Her er de 17036 menneskene som omkom i middelhavet

En 100 meter lang liste med døde flyktninger var den «røde løperen» som møtte EU-parlamentarikere på vei til jobb.

Marianne Grøtte
Om Marianne Grøtte (8 artikler)
Marianne Grøtte er politisk engasjert, samfunnsdebattant, tobarnsmor og feminist, med stort hjerte for de som faller utenfor.

Listen er produsert av den antirasistiske organisasjonen United for Intercultural Action, en paraplyorganisasjon for 560 ulike organisasjoner i 46 europeiske land.

De fleste ofrene flyktet fra krig, fattigdom og klimaødeleggelser. De døde fordi EU ikke ville finne en løsning. De kunne ha satt opp en luftbro og hjulpet folk til mottaksleire hvor de kunne blitt fordelt på land etter avtalte kriterier. De kunne satt opp militærkonvoier av båter for å frakte folk over havet, de kunne gjort NOE.

Les også om hvordan Europa har siktet flyktningene.

På vei til frihet
I stedet lukker de øynene og bygger høye gjerder. De skjøt og skyter tåregass mot desperate mennesker som prøver å komme forbi. De lar fattige naboland ta imot dem som klarer å flykte. De later som dette ikke angår oss.

Listen ble lagt på gulvet i EU-parlamentet, slik at alle delegatene måtte tråkke på navnene for å komme inn. Listen er 100 meter lang og inneholder mennesker på flukt i perioden 1990 til 2012 – på vei til friheten i Europa. Vi vet at flere tusen har dødd etter det også.

Se også vinneren av fotokonkurransen Welcome to Refugees.

17.306 drømmer
Vi må ikke tåle så inderlig vel den urett som ikke rammer oss selv, oppfordrer det diktet alle nordmenn kjenner så godt. Det gjelder nå, mer enn noen gang!

I mellomtiden har 17306 kvinner, barn og menn dødd på havet. 17306 drømmer om et trygt liv. 17306 sønner og døtre, barnebarn. 17306 medmennesker.

Vi må våkne!


25/10/12 54 N.N. unknown drowned, 14 found, 40 missing, boat to E sunk off Al Huceima (MA), Frontex did not rescue FFM/Acoge/FE/Que/VK

23/10/12 1 N.N. (±25, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body washed ashore off Punta Almina (E) reportedly fell into the sea way from MA ABC/FE

09/10/12 1 N.N. (±5, girl) Sub-Saharan Africa body washed ashore near Galapagos beach (E), reportedly was travelling on boat from Melilla FE/SUR

09/10/12 1 N.N. (±5, girl) Sub-Saharan Africa body washed ashore near Galapagos beach (E), reportedly was travelling on boat from Melilla FE/SUR

08/10/12 6 N.N. Africa drowned, after boat of 24 migrants from Comoros capsized off the coast of Mayotte (F) VOA/UN/IRR

08/10/12 10 N.N. Africa missing, after boat of 24 migrants from Comoros capsized off the coast of Mayotte (F) VOA/UN/IRR

08/10/12 1 N.N. (8 months, baby) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat sunk off Melilla’s coasts (E) FE/20Me

01/10/12 1 N.N. (39, woman) Nepal fell from 5th floor escaping police controlling for noise at birthday party, was undocumented CypMail 18/09/12 1 N.N. (young man) unknown advanced state of decomposition, found off Ceuta (E) allegedly fell overboard boat to E ABC/FE

17/09/12 1 N.N. (young man) unknown drowned, small boat sunk off Mostaganem (DZ) was on the way to Spain TSA/FE

16/09/12 1 N.N. (30, man) Eritrea car accident near Alexandroupolis(GR),car driven by smuggler overturned during police chase PICUM

09/09/12 1 N.N. (20-30, man) Angola stowaway, body fell from a plane from Angola to Heathrow, onto a street in Mortlake (GB) BBC/IRR/Evening Standard/MNS

08/09/12 27 N.N. Africa missing, after boat with 36 migrants from Anjouan (Comoros) sank off Mayotte coasts (F) Universal/AFP

08/09/12 6 N.N. (5 women; 1 child) Africa drowned, after boat 36 migrants from Anjouan-Comoros sank off the coast of Mayotte (F) Universal/AFP/PICUM

07/09/12 79 N.N. Tunisia reportedly drowned while trying to reach the coast of Sicily (I), boat is still missing PICUM/MAS/LRP/FE

06/09/12 30 N.N. (12 men; 18 women) Palestine/Syria drowned, overcrowded boat from Ahmetbeyli (TR) sank off Aegean coast, 46 survivors Reu/AFP/Le Monde/Migreurop/SP/MNS/FE

06/09/12 31 N.N (28 children; 3 babies) Palestine/Syria drowned, overcrowded boat from Ahmetbeyli (TR) sank off Aegean coat, 46 survivors Reu/AFP/Le Monde/Migreurop/SP/MNS/FE

06/09/12 64 N.N. Tunisia drowned, 1 found, 63 missing shipwreck near the island of Lampione (I) MNS/FE/Migreurop

04/09/12 1 Hashemi Samir Iran suicide, in a refugee centre in Kirchheim (D), depression due to living conditions RTA/INDd/VRF/Karawane

29/08/2012 7 N.N. Syria drowned, family of asylum seekers, shipwreck on the way from Latakia (Syria) to Cyprus FE/CypMail

26/08/12 40 N.N. Eritrea/Nigeria/Bangladesh/Smaliadrowned, 10 found, 30 missing after vessel from Tripoli (LY) capsized off Libyan coasts MNS/FE

23/08/12 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, found in landing gear bay of plane at Heathrow (GB), travelled from South Africa Guardian Un./IRR

19/08/12 39 N.N. Egypt 3 found, 36 missing after overcrowded boat sank near Libya coast on the way to Europe WSLS10/FE

18/08/12 1 N.N. unknown body found in Evros River (TR) reportedly was migrant trying to cross into GR from Turkey FE

16/08/12 2 N.N. Somalia starvation died after 4 days adrifting, bodies found on dinghy from LY arrived to Malta FE/Ansamed

16/08/12 2 N.N. Somalia drowned,reaching rescue ship after 4 days adrifting, dinghy from LY to Malta FE/Ansamed

12/08/12 1 N.N. (30, woman) Asia unknown, body found near Wimereux (FR) beach in wetsuit, trying to swim Channel to GB IRR/Mail Online/21Miles/DailyRec/ThisIsKent

30/07/12 1 Bee Moyo (man, 45) Zimbabwe suicide, hanged himself in Rotherham park (GB) after residency application was rejected IRR/Star

12/07/12 1 N.N. (23, man) Afghanistan stowaway, died of asphyxia found under a truck inside the ferry to Venice (I) from GR CDS/FE

10/07/12 54 N.N. Eritrea/Somalia/Sudan dehydration, dinghy adrift for 15 days on the way from LY to I, reached Tunisian coasts LR/MUGAK/EP/ELC/LV/PICUM/UNHCR/HRW/ABC/DN

09/07/12 1 Bernard Hukwa (man) Zimbabwe suicide, body found in River Thames (GB), he was waiting for asylum claim to be processed IRR/ZimEye

05/07/12 3 N.N. unknown drowned, shipwreck off Monastir (TN) on the way to Italy, border guards could save 22 TNNum

30/06/12 1 Manade Kamara (32, man) Mali asylum seeker, allegedly beaten to death in police custody in Safi (M);arrived dead in hospital EUobserver/MaltaToday/MaltaStar/TimesM

29/06/12 1 Mamadou Kamara (32, man) Mali died in a detention centre in Malta, presumably maltreated by Armed Forces while in custody TimesM/MaltaToday/FR-H

29/06/12 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition, was from shipwreck off Leuca coast (I) LR/FE

23/06/12 2 N.N. Afghanistan stowaways, died of asphyxiation and heat inside a truck on Greece to Ancona (I) ferry PICUM/Infomob/FE/LR

19/06/12 6 N.N. unknown missing, reportedly drowned, small boat sailing from North Africa capsized off Leuca coast(I) PICUM/LRB/FE/Infomob

26/05/12 20 N.N. unknown drowned, after an inflatable dinghy on way to Italy started to deflate off the coast of Lybia Migreurop/LRP

25/05/12 10 N.N. Somalia at least 10 people missing after dinghy from Libya to Italy capsized in the Sicilian Channel LR/Fe

25/05/12 1 N.N. (±30, man) Sub-Saharan Africa body in advanced state of decomposition washed ashore off Lampione Island (I) FE/ANSA

19/05/12 5 N.N. Anjouan Island, Comoros drowned, after boat of 43 migrants sank off the coast of Mayotte (F) Le Monde/AFP/Migreurop

19/05/12 15 N.N. Anjouan Island, Comoros missing, after boat of 43 migrants sank off the coast of Mayotte (F) Le Monde/AFP/Migreurop

02/05/12 1 N.N. (16, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, suffocated in a truck into which he had hidden to avoid the border police checks Migreurop/PICUM/AdnK/MP

01/05/12 7 N.N. Somalia died in a boat during a week-long voyage from LY to Malta, boat came ashore at Riviera Bay UNHCR

29/04/12 2 N.N. unknown died in car accident while trying to escape a FRONTEX control Migreurop/KTG/TF1/PICUM/Clandestina/Age/Skai/Ta N

28/04/12 1 N.N. (boy) Egypt drowned, after being thrown off a boat of 80 by smugglers when a patrol boat approached Migreurop/LRP

26/04/12 1 N.N. (40, man) Afghanistan drowned, after being thrown overboard by smugglers dozens of meters from Calabria’s coast LR/Migreurop/PUCUM/FE

12/04/12 1 Alain Hatungimana (man) Burundi suicide, killed himself in the Netherlands in fear of being deported with his two children DutchN/Migreurop/RNW/PICUM/ENAR in Apr 12 6 N.N. (1 man; 5 women) unknown drowned, reaching rescuing ship after boat from LY run out of petrol in Sicilian Channel (I) BBC

in Apr 12 1 Samia Yusuf Omar (21, woman) Somalia drowned,reaching rescue ship; on boat on way LY-I.Was Olympia athlete facing death threats BBC/Gulf/SP/WIK/IlMess

31/03/12 6 N.N. Somalia died from dehydration on a rubber dinghy of 58 migrants during the voyage from Libya to I Migreurop/AFP

31/03/12 4 N.N. Eritrea died from dehydration on a rubber dinghy of 58 migrants during the voyage from Libya to I Migreurop/AFP

29/03/12 1 N.N. unknown body found in an advanced state of decay in the rural area of Tichero, Evros Prefecture (GR) PICUM/Age/Clandestina

17/03/12 1 N.N. (±28) unknown drowned while trying to cross Evros River to enter GR, body found in area of Nea Vissa PICUM/Age

16/03/12 5 N.N. unknown found in boat of 57 on way to Lampedusa (I) rescued by Italian authorities in Libian waters PICUM/LR/jW

15/03/12 1 N.N. unknown drowned while trying to cross Evros River to enter GR, body found near river in area of Soufli PICUM

12/03/12 1 N.N. (28, man) Eritrea rolled over by the truck he tried to hide under to leave Greece, near the new port in Patras PICUM/patrasT

05/03/12 1 N.N. (±24, man) Maghreb drowned, body found floating in Tajo-Segura Channel, in the town of Torre-Pacheco (E) MUGAK/Raz

02/03/12 2 N.N. (±22, men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies carrying life jacket found in the sea near the Bay of Melilla (E) MUGAK/Raz/Diario de Noticias/ElDia/SUR/VDG

29/02/12 1 N.N. (man) Egypt died of hypothermia, body found in a warehouse in the area of Korinthia (GR) PICUM/Proto

29/02/12 2 N.N. (1 young girl; 1 old man) unknown young girl and her grandfather missing after boat overturned while crossing Evros River (GR) PICUM/Infomob/Ta Nea/Skai

21/02/12 1 N.N. (±20, woman) Africa died of hypothermia while trying to leave TR via Evros River, body found near Orestiada (GR) PICUM/Infomob/Skai/Clandestina

21/02/12 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned while trying to enter Ceuta (E) by swimming along the coast from Morocco MUGAK/ElDia

21/02/12 1 N.N. (±23, woman) Africa body found by border guards in the Evros River (GR) MNS

10/02/12 1 N.N. (±40) unknown died of hypothermia while trying to cross Evros River to enter GR, body found near Tichero PICUM/Rizo

07/02/12 1 N.N. (25) unknown died of hypothermia in Health Centre of Soufli after crossing Evros River to enter Greece PICUM/Skai

06/02/12 3 N.N. (±20) Afghanistan stowaway, died of asphyxiation in truck on way to Igoumenitsa (GR), a port leading to Italy PICUM/TVXS/MNS in Feb 12 1 Rexhep Salijaj (man) Kosovo suicide, killed himself a few hours before the delay given to him to leave Belgium was expired MNS

30/01/12 1 N.N. (man) Palestine died of hypothermia trying to cross Evros River (GR) with 14 migrants who were rescued PICUM/Clandestina/Skai/ToV

29/01/12 1 N.N. (29, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in asylum seekers house in Wurzburg (D), was in cure for depression HRS/SD/MainP/U4IB/SOS/Karawane

29/01/12 1 Mohammad Rahsepar (29, man) Iran suicide, hanged himself with a sheet in asylum seekers centre in Würzburg (D) FR-BW/INDd/ARD/

25/01/12 15 N.N. Somalia drowned, after their vessel of 55 migrants sank, bodies found off the coast of Misrata (LY) MNS

25/01/12 40 N.N. Somalia missing, after their vessel of 55 migrants sank off the coast of Misrata (LY) MNS

22/01/12 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa body found floating in an advanced state of decomposition 7 miles from Cabo de Palos (E) MUGAK/Verdad

15/01/12 15 N.N. (12women; 2men; 1baby) Somalia bodies found on Libyan beaches after shipwreck of boat part of 4 boats group on way to I PICUM/FE/TimesM/AFP/jW

15/01/12 1 N.N. Somalia found dead alone in shipwrecked boat that was part of group of 4 boats on way from LY to I PICUM/FE/TimesM/AFP/jW

15/01/12 40 N.N. unknown missing after shipwreck of a boat part of a group of 4 boats on the way from LY to I PICUM/FE/TimesM/AFP/jW

12/01/12 8 N.N. Afghanistan missing after 2 plastic boats trying to cross the border GR-TR via the Evros River overturned PICUM/ClandestinE/Infomob/TK/MNS

12/01/12 4 N.N. Bangladesh missing after 2 plastic boats trying to cross the border GR-TR via the Evros River overturned PICUM/ClandestinE/Infomob/TK/MNS

10/01/12 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned trying to swim ashore with life jacket, body found floating 33 miles from Motril (E) MUGAK/ElDia

08/01/12 1 N.N. (±28, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned trying to swim ashore with a life-belt, body found on the beach in Melilla (E) MUGAK/LV

05/01/12 1 N.N. (21, man) Guinea-Conraki reportedly lack of medical help after asked for assistance in Barcelona’s detention centre (E) IRR/MUGAK/LV/18Des/EP/EPress

03/01/12 1 N.N. (55) India undocumented migrant found in container which he used as shelter close to Thiva (GR) PICUM

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 2

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

02/01/12 1 N.N. (young man) Afghanistan died from smoke inhalation from fire lit in tin can to keep warm inside abandoned truck (GR) MNS/PICUM

01/01/12 1 N.N. Palestine died of hypothermia trying to cross the river Evros between GR and TR, part of group of 15 CMau/KI 01/01/12 2 N.N. (9, girl; 55, man) Afghanistan missing after they tried to cross the river Evros between GR and TR, part of a group of 15 CMau/KI in Jan 12 1 Samuel Festus (male) unknown died at hospital, Essen (D), deportation threats, interdiction to work contributed to sickness VRF

27/12/11 1 N.N. (12, boy) Iran died of hypothermia, body found by the police along the shores of the Evros River (GR) MNS/PICUM

27/12/11 1 N.N. (59, woman) Iran died of hypothermia, body found by the police along the shores of the Evros River (GR) MNS/PICUM

27/12/11 1 N.N. (±30, man) Africa died of hypothermia, body found by the police along the shores of the Evros River (GR) MNS/PICUM

22/12/11 1 Predrag Molnar (40, man) Serbia presumed suicide in police cell in NL days before deportation, very unclear circumstances Vrijheid

19/12/11 1 N.N. (41, woman) Congo died of meningitis hours after her admission to hospital from Aluche detention centre (E) IRR/ICARE/MUGAK

10/12/11 2 N.N. unknown bodies found in the area of Petalo (GR), tried to cross the border TR-GR via the Evros River MNS/PICUM

07/12/11 54 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa missing, after having tried to reach Ceuta (E) from Moroccan coast by swimming Ansamed

06/12/11 2 N.N. unknown died of dehydration on stricken vessel of 53 migrants then rescued off Moroccan coast FE

06/12/11 1 N.N. (±32, man) North Africa reportedly smugglers tortured and then shot him, found outside Thriassio Hospital,Attik (GR) MNS

06/12/11 2 N.N. Somalia died at sea on way from Libya in a boat of 44 migrants found 75 miles south of Malta TimesM

06/12/11 2 N.N. (1 girl; 1 woman) Congo died of dehydration on stricken vessel of 53 migrants then rescued off Moroccan coast FE

06/12/11 1 N.N. (young man) Congo drowned, fell from a stricken vessel of 53 migrants then rescued off Moroccan coast FE

03/12/11 1 Fares Chebchoub Algeria presumed suicide, found hanged in Cagliari reception centre (I), unclear circumstances ElW

01/12/11 1 N.N. (16, boy) Syria killed after a car chase in Evros (GR), involving Greek border police and FRONTEX officials MNS/PICUM in Dec 11 11 N.N. (men) Algeria missing after they sailed from Sidi Lakhdar (DZ) in the direction of Spain on a makeshift boat FE/Le MatinDZ

28/11/11 1 N.N. (±25, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, found in port of Ceuta (E) in advanced state of decomposition FE/ElDia/MUGAK

27/11/11 3 N.N. Afghanistan/Pakistan bodies found in the south-eastern port of Brindisi (I) after a vessel sank off the nearby coast MNS

27/11/11 20 N.N. Afghanistan/Pakistan missing after a vessel sank off the coast of Brindisi (I) MNS

26/11/11 30 N.N. Afghanistan/Kurdistan/Sri Lankafeared drowned, missing after boat sank off Brindisi coasts (I) on the way from Turkey FE/LR/PICUM/LRB/Blitz/MUGAK/Raz/ABC/VDG

26/11/11 3 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found afer boat sank off Brindisi coasts (I) on the way from Turkey FE/LR/PICUM/LRB/Blitz/MUGAK/Raz/ABC/VDG

24/11/11 1 N.N. Asia died of hypothermia, body found in the Peplos region, on banks of Evros River (GR) MNS

24/11/11 1 N.N. Asia died of hypothermia, body found in a farming area in Thymaria, Alexandroupoli (GR) MNS

23/11/11 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies found on Moroccan beach, part of group of 90 who tried to swim to Ceuta MNS

09/11/11 43 N.N. unknown missing after contacting Italian authorities because their boat was taking water in rough seas MNS

11/10/11 2 N.N. Iran died in accident, smugglers’ car overturned as they tried to avoid a police road block MNS 07/10/11 2 N.N. unknown died instantly after being run over by train near Feres (GR) while walking along the railway MNS in Oct 11 1 Khaled Khodena (man) Iraq murdered due to his religious after deportation from Sweden, his asylum claim was rejected UNHCR/Sveriges in Oct 11 1 Michael Kelly (man) Liberia found dead in his room at the Gerstungen asylum seekers centre (D) 10 days after he died VRF

28/09/11 4 N.N. Tunisia burned, fire caused by lit candle in Pantin squat, Paris (F) – a municipality owned building MNS/FTRC/Raz/Le Monde/Libération

28/09/11 2 N.N. Egypt asphyxiation, fire started by lit candle in Pantin squat, Paris(F)- a municipality owned building MNS/FTRC/Raz/Le Monde/Libération

14/09/11 1 N.N. unknown drowned, pushed off jetski when smuggler saw coastguards approaching in Andalusia (E) Sur/Mugak

24/08/11 1 N.N. (man) unknown murdered, shot by Frontex officer while shooting at boats crossing TR-GR border, Evros river ClandestinE/Son Dakika/MNS

04/08/11 100 N.N. Africa unknown, bodies thrown overboard from LY boat rescued 104 miles from Lampedusa (I) Telegraph/MAS/CDM

02/08/11 1 N.N. (man) Asia suicide, hanged himself in a shower at Campsfield House Immigration Removal Centre (GB) MNS

01/08/11 25 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa suffocated, travelling on boat with 275 survivors, SOS sent 35 miles from Lampedusa (I) SP/FE/Le Figaro

29/07/11 30 N.N. unknown unknown, bodies found on boat, engine failed after leaving Alexandria (Egypt) 1 week before FE/Libero

13/07/11 1 N.N. (23, man) Cuba stowaway, crushed to death, found in the wheel-bay of an Iberia passenger plane in Spain MNS

05/07/11 1 N.N. (25-30, man) Maghreb drowned, body found near Selinunte, Trapani (I) in advanced state of decomposition ANSA/FE

02/07/11 1 Muhammad Shukat (47, man) Pakistan died from heart attack after medical neglect at Colnbrook Immigration Removal Centre (GB) GuardianUn

01/07/11 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia trying to swim ashore with life jacket, body found off Ceuta’s coast (E) MNS

29/06/11 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa suspected hypothermia, body found wearing life jacket in “Three Stones”, Ceuta (E) FE/VDG

25/06/11 45 N.N. Morocco feared drowned, fell from a boat found neat Motril, Granada (E), 2nd boat still missing FE/PICUM/Diario de Navarra

25/06/11 1 N.N. (20, man) Morocco drowned, body found 4 miles from capsized boat in Motril coast, Granada (E) FE/PICUM/Diario de Navarra

25/06/11 1 N.N. (38, man) Ghana epileptic seizure, Libyan refugee on boat from Lampedusa(I) to mainland, was known sufferer PICUM/FE/AdnK

03/06/11 1 N.N (30, woman) Nigeria found dead in police cell, was detained for having no papers in Zurich airport (CH) Migreurop/AP

02/06/11 270 N.N. West Africa/Pakistan/Bangladeshdrowned, 2 found, overcrowded boat capsized 300km from Tripoli (LY) to Lampedusa (I) Migreurop/Mugak/UNHCR/Reu/Universo/GuardianUn/B

01/06/11 1 N.N. unknown unknown manner of death, died on the way from Libya to Malta body thrown overboard ANSA/Fe

29/05/11 3 N.N. unknown survivors reported bodies missing while reaching the coasts off Sant’Antioco (I) from Libya ANSA/FE

29/05/11 4 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies missing, boat collided with other boat off Libya’s shore on the way to Italy FE/ilClandestino

22/05/11 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, decomposed body found by Cabo de Gata (E), probably from 5/5/11 shipwreck ABC/Mugak

11/05/11 1 Aminullah Mohamadi (17, boy) Afghanistan suicide, hanged himself in Parc de la Villette, Paris(F) when told he would be deported DRARI/INDf

10/05/11 1 N.N. Iran stowaway, fell out of a truck near Calais (F) was travelling to GB LePhare

08/05/11 1 N.N. (30, man) unknown stowaway, died of overheating in truck carrying cablewheels in Fulda (D) travelling from GR HessenR/HNA/Welt/SP

08/05/11 1 N.N. (20-25, man) unknown stowaway, died of overheating in truck carrying cablewheels in Fulda (D) travelling from GR HessenR/HNA/Welt/SP

06/05/11 45 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 13 found, 32 missing, boat of 600 sank off coasts near Tripoli (LY) on the way to I LR

06/05/11 3 N.N. (babies) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned after boat of 600 sank off the coasts near to Tripoli (LY) on the way to I LR

05/05/11 22 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico/MUGAK/EP

05/05/11 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico//MUGAK/EP

05/05/11 1 N.N. (3, girl) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico/MUGAK/EP

05/05/11 1 N.N. (1, girl) Sub-Saharan Africa feared drowned, boat sank 2 miles from Adra, Almeria coast (E), 29 survivors Humano/Publico/MUGAK/EP

17/04/11 1 Infeanyi Nwokoye (29) Nigeria manner of death unknown, died in Malta det. ctr. a day after he was captured from escaping MNS/TimesM

16/04/11 1 N.N. (man) Nigeria drowned, found 3 days after shipwreck off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE

13/04/11 1 Leonie (38, woman) Congo drowned, jumped from boat that wrecked off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE/DerStandard/MAS/Mail Online

13/04/11 1 Cinie (28, woman) Congo drowned, jumped from boat that wrecked off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE/DerStandard/MAS/Mail Online

13/04/11 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, body found after boat wrecked off Pantelleria (I) on the way from Libya LR/FE/MAS/Mail Online

12/04/11 1 N.N. (woman) Nigeria pregnant, died from drinking sea water, boat of 72 went adrift in Mediterranean for 16 days MNS

12/04/11 1 N.N. (2 months, fetus) Nigeria mother died from drinking sea water, boat of 72 went adrift in Mediterranean for 16 days MNS

11/04/11 1 N.N. (29, woman) Somalia body found in a drifting wooden boat off Malta’s shore rescued patrol vessels FE/AFM

10/04/11 1 N.N. (baby) unknown died from thirst and hunger, boat drifted in Mediterranean for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO GuardianUn/MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCa

10/04/11 1 N.N. (1, baby) unknown died from thirst and hunger, boat drifted in Mediterranean for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO GuardianUn/MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCa

10/04/11 1 N.N. unknown died from thirst and hunger on reaching land, boat drifted for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO GuardianUn/MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCa

10/04/11 1 N.N. unknown died in prison near Misrata (LY) after boat left to drift for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO GuardianUn/MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCa

10/04/11 59 N.N. Ethiopia/Nigeria/Eritrea/Ghana/Sudandied from thirst and hunger, boat drifted in Mediterranean for 16 days, SOS ignored by NATO GuardianUn/MUGAK/ELM/VDG/Raz/ABC/AVUI/PerCa 08/04/11 1 Kambiz Roustayi (36, man) Iran suicide, failed asylum seeker set himself on fire in Amsterdam (NL), feared deportation NBK/VK/Eindhovens Dagblad/IMA/MNS

06/04/11 177 N.N. Bangladesh/Chad/Ivory Coast/Nigeria/Somalia/Sudanmissing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/M

06/04/11 37 N.N. (women) Bangladesh/Chad/Ivory Coast/Nigeria/Somalia/Sudanmissing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/M

06/04/11 1 N.N. (24, woman) unknown missing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/M

06/04/11 3 N.N (minors) Bangladesh/Chad/Ivory Coast/Nigeria/Somalia/Sudanmissing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/M

06/04/11 1 N.N. (3, boy) unknown missing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/M

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 3

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

06/04/11 1 N.N. (1, boy) unknown missing, part of 325 migrants on LY-I boat, sank 39 miles from Lampedusa in Maltese waters LR/ANSA/Reu/Migreurop/Raz/Mail Online/Irish Times/M

02/04/11 1 N.N. (23, man) Afghanistan stowaway, asphyxiation, body found in van at Ancona port (I) on ferry coming from GR PICUM/FE/ANSA/ClandestinE

02/04/11 1 N.N. (20, man) unknown drowned when disembarking boat of 500 migrants in Modica(I), body found by Punta Reglioni FE/PICUM 01/04/11 1 N.N. (23, man) Eritrea drowned whilst disembarking boat with 500 migrants in Modica (I) PICUM/FE 01/04/11 27 N.N. Tunisia drowned, reportedly from missing boat to Italy on 27/03. bodies found off Kerkenneh(TN) FE/PICUM in Apr 11 58 N.N. Tunisia drowned, bodies found on Tunisian beaches by coastguards Migreurop

31/03/11 70 N.N. Somalia/Eritrea drowned, found off Tripoli coast (LY), may include those from 2 missing boats on way to I Quotidiano/LR/Migeurop/Kaosenlared/RAI/PICUM/MU

28/03/11 10 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat sank on way to Lampedusa (I) from LY, 6 rescued by Egyptian fishing boats Guardian Un./PerCat/AdnK

28/03/11 27 N.N. unknown drowned, found off Kerkennah coast (TN) after 2 boats travelling together from LY sank PUB/Reu/TunisieSoir/GuardianUn/MUGAK/Quotidiano

28/03/11 1 N.N. (1, baby) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat sank on way to Lampedusa (I) from LY, 6 rescued by Egyptian fishing boats Guardian Un./PerCat/AdnK

27/03/11 308 N.N. unknown feared drowned, boat of 335 left Libya for Italy has been missing for 2 weeks Quotidiano/LR/Migeurop/Kaosenlared/RAI

26/03/11 1 Seydina Moh. Mbaye (5, boy) Senegal pulmonary embolism on flight to emergency surgery in Strasbourg(F), consulate delayed visa Seneweb/Nouvel Obs

25/03/11 295 N.N. unknown feared drowned after 2 boats travelling together from Sidi Bilal (LY) sank on way to Italy PUB/Reu/TunisieSoir/GuardianUn/MUGAK/Quotidiano

25/03/11 10 N.N. Egypt feared drowned after 2 boats travelling together from Sidi Bilal (LY) sank on way to Italy PUB/Reu/TunisieSoir/GuardianUn

22/03/11 3 N.N. unknown missing, sent distress signal near Paxoi island (GR) way to I, jumped into sea during rescue ORF

22/03/11 1 N.N. Bangladesh drowned, found off Crete’s island jumped off LY-GR ship in Souda (GR) during repatriation MNS

18/03/11 3 N.N. (±28, men) unknown drowned, patrols found bodies in Petalo area of river Evros (GR) clandestinE

14/03/11 40 N.N. Tunisia drowned; 17 found, 23 missing, boat sank near Kerkenneh (TN) on way to Lampedusa (I) LR/AFP/Le Figaro/EP/Diario de Noticias/TunisieSoir

06/03/11 18 N.N. Bangladesh drowned, 3 found, 15 missing, jumped off LY-GR ship in Souda (GR) during repatriation KI/MNS

04/03/11 2 N.N. Tunisia drowned, boat capsized in a storm off Lampedusa (I), 28 people were rescued AFP/Le Monde/Migreurop/Romandie/LR

04/03/11 2 N.N. (boys) Tunisia drowned, fell into sea during boat rescue of 22 migrants from Tunisia 50km from Marsala (I) FE/GRR

02/03/11 1 N.N. (±27, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, decomposed body found floating opposite La Carihuela beach, Torremolinos (E) SUR/MUGAK in Mar 11 3 N.N. unknown burned to death in a shack in Melilla (E) as they waited for a chance to cross to mainland ABC/MUGAK in Mar 11 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found in advanced state of decomposition near Lampedusa (I) LR

01/03/11 1 Shambu Lama (40, man) Nepal suicide, laid under train in Gifhorn(D)in fear of deportation, lived 16yrs in D where he had son Karawane/taz/jW/waz

27/02/11 1 N.N. (±16, boy) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned while trying to cross Benzu breakwater (MA) to Ceuta (E) body found hours after Faro/FE/DiarioVasco

12/02/11 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, boat sank off Zarzis (TN) on way to Italy, 1 body found, 1 missing, 10 survivors LESP

12/02/11 4 N.N. (men) unknown bodies found by patrol guards on a boat adrift off Sfax coast (TN) LR

12/02/11 4 N.N. (men) unknown bodies found by patrol guards on a boat adrift near Sfax (TN) on way to Italy LR

11/02/11 35 N.N. Tunisia drowned; 5 found, 30 missing when TN coastguards rammed their boat, splitting it in two MNS/BBC/LESP/LR/Le Monde/Newsaust/Mugak/Diari

31/01/11 1 N.N. (54, man) Pakistan failed asylum seeker, died after jumping from window during police check in Nicosia flat (CY) CypMail

23/01/11 1 N.N. (man) Mali stopped breathing, very weak after 4 days wait at Strait of Gibraltar coast for MA-E dinghy Humano

18/01/11 1 Garrach (boy) Tunisia drowned, boat capsized near Metline (TN) during poor border control after Ben Ali abdication FE

17/01/11 2 N.N. (men) Algeria drowned, set boat on fire and jumped to avoid border patrol in Annaba (DZ) on the way to I FE/Migreurop/ElW

16/01/11 33 N.N. Afghanistan missing, feared drowned when ship sank near Corfu (GR) on way to Italy, 230 survivors ClandestinE/FE/AFP/KI/VK/MNS/BBC

08/01/11 1 N.N. (±25, man) Africa froze to death, body found in Nea Vissa, Evros (GR) near to Turkish border ClandestinE/Frontexplode

07/01/11 1 Borka T. (woman) Kosovo brain haemorrhage, could not receive medical treatment once deported from D to Kosovo WSWS/LV/MNS/Karawane

06/01/11 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, bodies found in Evros River trying to cross GR-TR border FE/AFP

04/01/11 1 Alta Ming (34, woman) Mongolia no medical help, died giving birth in Rennes (F), homeless since husband put in det. ctr. in NL Rue89

28/12/10 1 N.N. (33, man) Cameroon stowaway, crushed by the cargo of the truck he was hiding in, on way from Ceuta to Spain MUGAK/ELM

20/12/10 1 N.N. (±28, man) Africa frozen to death, found in Nea Vissa (GR), crossing TR-GR border Frontexplode/MNS

17/12/10 2 N.N. (men) Africa froze to death, bodies found in Nea Vissa (GR), near Turkish border Frontexplode/MNS

12/12/10 1 Saidou Gadiaga (37, man) Senegal asthma attack at Masotti Carabinieri station, Brescia (I) medical treatment provided too late MNS/LR/Africa-News 11/12/10 5 N.N. unknown missing, feared drowned when ship sank off Kani Keli, Mayotte (F), 31 survivors info/FE

07/12/10 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found in the Evros region (GR) near to border with Turkey ClandestinE/Frontexplode

01/12/10 1 N.N. (16, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, suffocated whilst hiding in truck on a ferry from Patras (GR) to Ancona (I) Migreurop/FE/Kinisi/CorAdriatico

29/11/10 1 Mahamadou Maréga (38, man) Mali died from shock, taser was used on deportee by police in Colombes (FR) to calm fight Europe1/MNS/Parisen

27/11/10 1 Sardar Ayari (25, man) Afghanistan stowaway, crushed between 2 trucks whilst trying to climb into one in Patras (GR) going to I Migreurop/Kinisi/FE

23/11/10 4 N.N. (men) Iran stowaways, suffocated in back of van near Amphiloxia (GR), travelling from Italy Europe1/FE/PICUM/MNS

22/11/10 2 N.N. (±20, men) Maghreb died of burns and fume inhalation, fire they made to heat up Santurtzi squat (E) spread EP/ELC

16/11/10 1 N.N. (23, man) Somalia drowned, boat sank on way from Balkans, body found in Bari(I) holding Greek expulsion order FE/PICUM

09/11/10 1 Brahim A (54, man) Morocco brain haemorrhage, fell 20ft while working without papers, left at Ceuta hospital gate (E) ElDia/LV/MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/Diario de Noticias in Nov 10 6 N.N. Eritrea beaten to death with sticks by traffickers in Sinai desert (Israel), for trying to escape group ECRE/LR

01/11/10 2 N.N. (men) Eritrea killed by traffickers holding them in Sinai desert (Israel), for using phones to call for help LR/ECRE

12/10/10 1 Jimmy Mubenga (46, man) Angola suffocated, security guards restrained him during deportation, on flight from Heathrow (GB) GuardianUn/NR/IndGB/Demotix/BBC/Rue89/FE/PICU

07/10/10 1 N.N. (man) Algeria stowaway, drowned whilst swimming from ship to shore at Pinedo beach, Valencia (E) Provincias

02/10/10 5 N.N. (18-36, men) Algeria missing, feared drowned, sailing with 30 survivors rescued off coast of Mostaganem (DZ) FE/Swiss.ch

21/09/10 1 N.N. (22, man) Eritrea stowaway, travelling from Georgia, hurriedly jumped off truck near Foggia (I) and fell on head Migreurop/FE/FaiNoti 13/09/10 1 Andoine Bassoumga (41, man) Congo heart attack, diabetic asylum seeker in Nicosia (CY), had a poor diet when welfare was cut KISA/CypMail

08/09/10 24 N.N. Maghreb missing, feared drowned on the way from El Bouni, Annaba (DZ) to Sardinia (I) by boat Les Temps D’Algerie/FE 08/09/10 19 N.N. Maghreb missing, feared drowned on the way from Seraidi, Annaba (DZ) to Sardinia (I) by boat Les Temps D’Algerie/FE in Sep 10 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies thrown overboard a boat carrying 34 others, found on Alboran Sea (E) Humano

in Sep 10 1 Nezam Azimi (60, man) Afghanistan murdered, was forcibly returned to Kabul in 2006 when asylum denied in NL, killed by Taliban MNS/Telegraaf

31/08/10 2 N.N. Maghreb bodies found by civil guard on Ceuta beach (E), in an advanced state of decomposition SUR

28/08/10 2 N.N. unknown found off Ceuta’s coast (E), believed to have fallen from boats several months ago MAC

27/08/10 37 N.N. unknown/Ivory Coast/Mali reportedly missing, boat from MA to E allegedly carrying 37 has gone missing MAC

25/08/10 1 N.N. (minor) Afghanistan body found by police on Jonic coast, Calabria (I), reportedly died whilst disembarking sailboat ANSA/Gazzettino

15/08/10 3 N.N. Cameroon died of thirst in Algerian desert near Tamanrasset, with 9 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica

15/08/10 3 N.N. Mali died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 9 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica

15/08/10 2 N.N. Ivory Coast died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 10 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica

15/08/10 2 N.N. Senegal died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 10 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica

15/08/10 1 N.N. Gambia died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 11 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica

15/08/10 1 N.N. Guinea died of thirst in Algerian desert near to Tamanrasset, with 11 others trying to reach Europe AFP/FocusNews/AllWAfrica

12/08/10 1 N.N. (55, man) Algeria drowned, body found by helicopter rescue 24km from Tabarca, Alicante (E) Provincias/Deia/Diario de Navarra/Raz/ElDia

11/08/10 8 N.N. unknown drowned, 6 missing and 2 found by sea patrol near Tabarka, Alicante (E) travelling from DZ Les Temps d’Algerie/Migreurop

11/08/10 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies found in La Linea de la Conception (E) near to the strait of Gibraltar EFE/SUR

11/08/10 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, mark of a knock on his head, body found near to Levante beach (E) EFE

07/08/10 1 N.N. unknown drowned during shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, body found 2 miles from Altea, Alicante (E) Provincias/EP/MNS/RoundTown

07/08/10 1 N.N. unknown drowned during shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, body found on San Juan beach (E) Provincias/EP/RoundTown in Aug 10 1 N.N. unknown drowned during a shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, body found by fishermen in Calp, Alicante (E) EP/Provincias/RoundTown

28/07/10 2 N.N. unknown drowned during shipwreck off Ibiza Channel, bodies found off Javea coast (E) EP/Provincias/DiarioVasco/RoundTown

25/07/10 1 Osman Rasul (27, man) Iraq suicide, jumped from balcony in Nottingham (GB), couldn’t find solicitor for his asylum appeal Guardian Un./BBC/IRR/ThisIsNott/TheHuff/NoBordersN

16/07/10 1 N.N. (3 months fetus) Georgia mother lost her child after being placed in detention centre PrivateSource

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 4

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

11/07/10 3 N.N. (women) Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on a damaged boat rescued off Motril coast, Granada (E) carrying 25 survivors Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra/ABC/SUR/Publico

11/07/10 2 N.N.(babies) Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on a damaged boat rescued off Motril coast, Granada (E) carrying 25 survivors Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra/ABC/SUR/Publico 11/07/10 1 N.N. (fetus) Sub-Saharan Africa mother’s body was found on a damaged boat rescued off Motril coast, Granada (E) Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra/ABC/SUR/Publico in Jul 10 1 N.N. (20, man) Afghanistan body found on Jonic coast, Calabria (I) at end of July, died during disembarking boat ANSA/Gazzettino in Jul 10 1 N.N. (14, boy) Afghanistan reported missing on Jonic coast, Calabria (I) at end of July, had travelled by sailboat ANSA/Gazzettino

01/07/10 1 Dembo Fofana (28, male) Guinea drowned in the Seine river (F) after escaping from police control, was undocumented Parisen

27/06/10 1 Zahara Bare (42, woman) Somalia pregnant asylum seeker in a Leersum asylum centre (NL)who was denied urgent medical care aduc/Doorbraak/SunaT/IRR

27/06/10 1 N.N. (fetus) unknown mother died when denied urgent medical care in a Leersum asylum centre (NL) aduc/Doorbraak/SunaT

25/06/10 2 N.N. (women) unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river from TR-GR, bodies found in Orestiada (GR) TimesM/Migreurop/AFP

25/06/10 1 N.N. (25, man) unknown killed by another asylum seeker in Alvesta (S) apartment rented by Migration Board UNHCR/DS

08/06/10 1 N.N. Africa drowned whilst travelling from Turkey to Greece on Evros River (GR) MNS

03/06/10 1 N.N. (man) Ivory Coast unknown cause had mental health problems but was not monitored in Charleroi(B) asylum cr. MNS/FIDH/IRR 02/06/10 1 Slawik C. (58, man) Armenia suicide, hanged himself with kettle cord whilst facing deporting in Langenhagen prison (D) 762/IRR in Jun 10 6 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river from TR-GR, bodies found in Orestiada (GR) TimesM/Migreurop/AFP in Jun 10 2 N.N. (women) unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river from TR-GR, bodies found in Orestiada (GR) TimesM/Migreurop/AFP in Jun 10 3 N.N. unknown missing, suspected drowned, boat overturned when crossing Evros river from TR-GR TimesM/Migreurop/AFP

in Jun 10 5 N.N. unknown drowned, boat overturned crossing Evros river (TR) trying to get to Greece TimesM/Migreurop

30/05/10 20 N.N. Chad/Egypt/Nigeria whilst travelling to Europe, executed in Tripoli and Banghazi (LY) for alleged criminal offences LR

13/05/10 1 Mohamed Abagui (man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself with bedsheet whilst awating deportation in Barcelona det centre(E) SetDirecta/FAIV/EP/PerCat/IRR

03/05/10 1 Abdoulaye (23, man) Ivory Coast stowaway, hanging under lorry, had permission to travel Ceuta-Malaga (E) but was prevented MNS/MUGAK/SUR

02/05/10 1 Alan Rasoul Ahmed (man) Iraq suicide, asylum seeker hanged himself in Liverpool (GB) as he was homesick and left in limbo IRR in May 10 1 N.N. (34, man) Maghreb deported from NL without family, died while trying to reenter Europe via boat to Samos (GR) VK

18/04/10 1 N.N. (±25, man) Algeria drowned whilst swimming to city, body washed up on Chorrillo beach, Ceuta (E) Provincias/SUR/Can7

18/04/10 4 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found by Evros river near Edirne (TR) when boat capsized, 7 survivors PICUM/UNHCR

16/04/10 1 Yeni P. (34, woman) Indonesia suicide, hanged herself in deportation centre in Hamburg (D) jW/Karawane/IRR/FR-H

15/04/10 1 Eliud Nguli Nyenze (40, man) Kenya died after being denied medical attention by staff at Oakington detention centre (GB) GuardianUn/IndyMedia/MornStar/IRR

13/04/10 11 N.N. (adults) Algeria reportedly drowned, boat sank of Almeria coast (E) on way from Algeria. 3 survivors PUB/SUR/Provincias/Can7/Nerja/MUGAK/EP/ABC/Dia 11/04/10 1 Ramahdin (16, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, fell under wheels of truck when it boarded a boat in Dunkirk (F), travelling to GB PICUM/IRR

10/04/10 1 N.N. (27, man) Shri Lanka stabbed by housemate in Venice (I), jealous of his permanent residency and work permit LaNVenezia

07/04/10 1 N.N. (30, man) Afghanistan stabbed in canteen-queue fight in Sandholm Asylum Centre(DK) tension due to overcrowding CPH/IRR/MNS

02/04/10 1 N.N. (30, man) Chechnia stabbed by breadknife by drunk asylum seeker, whilst in asylum centre in Mostviertel (A) DerStandard/Salzburger Nachrichten in Apr 10 1 N.N. unknown (minor) suicide, depressed after asylum claim was rejected did not receive medical support UNHCR/Sverinsge

30/03/10 7 N.N. unknown drowned, boat capsized 3 miles from Kafr el-Sheikh, Egypt on way to Italy. 38 survivors Le Monde/MP/FE/KI

28/03/10 1 N.N. (15, boy) Afghanistan asylum seeker, killed by bomb exposion in Athens (GR) while searching for food into garbage IRR/MNS

21/03/10 3 N.N. Somalia bodies thrown overboard on the way to Sicily (I), 20 surivors rescued by border patrol LR/FE

17/03/10 1 Joseph Ndukaku (29, man) Nigeria died during deportation at Zurich airport (CH),weak from hunger strike,police forcibly restrain AdnK/Swiss.ch/BBC/UNHCR/Augen Auf/DerBund/IPSN 10/03/10 1 Mrs. G. (woman) unknown rare brain infection, no medical care and no social benefits after asylum application approved GuardianUn. 08/03/10 1 E. G. (baby, boy) unknown starvation, died 2days before mother, family got no social help after received asylum in GB GuardianUn.

07/03/10 1 David Mardiani (17, man) Georgia suicide, asylum seeker, hanged himself in Hamburg deportation centre (D) after hunger strike WSWS/Migreurop/CaucKnot/SP/jW/taz/AN/IRR/MNS

07/03/10 1 Serge Serykh (man) Russia suicide, jumped with his family from 15 floor flat in Glasgow (GB), asylum claim was rejected GuardianUn/IRR/Migreurop/TheHerlad/MNS/Independ

07/03/10 1 Tatiana Serykh (woman) Russia suicide, jumped with her family from 15 floor flat in Glasgow (GB), asylum claim was rejected GuardianUn/IRR/TheHerlad/MNS/Migreurop/Independ

07/03/10 1 Stefan Serykh (19, man) Russia suicide, jumped with his family from 15 floor flat in Glasgow (GB), asylum claim was rejected GuardianUn/IRR/MNS/TheHerald/Migreurop/Indepede

03/03/10 1 N.N. (13 months, girl) Nigeria refused hospital treatment in Cernusco sul Naviglo (I) due to new discriminatory laws Everyone Group

11/02/10 6 N.N. (men) unknown reportedly drowned, dinghy capsized off coast of Samos (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE

11/02/10 1 N.N. (woman) unknown reportedly drowned, dinghy capsized off coast of Samos (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE

11/02/10 1 N.N. (girl) unknown reportedly drowned, dinghy capsized off coast of Samos (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE

11/02/10 8 N.N. unknown reportedly missing, dinghy capsized off Samos Island (GR) on the way to (GR) from (TR) KI/FE/AP/Migreurop/ECRE

16/01/10 1 M. El Abbouby (25, man) North Africa suicide, exhaled camping gas spray in his cell in S.Vittore prison, Milan (I) LR/IRR

10/01/10 2 N.N. unknown drowned, suspected that boat capsized 6 days earlier, travelling from Turkey to Greece Zaman/NOB

04/01/10 1 M. Yahya Tabbabi (31, man) Tunisia asylum-seeker, died in detention centre in Vottem (B) due to lack of medical treatment Migreurop/IRR/ST

04/01/10 19 N.N. unknown drowned, boat capsized when travelling from Turkey to Greece Zaman/NOB in Jan 10 1 Wadim S. (±21, man) Latvia suicide, jumped in front of train in Hamburg (D) after hearing he would be deported SP in 2010 5 N.N. unknown drowned, shipwreck with 36 survivors, bodies found on Valencia coast (E) LV in 2010 13 N.N. unknown drowned, boat sank off Andalusia coast (E), 10 bodies found, 3 missing LV in 2010 2 N.N. (babies) unknown feared drowned, missing after boat sank off Andalusia coast (E) LV

31/12/09 14 N.N. Asia reportedly drowned on way from Turkey, boat shipwrecked off Alexandroupoli coast (GR) FE/Migreurop/AP/Le Figaro/CDS/ANSA/Unita’/TodZam

31/12/09 7 N.N. (women) Asia reportedly drowned on way from Turkey, boat shipwrecked off Alexandroupoli coast (GR) FE/Migreurop/AP/Le Figaro/CDS/ANSA/Unita’/TodZam

31/12/09 1 N.N. (2, baby) Asia reportedly drowned on way from Turkey, boat shipwrecked off Alexandroupoli coast (GR) FE/Migreurop/AP/Le Figaro/CDS/ANSA/Unita’/TodZam

25/12/09 1 Carlos (34, woman) Brazil suicide, transexual hanged herself with a sheet in detention center of Milan (I) EveryOne Group/LR/Migreurop

15/12/09 1 Maiouad (15, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, killed crossing a highway near Calais (F), trying to go to GB by hiding in a truck NOB/FE

12/12/09 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat sank off coast of Leros Island (GR), 25 rescued from rocky islet NOB/TodZam

09/12/09 1 N.N. (man) Africa stowaway, frozen to death in a lorry trying to go from Tangeri (MA) to Marseilles (F) AP/FE in Dec 09 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found off Alexandroupoli (GR) when boat shipwrecked KI

24/11/09 1 Ibrahim M.B. (35, man) Senegal murdered by his employer in Vercelli (I) as he did not want to pay him a 3 months salary CDS

24/11/09 23 N.N. Comoros Islands reportedly drowned, boat sank between island Mayotte (F) and Comoros Islands Publico/AFP/MigrantsOM

20/11/09 1 N.N. (30, man) Bolivia died after repatriation operation after 26 days spent inside detention center of Malaga (E) Sur

18/11/09 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, fell from wooden boat in the sea off the coast of Tarifa (E) EP/FE

12/11/09 1 Jianping Liu (35, woman) China suicide, jumped from bridge near Heathrow (GB) after police questioned her about residence IRR/UxbGaz

06/11/09 6 N.N. (1m; 1 w; 3 childr; 1 baby) Afghanistan drowned, 5 died, 1 missing, overloaded boat sank off the coast of Bodrum (TR) FE/Ansa/Le Monde/NOB

06/11/09 1 Abdelkader H. (19, man) Algeria suicide, jumped in Bilbao’s river (E) escaping from policemen who took him for a thief EP

01/11/09 1 N.N. (young man) unknown stowaway, suffocated, found in the back of a lorry entering the Channel Tunnel (F) to GB FE/Mail Online/IRR in Nov 09 1 N.N. (±30, man) Somalia swine flu, died whilst staying in asylum centre in Norway, no medical care was given UNHCR/IRR

30/10/09 1 Mohammed Iqbal Safi (18, man) Afghanistan jumped in river Thames(GB) after police questioned him in custody for immigration offences IRR

30/10/09 1 N.N. (25, man) India stowaway, asphyxiated while hidden in a lorry near Calais (F), trying to go to GB Libération/PrivateSource/Libelille

29/10/09 3 N.N. Algeria bodies found on a boat tracked southeast of Cartagena on Spain’s southern coast EXP/UnSarda/EarthT/EP/PUB/PICUM/NOB

27/10/09 9 N.N. (±30, 1 man; 3 w; 5 childr) Afghanistan drowned after wooden boat from TR collided with rocks on the island of Mytilini (GR) LR/TDN/Le Figaro/CDS/Migreurop/ANSA/gara.net/Picu

27/10/09 1 N.N. unknown found on boat escorted to Sicily; I and M refused for 3 days to receive them in their territory LR/Can7/Picum/NOB

15/10/09 16 N.N. (1 woman; 1 child) Kosovo drowned, 11 died, 5 missing, boat capsized trying to cross Serbo-H border via Tisza river Picum/UNMIK/NOB

12/10/09 7 N.N. (4 women; 3 children) unknown drowned, boat sank by Kani-Keli, southern Mayotte, on way from Comoros Malanga

10/10/09 1 Mohammad Atif Kamran (25, m) Pakistan murdered, beaten, dragged in police station of Nikaia (GR) and tortured till death Anarkismo/IRR

06/10/09 7 N.N. Egypt/Somalia drowned, 4 died, 3 missing, trying to swim from a dinghy to the coast of Gela (I) Picum/EveryOne Group/NOB

06/10/09 1 Hasun Albaadzh (man) Syria medical neglect, died in Busmantsi detention centre (BG) where he had been held for 3 years IRR

19/09/09 28 N.N. (7 women; 1 man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 8 found, 20 missing, small boat sank off the coast of MA near Perejil Island (E) AFP/EP/DiarioVasco/Razon/ELM/ELC/PerCat/Xinhua/A

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 5

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

14/09/09 1 Gagandeep Singh K. (32, man) India suicide, died of heart attack due to a month-long hunger strike in prison in Wien (A) DerStandard/FRO/WIKO/Asyl in Not/RoterP

10/09/09 1 Hassan Rahimi (boy) Afghanistan suicide, unaccompanied minor who hanged himself in London (GB) as he feared eviction IRR

29/08/09 1 N.N. Maghreb manner of death unknown, died during boat trip, found in Granadilla, Tenerife Island (E) Diario de Noticia/ElDia/ABC/Verdad/DNG/Deia/gara.ne

28/08/09 1 N.N. (woman) Africa drowned during rescue operation in Birzebuggia coast (M) on her way from Africa Gara/MUGAK/NOB

25/08/09 1 Mahmum O (26, man) Iraq suicide, asylum seeker found hanging in prison cell in Nuremburg (D) four days earlier IRR

24/08/09 1 Mrs T. (32, woman) Libanon suicide, overdose to family being moved to an asylum seekers camp in Mittweida (D) ARI

20/08/09 72 N.N. (55 man; 17 woman) Eritrea bodies thrown overboard after 23 days traveling from Libya to Lampedusa (I) LR/CDS/GE/FE/MUGAK/EP/AFP/GARA/ANSA/Nouve

17/08/09 27 N.N. (1 man) Sub-Saharan Africa/Moroccodrowned,7 found, 20 missing, 10 survived, shipwreck near Trafalgar beach in southern Spain LatinAHTribune

16/08/09 1 Jasraj Singh Kataria (23 months) Afghanistan fell from third floor window of an unfitted accommodation provided by a UKBA contractor IRR

12/08/09 2 N.N. Turkey drowned, 2 died, motorboat sank off the coast of Kos Island (GR) on the way from TR FE/Picum/Cesdop/NOB

10/08/09 20 N.N. Somalia murdered, guards opened fire during their escape attempt from det. cr. in Banghazi (LY) FE/VOA

09/08/09 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, body found on hallway Brindisi-Lecce (I) thrown over truck with 17 survivors CDS/NOB

09/08/09 12 N.N. Somalia missing after Benghazi (LY) massacre by police, in detention centre along LY to Italy route FE/GiovaniE

09/08/09 6 N.N. Somalia killed by police in Benghazi massacre (LY), when prisoners tried to escape detention centre FE/GiovaniE

09/08/09 1 Heval Huseyn Ismail (28, man) Kurdistan suicide, failed asylum seeker who hanged himself in a South Shields park (GB) ShieldsG/IRR

08/08/09 12 N.N. unknown 1 died, 11 missing, boat collided with Algerian coast guard vessel in the port of Annaba (DZ) BBC/Migreurop/NOB

06/08/09 1 F.A. (27, woman) Morocco suicide, threw herself in the Brembo River in Bergamo (I) in fear of deportation LR/IRR

03/08/09 12 N.N. (1 man) Algeria drowned, 1 died, 11 missing, wooden boat capsized 4 miles from Cabo de Palos (E) EP/Verdad/ELM/RAZ/MUGAK

27/07/09 1 Arivan Osman Asis (20, man) Iraq murdered, beaten by border guards in his attempt to embark to reach I, died in GR hospital AFP

27/07/09 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, parts of a body found along la Fontanilla beach of Marbella Island (E) FE/SUR

25/07/09 1 Luis Beltran Larrosa (56, man) Uruguai died of heart attack in Tenerife (E), employer did not call for assistance as Luis was illegal Can7/VDG/ElDia/Publico

14/07/09 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died at the hospital of El Hierro, Canary Islands (E), after boat arrived in La Estaca harbour Verdad/Diario de Navarra

14/07/09 1 Azad Hayi (28, man) Kurdistan manslaughter, beaten by neonazis whilst returning to Möhlau asylum centre (D) at night taz

12/07/09 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa 1 died on board during travel, 1 died at the hospital of El Hierro (E) because of dehydration Publico/EP/Diario de Noticia/VDG/Gara/Verdad/Diario 01/07/09 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found 42 miles south of Cabo de Gata in Almeria (E) by Liberian ship PICUM

29/06/09 9 N.N. (3 women; 5 men; 1 child) Maghreb drowned, wooden boat collided with rocks off Barbate (E), traffickers imprisoned for murder PICUM/SUR/Publico/EP/ELM/Verdad/DiarioVasco/MN

23/06/09 1 Amir Rohol (19, boy) Afghanistan stowaway,fell from the truck he was hidden, died in hospital 3h later in Ancona (I) PICUM/LR/MP/NOB

19/06/09 1 N.N. (20, man) Ecuador suicide in a cell in Barcelona (E) hanging himself with his own shirt, arrested because illegal EP/AVUI/MUGAK

17/06/09 2 N.N. (men) Algeria 1drowned, 1missing after shipwreck due to storm waters 30 miles south Cartagena (E) LV/Verdad/PICUM/NOB

04/06/09 25 N.N. (men; women; 8 babies) Sub-Saharan Africa/Moroccomissing after their boat sank 10 miles off Tarifa, Cadiz (E) on the way from Tanger (MA) ABC/MUGAK/EP/ELM/LV/EFE/Diario de Navarra /GAR

03/06/09 34 N.N. Comoros reportedly drowned, boat hit a rock between Anjouan (Comoros) and Mayotte (F) Malango

03/06/09 1 M’manga Soule Comoros drowned, boat hit a rock between Anjouan (Comoros) and Mayotte (F) Malango 03/06/09 1 Atiki Comoros drowned, boat hit a rock between Anjouan (Comoros) and Mayotte (F) Malango

in Jun 09 1 N.N. (16, boy) unknown suicide after his asylum claim was rejected in asylum seeker accomodation Varmland (S) IRR

27/05/09 1 Mir Abbas Safari (36, man) Afghanistan suicide after 67 days in detention centre in Gavle (S) in fear of being deported IRR/UPP/NewsD

19/05/09 1 Jonathan Sizalina (20, man) Ecuador reported suicide using tshirt but guards reportedly beat him in Barcelona detention centre(E) SetDirecta/FAIV

19/05/09 1 N.N (man) Vietnam road accident, tried to jump onto moving truck on motorway in Teteghem (F) towards B VoixDuNord

07/05/09 1 N.N. (49, woman) Tunisia suicide in the detention centre of Ponte Gallera, in Roma (I) IlMess/IRR

in May 09 2 N.N. Somalia drowned whilst travelling from Turkey to Greece on Evros River (GR) MNS in May 09 1 N.N. Tunisia drowned whilst travelling from Turkey to Greece on Evros River (GR) MNS

30/04/09 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died in the hospital in Tarifa (E) after Spanish authorities blocked a boat from Tanger (MA) EFE/NOB

23/04/09 35 N.N. (26 men; 9 women) Africa drowned, bodies found after shipwreck 250 km east of Aden (Yemen) on way from Somalia MUGAK/Can7/EFE/UNHCR/LR/GARA

23/04/09 20 N.N. Africa missing after shipwreck, 250 km east of Aden (Yemen), coming from Somalia, 165 survivors MUGAK/Can7/EFE/UNHCR/LR/GARA

23/04/09 2 N.N. unknown reportedly died of hypothermia, found by Spanish authorities in the Strait of Gibraltar (E) MUGAK/EFE/Diario de Navarra/PICUM/EHAR/NOB

18/04/09 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa body found by Mauritanian guards on a boat near Nuadibu on way to Canary Islands (E) MUGAK/EFE/ElDia/Diario de Navarra

16/04/09 1 Esat Ekos (19, pregnant woman) Nigeria died during rescue operation, boat waited 4 days before to be allowed to reach Italian coasts MUGAK/TimesM/Diario de Navarra/Verdad/LR/PUN/VD

16/04/09 1 N.N. (fetus) Nigeria died during rescue operation, boat waited 4 days before to be allowed to reach Italian coasts MUGAK/TimesM/Diario de Navarra/Verdad/LR/PUN/VD

05/04/09 1 N.N. (26, man) Afghanistan stabbed after a brawl in Villemin square, Paris (F), where he lived as asylum seeker Reu/Ya.F/MSF/MRAP/CSE10/AFP

03/04/09 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) Africa bodies found on a boat reportedly from LY 60 km off Lampedusa’s Southern coast (I) ANSA/AVV/NOB

01/04/09 300 N.N. Algeria/ Somalia/ Nigeria/ Eritreadrowned, reportedly 3 boats capsized on way from Libya to presumely Italy VK/Zeit/MET

29/03/09 300 N.N. (69 women; 2 children) Somalia/Morocco/Syria/Nigeia/Eritrea/Algera/Tunisiadrowned, 21 bodies found, 3 boats sank due to stormy waters 30 km off LY on way to I ABC/MUGAK/Deia/DiariodeNavarra/DNG/APDHA/Berr

29/03/09 500 N.N. Somalia/Morocco/Syria/Nigera/Eritrea/Algeria/Tunisiamissing after 3 boats sank due to stormy waters 30 km off LY on way from Tripoli (LY) to I ABC/MUGAK/Deia/DiariodeNavarra/DNG/APDHA/Berr

29/03/09 1 N.N. (20, man) Iraq stowaway, dead under a Bulgarian lorry he hang on to pass the border in Ancona harbour (I) CDS/NOB

26/03/09 1 N.N. (20, man) Iraq asylum seeker was run over by a lorry in Venice harbor (I) reportedly trying to skip ID control CDS/ANSA/AdnK/NOB

23/03/09 1 Mazir (24, man) unknown found in Votanikos stream near Aliens Bureau in Athens (GR), stayed in coma for 3 months NR/IRR

22/03/09 2 N.N. Maghreb missing when Spanish patrol transfered the passengers from their boat off Cabo de Gata (E) MUGAK/EFE/PUB/NOB

19/03/09 67 N.N. Africa 17 deaths, 50 missing, after shipwreck near to Sfax (TN) on the way from Libya to Italy LS/FE/ANSA/Ach/AFP/LSW/NOB

19/03/09 1 Salah Soudami (42, man) Algeria reportedly beaten on the Ponte Gallierra det. cr. Roma (I) after refusal of medical treatment CARTA/ElW

17/03/09 1 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa body washed ashore on the beach Linea de la Concepcion, Cadiz (E) MUGAK/DNA/SUR/PUB/EFE/ELM/NOB

16/03/09 11 N.N. (7 men; 4 women) Nigeria died of thirst in the LY-Niger desert trying to reach I, left there by Libyan authorities NOB/LR

06/03/09 1 N.N. (±20, man) Africa tangled in razor wire trying to jump a border fence from Morocco to Ceuta (E) REU/NOB

in Mar 09 14 N.N. (1 pregnant woman) Nigeria, Africa died giving birth with 13 more in Oran’s desert (AR) after got lost ran out of fuel and water FE/NAN/NT/ODILI

21/02/09 1 N.N. Africa died when vessel tried to land near Montril (E); 34 migrants survived NOB/REU

15/02/09 2 N.N. (woman; pregnant woman) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz

15/02/09 1 N.N. (8 months, foetus) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz

15/02/09 19 N.N. (15 boys; 4 girls) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz

15/02/09 4 N.N. (men) Maghreb drowned after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz

15/02/09 1 N.N. Maghreb missing after boat crashed with a rock and sank 20 metres from Lanzarote’s coast (E) Can7/ABC/Publico/ELM/DiariodeNoticias/Deia/EP/Raz

02/02/09 3 N.N. (men) Gambia reportedly dehydration, died after 4 days without water or food in boat near Canary Isl. (E) ABC/EP/MUGAK/ELM/Diario de Navarra/SUR/Can7/E in Feb 09 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in boat drifting for 2 days near the coast of Motril (E) with 34 survivors AFP/MAG

31/01/09 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa body found by Moroccan navy in boat sailing near the coasts of Al Hoceima (MA) Can7/MUGAK

29/01/09 8 N.N. Tunisia drowned, shipwreck due to storm waters in Tunisi’s Bay (TN) ANSA

28/01/09 5 N.N. unknown bodies washed ashore on the coasts near the town of Bodrum (TR) AFP/REU/NOB

22/01/09 1 Vivede (19, woman) Nigeria died of burns and exposure after sailing by boat from Africa to Lampedusa (I) LR/ASCA

21/01/09 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in the boat with 53 survivors on Cala Pisana’s beach, Lampedusa (I) LR/MP/AdnK/ANSA/NOB

21/01/09 8 N.N. Libya reportedly frozen to death on the sailing from Libya to Lampedusa (I) LR/CDS

19/01/09 30 N.N. (±25) Tunisia missing, after boat of 35 capsized off the coast of Tunisia on way to Italy LR/FE/LPC/PICUM/APDHA/CDS/AEDH/LIDU

19/01/09 1 N.N. (48, man) Sri Lanka frozen to death, body found under the Vittorio Emanuele Gallery in Messina (I) Ansa

14/01/09 4 N.N. (±25) Algeria reportedly missing after the boat capsized for motor problems after leaving Kristel (DZ) QUOTI/FE

13/01/09 1 N.N. (18 months, child) unknown drowned off Syros Island (GR), after boat carrying 19 migrants capsized FE/KI/NOB

10/01/09 4 N.N. (women) Senegal drowned, transferred to canoe after abandoning boat trip to (E), capsized off Senegal coast NOB/FE

09/01/09 1 N.N. (man) unknown run over by the truck he was hanged on to pass the border in Ancona (I) harbour Adnk

07/01/09 1 N.N. (30, man) Afghanistan stabbed in fight between migrants attempting to get aboard the lorry to UK in Calais (F) Telegraph/Mail Online/Evening Standard/PICUM/Cong

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 6

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

03/01/09 1 Hussein Zahidul (24, man) Bangladesh manner of death unknown, body found in a ditch in Votanikos (GR), near the Aliens Bureau KI/IRR/MNS

01/01/09 1 Alino (29, man) Cameroon died on way to hospital in Nador (MA) after being shot by border guards in Farhana (E/MA) AI/Diversity/MUGAK/Connect/EP/Tribuna/ELM/LV/ELC in Jan 09 12 N.N. (±25) Algeria reportedly missing, left Arzew’s coast (DZ) on 2 January in bad weather conditions QUOTI/FE

in 2009 1 Jonson Ibitui (man) Nigeria heart attack from stress, soon after his release from 1 year’s det in Busmantsi centre (BG) GloDP/IRR

24/12/08 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in an advanced state of decomposition by a fisherman near off Melilla’s coast (E) MUGAK/Publico/SUR/NOB

18/12/08 7 N.N. Somalia/Mauritania drowned, 3 found, 4 missing, dinghy sank due to bad weather in Aegean Sea on way to GR PICUM/AFP/ANSA/NOB

10/12/08 1 Rezai Mahumut (13, boy) Afghanistan was run over by the wheels of the lorry while clinching to it in Mestre, Venice (I) CDS/ST/EpolisR/NOB

07/12/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in a boat rescued by the Spanish authorities near Arguineguin, Canary Isl. (E) Publico/NOB

06/12/08 4 N.N. (3 men; 1 woman) Palestine drowned after dinghy sank off Ayvalik (TR), bodies were pulled from the water, 23 survivors KI/FE/PICUM/NOB

06/12/08 1 N.N. (4, child) unknown drowned, dinghy sank trying to cross the sea between TR and Samos Island (GR) EarthT/PICUM/NOB

02/12/08 1 Hamid al-Amrani (12, boy) Morocco suicide, father was repratiated, hanged himself with bathrobe belt in Madrid care centre (E) AOL/Publico/Terra/ABC/adn/EPress/Kaoenlared/ASSI/

02/12/08 1 Duy Nguyen (25, man) Vietnam stowaway, died from hypothermia in the back of a lorry traveling from France to GB IRR

25/11/08 2 N.N. unknown bodies found in a refrigerator truck with other 30 hidden people in a southern GR coastline FE/IntHeraldTribune/NOB

21/11/08 21 N.N. unknown drowned, after shipwreck near the French island of Mayotte N24/AFP/NOB

19/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa died of heart attack in hospital after boat was intercepted near to Canary coast (E) ABC/AFP

13/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa missing, fell into the sea during rescue operation 9 miles south Lampedusa (I) FE/AdnK/UnSarda/LS/NOB

12/11/08 6 N.N. (4 men; 2 women) Sub-Saharan Africa found by Algerian authorities in an advanced state of decomposition in Ardrar (S.E. Sahara) PICUM/MNS/AlgerieMonde

11/11/08 3 N.N. (1 adult; 2 minors) Africa 1 died on the boat, 1 when arrived to El Hierro coast (E) and 1 in the hospital one week later ElDia/Top News/ABC/FE/PICUM/Mugak/EFE/gara.net/

10/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died in La Candelaria’s hospital, in Tenerife (E), 5 days after his boat was intercepted ElDia/Top News/ABC/FE

05/11/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa found by boat in advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Birzebbugia (M) TimesM

02/11/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa body found in an advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Delimara (M) TimesM/NOB

02/11/08 1 Mohammed Ali (80, man) Iraq died from lung cancer after being denied treatment although he was living legally in GB IRR

01/11/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa body found in an advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Delimara (M) TimesM/NOB

29/10/08 3 N.N. (2 adults; 1 minor) Sub-Saharan Africa 2 found in boat at La Gomera’s coast (E), 1 died of hypothermia later in hospital EP/NOB

29/10/08 2 N.N. unknown drowned, recovered by Greek border police in eastern Aegean facing the Turkish coast PICUM

26/10/08 1 Muhammad Asraf Pakistan injured in police violence, in asylum seekers queue outside Aliens’ directorate in Athens (GR) ECRE/ST/Vluchteling/IRR/MNS

23/10/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa found by boat in advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea between M and LY TimesM

23/10/08 1 N.N. (17) Albania drowned in a southern Albanian lagoon close to Greece after overloaded boat capsized FE/Javno/NOB

23/10/08 2 N.N. (young people) Albania drowned in a southern Albanian lagoon close to Greece after overloaded boat capsized Javno

20/10/08 1 N.N. (22, woman) Albania drowned in a lagoon in Southern AL after boat capsized trying to avoid police checkpoint Reu/Picum/Javno/NOB

20/10/08 1 N.N. (3 months, baby) Albania drowned in a lagoon in Southern AL after boat capsized trying to avoid police checkpoint Reu/Picum/Javno/NOB

20/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa manner of death unknown, body found on boat with 92 survivors arriving in Gran Canaria (E) NOB/TySp

20/10/08 1 N.N. unknown killed, shot by Libyan civilian as his migrant boat left Libya for Europe HRW

19/10/08 1 N.N. (60, woman) France suicide, set herself on fire to protest against the deportation of her Armenian partner SP

18/10/08 1 N.N. (woman) Africa body found in advanced state of decomposition in Mediterranean Sea, off Delimara (M) TimesM

12/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Serbia suicide in the Vottem det. cr. (B) after hearing his asylum claim had been rejected IRR/MNS/GRAPPE/CRACPE/VRF

10/10/08 23 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) Zimbabwe drowned, boat sank on way from Anjouan to Mayotte (F), 3 bodies found and 20 missing Malango

07/10/08 50 N.N. Africa drowned, boat capsized due to stormy waters in Kenitra (MA) MNS/NOB

06/10/08 2 N.N. (men) Iraq drowned, found between Evros River delta and Alexandroupolis port (GR) by fishing boat NOB/KI

05/10/08 18 N.N. Pakistan, Myanmar stowaways, died from asphyxiation in a track from Istanbul (TR) to GR after traffic accident Picum/Nt7/TodZam/NOB

05/10/08 4 N.N. (3 men, 1 boy) Iraq drowned, bodies found between Evros River delta and Alexandroupolis port (GR) NOB/KI

05/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Morocco stowaway, struck by car after falling off the truck he was hidden under on highway A381 (E) NOB/EP

05/10/08 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa stowaway, body found by Civil Guard in Melilla, was hiding in car compartment to enter Spain NOB/Verdad

04/10/08 2 N.N. (men) unknown decomposing bodies found by Rescue Guard along coast between Estepona and Casares (E) NOB/Sur 02/10/08 1 N.N. (man) Iraq drowned, body found by fishermen pulling in the nets near the shore of Alexandroupolis (GR) NOB/KI in Oct 08 1 N.N. (40, man) Vietnam suicide, hanged himself in detention centre in Bautzen (D) as he feared deportation IRR/ARI in Oct 08 2 N.N. (children) unknown drowned, bodies discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB in Oct 08 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, body discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB in Oct 08 6 N.N. Iraq drowned, bodies discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB in Oct 08 11 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies discovered by GR and TR authorities in north of Aegean sea PICUM/NOB

27/09/08 4 N.N. (2 men) 2 Georgia, 2 unknown accidentally entered a minefield in Kastanea near Evros (GR), on the way to GR from Turkey NOB/KI

12/09/08 25 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of thirst, found in advanced state of decomposition by Algerian apolice in Sahara (DZ) MNS

11/09/08 13 N.N. Africa bodies thrown overboard during the travel from Libya’s coast to Portopalo, Sicily (I) RAI/FE/NOB

08/09/08 33 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died on the way to Canary Isl. (E), survivors were found by Moroccan sea patrol PICUM/EP/NOB

08/09/08 21 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa missing in the mined Sahara-Mauritanian border after been abandoned by Moroccan authority PICUM/EP

07/09/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown heart attack in hospital, he arrived by boat in La Gomera (E) with other 117 migrants NOB/EP 06/09/08 1 Solyman Rashed (man) Iraq killed by car bomb in Kirkuk (Iraq) 2 weeks after voluntary repatriation from GB IRR

05/09/08 1 N.N. (26, man) Algeria reportedly drowned on way to I, body found at Oued Saboun beach near Skikda (DZ) NOB/FE

02/09/08 1 Frank Odame (36, man) Ghana died after falling from third floor of a tower block raided by police and immigration officials Guardian Un./IRR/INDgb/4wardUK/JCWI in Sep 08 12 N.N. unknown drowned, shipwreck due to stormy waters , bodies found in Valletta (Malta) ANSA, Jw/NOB in Sep 08 1 Baj Singh (man, 33) India crashed by truck in Trent Vale (GB) hiding under truck’s wheel Ndtv/IRR in Sep 08 4 N.N. (± 27, men) unknown bodies found in state of decomposition near the coast of Vega Baja de Alicante (E) MNS/Picum

in Sep 08 13 N.N. Ghana, Niger, Nigeria drowned, thrown still alive into sea near Sicilian coasts (I) AFP/Picum/jW

in Sep 08 14 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa 13 bodies found in the boat, 1 later in Arguineguin (E) after 12 days of trip from Mauritania ABC/MUGAK/PrensaLibre/ElDia/NOB/jW/VK

01/09/08 1 N.N. (32, man) Zimbabwe died from tuberculosis after medical neglect from staff of Colnbrook removal centre (GB) IRR

30/08/08 14 N.N. Algeria reportedly drowned, boat capsized in stormy waters between Algeria and Sardinia (I) NOB/FE 28/08/08 5 N.N. Tunisia reportedly drowned, boat sank near Zembra off Sidi Daud (TN), on way to Italy NOB

26/08/08 20 N.N. Africa at least 20 bodies thrown overboard to prevent boar from sinking on the way from MA to E SP/JW

25/08/08 61 N.N. (men) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Sudandrowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/

25/08/08 4 N.N. (foetus) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Sudandrowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/

25/08/08 4 N.N. (women) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Sudandrowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/

25/08/08 4 N.N. (pregnant women) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Sudandrowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/

25/08/08 1 N.N. (child) Eritrea/Ghana/Somalia/Sudandrowned, the dinghy capsized near Malta’s coasts on way from Libya Telegraph/MaltaIndependent/Ia/PICUM/MNS/LR/NOB/

24/08/08 1 Kalkouli Amin Algeria caught on boat in Algiers (DZ), was pushed and fell 15m onto bunker, died from injuries FE/SoirInfo

23/08/08 56 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration in the Sahara Desert after 10 days of journey ran out of water and fuel CMG

21/08/08 35 N.N. (men; women; children) Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation, 25 survivors, boat found after living from Moroccan Coast to Almeria (E) BBC/NYtimes/GuardianUn/PICUM/MSN/NOB

18/08/08 1 N.N. Somalia drowned, boat capsized off Didim town (TR), 31 other Somalian rescued by TR guardcoast HURRIYET/NOB 10/08/08 1 Hussein Ali (35, man) Kurdistan suicide, shot himself in his home in Sulaimania, Kurdistan days after being deported from GB IRR

05/08/08 1 N.N. (man) unknown manner of death unknown, body found on the coast of Aguadu of Melilla (E) in North Africa NOB/DiarioSur

05/08/08 1 Nadir Zarabee (man) unknown suicide, found hanged in GB after being asked to leave his home provided by the NASS IRR

03/08/08 1 Mohammad Hussain (36, man) Iraq died of cancer after medical neglect from the staff of Lindholme removal centre (GB) IRR

02/08/08 1 N.N. (5, boy) Africa drowned, part of his body found in sea near Motril (E), likely to be travelling from Maghreb NOB/Ideal in Aug 08 75 N.N. Somalia missing, reportedly drowned on the way from Libya to Italy on two boats had faulty engines Mareeg

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 7

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Aug 08 2 N.N. (children) Nigeria died of starvation, they were thrown overboard by their father in the Mediterranean sea (I) Ua

in Aug 08 1 Adam Osman Mohammed (32,m) Sudan shot by militia in Calgoo, Sudan, where he returned when asylum claim was refused in GB MNS/Independent/WP/Spits/Telegraph

31/07/08 14 N.N. (2 pregnant women) Nigeria drowned, shipwreck on way to Spanish coasts due to stormy waters Ua/Raz/Mugak

31/07/08 3 N.N. (2 women; 1 man) Africa/Iraq drowned, bodies washed ashore during Armed Forces rescue in seas between M and LY NOB/TimesM

31/07/08 1 N.N. (fetus) unknown drowned, mother brought ashore dead during rescue operation in waters between M and LY NOB/TimesM

30/07/08 13 N.N. Pakistan stowaways, suffocated in overcrowded truck, bodies dumped in Istanbul field (TR) HURRIYET/NOB

29/07/08 7 N.N. unknown drowned, after shipwreck near Lampedusa (I) Picum/LR/NOB

25/07/08 1 N.N. Africa manner of death unknown, body found in boat carrying 79 migrants in La Gomera Island (E) NOB/MAC

23/07/08 24 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, 6 dead, 18 missing, boat sank between Mayotte (F) and Comoros Isl. NOB/France24

23/07/08 1 Mansour Habib (24, man) Eritrea stabbed, by gang attacking migrant camp in Norrent-Fontes, near Calais (F) Terred’errance

22/07/08 1 N.N. (±4, child) unknown found in an advanced state of decomposition on the river Algarrobo, Malaga (E) EP/NOB

20/07/08 1 N.N. (3, girl) Nigeria died of starvation, body thrown overboard during the way to Italy Reu

19/07/08 1 N.N. (boy) Nigeria died of starvation, body thrown overboard during the way to Italy Reu/Picum

18/07/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa manner of death unknown, decomposed body recovered from the sea off Malta TimesM/NOB

16/07/08 1 David S. (23, man) Armenia suicide, cut wrists in Nuremburg(D) prison cell, was to be deported/separated from parents ARI

14/07/08 28 N.N. Africa drowned, 3 died, 25 missing, as boat capsized in stormy seas near Lampedusa (I) NOB/ItalyMAG/VK

14/07/08 1 N.N. (man) Iraq road accident, found on highway at Transmarck (F), where stowaways often embark for GB Libelille

11/07/08 5 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration and hypothermia, bodies found on a boat that landed in La Gomera (E) IntHeraldTribune/NOB/VK/MUGAK

11/07/08 11 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies thrown overboard on the way to La Gomera (E) GARA/FE

10/07/08 15 N.N. (9 children) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly died of starvation, bodies found in Almeria (E) Nation/IntHeraldTribune/Ia/Picum/MSN/NOB

10/07/08 3 N.N. (women) Africa drowned, after their boat capsized off coast of MaltaPicum/FE/TOM/NOB

10/07/08 1 N.N. (fetus) Africa drowned, after the boat capsized off coast of Malta Picum/FE/TOM/NOB

07/07/08 14 N.N. (9 men; 4 women; 1 baby) Africa drowned after their vessel turned over off the coast of Motril, Granada (E) MNS/EP/PICUM/NOB 04/07/08 1 N.N. (man) Iraq stowaway, found on a Greek ferry in the port of Venice (I) under truck where he was hidden Reu./Picum/NOB in Jul 08 13 N.N. Myanmar, Pakistan stowaways, died from asphyxiation in a track from Istanbul (TR) to GR after traffic accident TodZam

01/07/08 37 N.N. West Africa drowned, wrecked boat and bodies found on seafront off Libreville, Gabon on way to Europe NOB/REU

29/06/08 1 N.N. (man) Africa no medical care despite his friends called guards for help, died in det. cr. of Caltanisetta (I) PICUM/TL

27/06/08 1 N.N. (±40, man) Iraq stowaway, suffocated in a cucumber truck, found on ferry in Venice (I) coming from Greece NOB/UNSarda

26/06/08 3 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat shipwrecked 32 miles south off Malta NOB/FE

22/06/08 1 N.N. (±30, man) Iraq stowaway, died of starvation in a lorry sailing on a ferry from Patrasso (GR) to Venice (I) CDS/LR/NOB

21/06/08 1 Abdel Karem Souli (41, man) Tunesia died of heart attack in Det. Cr. Vincennes (F) after calls for assistance were ignored for 2 h. Mrap/IRR/BTB/Libération

18/06/08 4 N.N. unknown died in hospital in Tenerife Island (E) the day after their boat arrived, 78 survivors NOB/Diario de Navarra

15/06/08 6 N.N. (adults, children) Somalia drowned, boat sank 50 km south of Malta, 28 survivors rescued by Italian fishing boat NOB/LR

15/06/08 1 N.N. (baby) Somalia dead at birth due to travel hardships, mother was rescued from shipwreck 50 km from Malta NOB/TEMPO

12/06/08 1 N.N. (man) Somalia shot dead in detention centre in Kirklareli (TR) during a riot against detention conditions NOB/HURRIYET

12/06/08 1 Alex Darkwah Oppong (41, man) unknown jumped out of window when asylum-seeker centre set on fire in Klangenfurt, Carinthia (A) Falter

10/06/08 2 N.N. Afghanistan/Pakistan died in accident, when bus carrying stowaways overturned in Dogubayazit (TR), 18 survivors NOB/HaberT

10/06/08 15 N.N. Somalia/Eritrea drowned, boat capsized due to bad rescue operation by Italian Coastguard 56 miles off Malta NOB/LR/EB/GuidaS/ANSA

07/06/08 149 N.N. Algeria, Bangladesh, Egypt, Moroccodrowned after boat sunk in the Mediterranean Sea near Tunisia CDS/Giornale/Stampa/LR/SD/PICUM/NOB/NOB

05/06/08 13 N.N. Africa drowned after boat sank at 50 km off Libyan coasts, due to stormy waters CDS/SP/NOB

05/06/08 1 Andy Bestman (24, man) Nigeria drowned, jumped into the Rhine while fleeing police close to Basel (CH) SSF

in Jun 08 6 N.N. Somalia drowned after boat sunk due to stormy waters near Malta LR/SD

in Jun 08 3 N.N. (2 men; 1 woman) unknown drowned after their boat sank when Italian fishing ship tried to rescue them off Italian coasts HNS

26/05/08 2 N.N. (men) Tunesia stowaways, died of suffocation while traveling by boat from the port of Sfax (TN) Sh/NOB/IRR

26/05/08 5 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized in rough seas 85 miles south east of Malta, 13 survivors NOB/TimesM

25/05/08 3 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration 1mile off Grand Canaria (E), 2 died in boat, 1 in hospital (E), 65 survived NOB/FE/ABC

24/05/08 1 Hassan Nejl (38, man) Morocco no medical care, died of pneumonia not cured by doctors of detention centre Brunelleschi (I) LR/MP

23/05/08 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body found by Italian Coast Guard off Pozzalo near Ragusa, Sicily (I) NOB/AdnK

22/05/08 1 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, body found in the sea 50 miles from Malta TimesM/NOB

22/05/08 2 N.N. Algeria drowned whilst attempting to reach Spain, bodies found in sea close to Cherchell (DZ) NOB/FE

20/05/08 12 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, 2 found, 10 missing off Malta’s sea NOB/TimesM

10/05/08 47 N.N. Africa died of starvation and cold after the engine of their boat broke down (TN) Reu/Ftcr/EP/NOB

05/05/08 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, car he was transported in crashed after being chased by police in Xanthi (GR) NOB/KI

04/05/08 1 Hamidur Rahman (31, man) Bangladesh suicide, took 40 antidepressant pills in Birkenfeld (D) as latest asylum claim was rejected ARI

01/05/08 1 Ebenizer Folefack Sontsa (32,m) Cameroon suicide, hanged himself in sanitary room of det. cr. Merksplas (B) in fear of deportation Hln/IRR/Afrik/MNS/Indymedia/NOB in May 08 1 N.N. (man) Syria hit by a car in Nicosia’s motorway (CY) when he was running to escape an inmigration swoop IRR/AFP/NOB in May 08 1 Lucy Kirma (woman) unknown suicide, starved herself to death in asylum seekers’ house (GB) after being denied asylum IRR

28/04/08 36 N.N. (2 women, 4 babies) Nigeria (24), Cameroon (9)drowned, Morocco’s border guards broke with a knife the rubber dinghy (MA) FE/Welt/ST/MNS/Picum/Reu/APDHA/MB/BBC/NOB

23/04/08 4 N.N. (men) Iran, Syria drowned, forced by Turkish police to swim across the river that separates TR and Iraq Unhcr

22/04/08 17 N.N. (men) Tunesia 14 missing, 3 bodies found on board a boat from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS/NOB

22/04/08 1 Hamza Ben Hammadi (21, man) Tunesia drowned, body washed ashore, found in Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS

22/04/08 1 Mohamed Dalhoum (24, man) Tunesia drowned, body washed ashore, found in Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS

22/04/08 1 Rachid Jebeniani (22, man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS 22/04/08 1 Abdelmounim Douiri (27, man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD

22/04/08 1 Maalek Zarga (21, man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD

22/04/08 1 Mourad Jlassi (man) Tunesia missing, trying to cross the sea to Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD

22/04/08 1 Mohamed Jebeniani (22, man) Tunesia missing, unknown reason of death while trying to reach Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/HNS/CPD 22/04/08 1 Ayman Ben Taieb Hassine(17,m) Tunesia missing, unknown reason of death while trying to reach Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS

22/04/08 1 N.N. (man) Tunesia drowned, body washed ashore; trying to reach Europe from Aouled al-Mabrouk (TN) Ftcr/CPD/HNS

22/04/08 1 Ruslan Yatskevich (32, man) Belarus found in wood near Zella-Mehlis det. centre (D) after staff gave him false deportation threat jW/Karawane

21/04/08 2 N.N. Ivory Coast stowaways, found on British container ship from Ivory Coast to Vigo port (E), 11 survivors NOB/EarthT

15/04/08 1 Robert Weniaminov (43, man) Armenia depression, not given work permit, developed alcoholism whilst waiting for asylum decision ARI

08/04/08 2 N.N. unknown missing, boat sank close to the the island M’Tsamboro off Mayotte (F) Malango

07/04/08 16 N.N. (±23) Algeria drowned, coast guard found 11, 5 still missing in Arzew’s coast (DZ) KH/FE/NOB

06/04/08 16 N.N. (±20, men) Algeria drowned, 13 found, 3 missing, vessel sunk after leaving from Mers el Hedjadj beach (DZ) MNS/Picum/FE

04/04/08 1 Baba Traoré (29, man) Mali died of heart attack after jumping into river Marne in Paris (F) to avoid a police identy check IRR/20Mf in Apr 08 7 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died after deportation in Oujda’s (MA) camp due to inhuman conditions FE in Apr 08 1 Shirazi Abdullah Juma (man) Tanzania suicide, set himself on fire in detention center of Luxembourg ASTI

30/03/08 1 Alfredo Castano-Fuentes (24,m) Ghana suicide, found hanged at Pentonville prison (GB), sentenced for having a fake passport IRR/BBC/OBS

29/03/08 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb body found in a fishing platform in Melilla (E) reportedly after swiming from Beni Enzar (MA) MUGAK/Sur/EFE

29/03/08 1 N.N. (30, man) Vietnam suicide, jumped from 19th floor of building in Berlin (D) after asylum claim rejected ARI

23/03/08 1 Abdi Daud (40, man) Somalia no medical care, he got high dosages of cortisone in detention centre FG II in Zurich (CH) NR/AugenAufCH

19/03/08 1 Ama Sumani (39, woman) Ghana died in Ghana of cancer after being removed from hospital (GB) because visa expired BBC/WIK/Independent/Times/IRR

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 8

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

19/03/08 40 N.N. Egypt/Senegal/Nigeria/Somalia/Tunisiaat least 40 drowned, overloaded boat sank near Zawia’s coast (LY) on way to Lampedusa (I) FE/CDS

14/03/08 4 N.N. Palestine drowned, shipwreck near Iskenderun’s Kale village (TR) due to strong wind, 3 survivors TP/NOB

05/03/08 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa unknown death’s reasons, found 2 bodies on boat carrying 59 travellers in Canary Isl. (E) TySp/NOB/MPG/JA/NOB in Mar 08 1 Ahmad Mahmud El Sabah (man) Egypt no medical care, died lacking adequate health treatment in det. boat Rotterdam (NL) Statewatch/IN/IKN in Mar 08 1 Ayse Abdurrahman (woman) Somalia drowned, after boat capsized off Turkish coast near Didim town trying to reach Europe Xi/NOB in Mar 08 5 N.N. Somalia drowned, after boat capsized off Turkish coast near Didim town trying to reach Europe Xi/NOB in Mar 08 1 Youcef (25, man) Algeria drowned, found in harbor of Bethioua (DZ), trying to reach Europe by boat QUOTI/NOB in Mar 08 1 Bilal (22, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB in Mar 08 1 Nabil (25, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB in Mar 08 1 Omar (24, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB in Mar 08 1 Boubekeur (24, man) Algeria missing, trying to cross the sea to Spain, came from Bethioua’s village (DZ) QUOTI/NOB in Mar 08 3 N.N. (±25) Algeria missing, disappeared trying to reach Europe crossing Mediterranean sea QUOTI/NOB in Mar 08 3 N.N. (±30, men) Algeria missing, left from Mostaganem (DZ) to reach Spain, all from Tiaret city (DZ) FE/QUOTI in Mar 08 1 N.N. (±25, man) Algeria drowned, his body found and repatriated from Spain, he was from Rahouia city (DZ) FE/QUOTI in Mar 08 1 N.N. (23, man) Algeria drowned, left from Algeria to reach Spain, he was from Tiaret city (DZ) FE/QUOTI

18/02/08 1 Barhan Ahmed (28, man) Iraq suicide, set himself on fire in Nelson (GB), depression after his asylum claim was refused IRR

15/02/08 1 John Maina (20, man) Kenya suicide, after failed asylum claim in Meudon, a western suburb of Paris (F) MNS/IRR

06/02/08 1 N.N. (28, man) India stowaway, hanging on underside of touristic bus was crushed from bus’ weels in Spain AP/MUGAK/SUR

06/02/08 1 Mohammed Ahmedi (18, man) Iraq died in hospital of heart condition as social workers attempted to clarify immigration status IRR

05/02/08 1 N.N. (man, 28) India crushed in Ceuta (E) by the wheels of a tour bus under he was hiding to cross Gibraltar MNS/NOB

03/02/08 1 Rachid Abdelsalam (man) Algeria no medical care, died in detention of heart failure, treated with wrong medicine (NL) Statewatch/VG/SCH/Dag

02/02/08 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned, body found on the coast of Barranco Hondo in Tarifa (E) TySp/NOB

29/01/08 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, decomposing body found in ship served Patras-Igoumenitsa-Venice route KI/NOB

29/01/08 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned, body found in la Luz Coast (E) after shipwreck off Conil de la Frontera (E) TySp/NOB

23/01/08 1 N.N. (30, man) Algeria manner of death unknown, body found on the beach of La Marsa (TR) QUOTI/NOB

23/01/08 17 N.N. Maghreb drowned, 2 found, 15 missing, after boat sank one meter off the shore of Conil (E) EP/MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/ELM/APDHA/Sur/EFE

22/01/08 1 N.N. (14, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, crushed to death in Panighina (I), hanging on underside of lorry from Greece romagnaoggi/NOB/FE

22/01/08 8 N.N. unknown drowned, 2 found, 6 missing, vessel carrying 32 migrants capsized off Luz’s coast (E) Picum/NOB

15/01/08 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, fell into the frozen waters of Evros River (GR) after small boat sank KI/ANA/PICUM/HR

12/01/08 3 N.N. Africa starvation, boat with 3 dead bodies arrived in Canary Island (E), carrying 88 migrants EP/MFS/PICUM/NOB

10/01/08 1 N.N. (man) Somalia murdered, swam in search of help but captain of the boat threw him overboard (I) LR/NOB

04/01/08 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) Maghreb drowned, bodies found floating near the coasts of Barbate (E) Verdad/MUGAK/EP

01/01/08 9 N.N. (±23, 8 men; 1 woman) Maghreb drowned, after boat capsized near the beach of Cadiz (E) EP/MUGAK/APDHA/PICUM/NOB

01/01/08 1 N.N. (28, man) Tunisia suicide on detention centre Berlin Grunau (D) after asylum claim was rejected MNS/IN/jW/IRR in Jan 08 8 N.N. (±20, men) Morocco drowned, bodies found near Los Barrios (E), relatives identified 3 bodies EP

30/12/07 1 Mohamed Mechergui (28, man) Tunisia rejected asylum seeker hanged himself with his shoes laces in Berlin Köpenick (D) det. cr. IRR/ARI

28/12/07 1 N.N. (man) Georgia drowned, after ship capsized near Evros (GR), 20 survivors, 7 swam to the TR side IntHeraldTribune/NOB

26/12/07 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on board a boat intercepted near E from yachts participating to regatta EP

25/12/07 1 Abdullah ‘Joker’ Idris (18, man) Sudan suicide, asylum seeker facing deportation, hanged himself in prison cell in Chelmsford (GB) Inquest/IRR

23/12/07 1 N.N. unknown reason of death unknown, a fisherman found a body near Lesvos (GR) TDN/NOB

17/12/07 8 N.N. Afghanistan/Iran/Mauritaniadrowned, overloaded boat sank in the Aegean Sea off Bodrum (TR) on way to Kos (GR) TDN/KI/Ya.D/NOB

13/12/07 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, reportedly fell from wheel bay of plane found in garden in Val d’Oise (F) MNS

12/12/07 7 N.N. Morocco drowned, 3 found, 4 missing, 19 rescued by a gas carrier 30 ml off Cap Falcon (DZ) NOB/FE/QUOTI

11/12/07 1 Kamal X (28, man) Iran died after setting himself on fire in Amberg (D) IRR/ARI

09/12/07 1 N.N. unknown body found on board a boat that arrived in EL Hierro (E) EP/NOB

09/12/07 50 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa 6 found, 44 missing, shipwreck off Dakhla (MA), on way from Mauritania to Canary Isl. (E) EP/FE/NOB

08/12/07 86 N.N. Iraq/Palestine/Somalia 51 found, 35 missing, drowned off Seferihisar (TR) after their overloaded boat sank ICARE/BBC/GuardianUN/SP/TheGlobe/DPS/IntHerald

08/12/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) unknown reportedly drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition, wearing life jacket QUOTI

08/12/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown found in advanced state of decomposition on board of boat in Dakar on way to E SudQ

07/12/07 1 N.N. unknown body found on boat that landed on Crete (GR), the vessel disembarked from Egypt AthensNewsAgency/NOB

07/12/07 1 N.N. (24, man) unknown suicide, asylum seeker set himself on fire in the Town Hall of Haren (NL) NRC/Nopoliceraid/AD

04/12/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on board of vessel that landed on Los Cristianos de Tenerife (E) with 51 survivors MUGAK/EP/NOB

04/12/07 2 N.N. unknown body found on vessel that landed on Los Cristianos de Tenerife (E) with 37 survivors MUGAK/EP/ABC/Diario de Noticias/NOB

04/12/07 10 N.N. Comoros Islands drowned, 2 found, 8 missing, boat collided with French police ship near Mayotte Isl. (F) Le Monde/NOB

03/12/07 10 N.N. Algeria drowned, 9 found, 1missing, boat collided with Dutch cargoship during rescue operation (I) MNS/VK/NOB 02/12/07 40 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of hunger and thirst, bodies thrown overboard on way from Senegal to Europe MNS/VK/NOB in Dec 07 50 N.N. Africa drowned, 6 found, 44 missing, boat capsized on way from Mauritania to Canary Isl. (E) DPA/MNS/EP

29/11/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) unknown reportedly drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition near Marsa sea (M) QUOTI/NOB

29/11/07 2 N.N. unknown bodies found by Galican fishing boat which rescued 48 people from a boat near El Hierro (E) NOB/TySp

17/11/07 1 Avtar Singh (37, man) India suicide, found dead in prison, 7 months sentence for false passport, was due to be deported IRR

16/11/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown shot to death in the stomach during a police check for illegal migrants in Pyla, Cyprus (CY) TDN/IRR/MNS/NOB

14/11/07 36 N.N. unknown drowned, 30 missing, 6 found in shore of Sidi Ifni (MA), ship sank on way from MA to E Can7/NOB

10/11/07 3 N.N. (2 men; 1 woman) unknown bodies found at Alboran on Andalusian coast (E) ABC/MUGAK/NOB

09/11/07 58 N.N. (young people) Gambia drowned, after boat was engulfed with fire on way from Banjul (Gambia) to Spain Afrol/APDA/MUGAK/ELM/Diario de Noticias/LV/Canari

09/11/07 5 N.N. unknown died in the hospital of Nuadibu (Mauritania), part of group with 49 thrown overboard ABC

08/11/07 1 N.N. unknown shot and killed by border guard trying to cross into northwestern Greece Reu./PICUM

07/11/07 52 N.N. Gambia/Mali/Senegal/Guineadied of starvation and dehydration, boat motor broke down on way from Senegal to E ELM/DiarioVasco/Diario de Navarra/MNS/Diario de No in Nov 07 1 N.N. (man) Ivory Coast inanimate body washed ashore near Ghazaouet (DZ) QUOTI

in Nov 07 1 Eid Shaaban (37, man) Egypt drowned after shipwreck on way from Egypt to Italy, familiars identified the body LAT in Nov 07 57 N.N. (men) Egypt drowned after shipwreck on way from Alexandria (Egypt) to Italy LAT

29/10/07 17 N.N. unknown drowned, 9 found, 8 missing after shipwreck near Catania (I) MUGAK/AFVIC

28/10/07 7 N.N. (men) Palestine drowned, found off Roccella Jonica coast, Calabria (I) when boat capsized on way from Egypt MNS/PICUM/LESP/jW/LR/MUGAK/AVUI

28/10/07 9 N.N. (1 child) unknown drowned, bodies found off Vendicari, Sicily (I) by coastguards after their boat sank LR/MNS/PICUM/MUGAK/AVUI

24/10/07 57 N.N. Mali/Giunea/Africa discovered boat with 7 bodies, 50 still missing, tried to reach Spain from Cape Verde Icare/EFE/EP/EPress/Le Soleil/AFVIC/MUGAK/Taz

18/10/07 10 N.N. Mali suicide, jumped into sea in desperation after vessel drifting, way from Mauritania to E MNS/PICUM/Le Courrier

17/10/07 1 N.N. (25, man) Maghreb suicide, hanged himself in the garden of detention centre for migrants in Modena (I) INDi/ASGI/GLOPRO

16/10/07 49 N.N. unknown manner of death unknown, bodies thrown overboard on the way from Mauritania to Spain ABC

15/10/07 1 N.N. (young person) Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration in hospital in Tenerife (E) after 12 days sailing from Gambia MNS/PICUM/Can7/EFE/MUGAK

15/10/07 1 N.N. (23, man) Nigeria suicide, hanged himself in his cell in Modena (I) detention centre MP/INDi/ASGI/GLOPRO

10/10/07 1 Shaukat Ali (61, man) Pakistan suicide, after asylum claim rejected, he hanged himself at his flat in Birkby (GB) HEXAM/IRR

08/10/07 3 N.N (man) unknown drowned,3 missing, coast guard found boat with 117 illegal migrants near Zakynthos Isl. (GR) VK 04/10/07 1 Mike Osei (34, man) Ghana fell from the 7th floor running away from Police check in Amsterdam (NL) Karawane in Oct 07 15 N.N. unknown drowned, shipwreck near Balikesir (TR) crossing the border from TR to GR, 11 survivors Kuna

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 9

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Oct 07 3 N.N. Algeria drowned, bodies pulled out of the sea near the Sejname coast (TN) QUOTI

in Oct 07 1 N.N. Shri Lanka suicide under a train after asylum claim refused (GB), he lost his job, had a lot of debt TheNews

26/09/07 1 Laucling Sonko (29, man) Senegal manslaughter, Spanish Guard brought him back to MA cutting his inflatable mattress Guardian Un./ST/Telegraph/Picum/ELM/MUGAK/EP/P

26/09/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of exhaustion, after being rescued trying to swim from Morocco to Ceuta (E) EPress

25/09/07 3 N.N. (±25) Algeria reportedly drowned, decomposing bodies found by Ghazaouet coast (DZ), likely on way to E NOB/FE

24/09/07 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 child) unknown drowned, bodies pulled out of the sea near Samos (GR) after wooden boat capsized KI/NOB

24/09/07 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies pulled out of the sea near Chios (GR) after boat capsized KI/NOB

23/09/07 1 N.N. unknown body found on board a boat that reached Los Cristianos’ harbour, Canary Islands (E) ElDia/EFE/EP/Can7/ELM

20/09/07 1 Chulun Liua (51, woman) China left in a coma after throwing herself out of a window to avoid a police raid in Paris (F) MNS/PICUM/IRR

19/09/07 1 N.N. (man) Romania suicide, put on fire on Castellon (E) after denial of help for voluntary repatriatiation MNS

16/09/07 6 N.N. (men) Algeria missing after boat sank near Cabo de Gata, Almeria (E) EP/ELM/EFE

16/09/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, body found by Civil Guard off Nijar beach (E), likely from Cabo de Gata shipwreck NOB/TySp

14/09/07 1 N.N. unknown drowned, thrown overboard by traffickers near the Pantelleria Isl. (I), sailing from LY LR

13/09/07 3 N.N. (6, 10, 13, girls) Chechnia died of exhaustion and exposure at Polish border fleeing from Chechnia conflict MNS/VK

13/09/07 8 N.N. Egypt drowned, after ship capsized off the coast of Edko (Egypt), trying to reach Italy IntHeraldTribune

09/09/07 1 Amru Aljiti (63, man) Bosnia died due to lack insuline 4 weeks after deportation to Mostar (BH) being ill during trip IRR/ARI

08/09/07 1 N.N. (±27, man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in the coast of Motril (E), reportedly came from a boat intercepted days before ABC

07/09/07 10 N.N. West Africa at least 10 people drowned after their boat capsized off the island of Gran Canaria (E) MNS/BBC

06/09/07 1 Solyman Rashed (28, man) Iraq killed by a roadside bomb in Kirkuk (Iraq), rejected asylum seeker, was deported from GB IRR

04/09/07 19 N.N. Comoros Islands 4 drowned, 15 missing, shipwreck near l’Ile d’Anjouan, trying to reach Mayotte Isl. (F) JA

01/09/07 4 N.N. unknown 1 drowned, 3missing after boat from Libya sank next to Portopalo (I) LR/CDS/Unita/RAI/ANSA/IlMess in Sep 07 30 N.N. unknown drowned after their boat sank in the Mediterranean Sea on their way to Europe HNS

30/08/07 25 N.N. (21 men; 4 women) unknown drowned, boat capsized while approaching by a Greek tug boat in Malta waters MP/Reu/Gara.net/LV

29/08/07 1 Soran Ali Korshid (35, man) Iraq suicide, overdose of pills, suffered of depression in asylum seekers’ hostel in Rostock (D) IRR

28/08/07 2 N.N. (women) Eritrea/Ethiopia pregnant women died of starvation during the journey from Libya to Italy FE/ilMess/KI

25/08/07 1 N.N. (25, woman) Guinea fell passing one balcony to an other attempting to avoid police control Geneva (CH) MNS/Vivre/TribuneGeneve/LeCourrier

25/08/07 45 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat disappear after motor broke down on way to Sicily (I) GARA/VK

24/08/07 3 N.N. Gambia/Mauritania/Rwandareportedly drowned, vessel capsized near the town of Cesme (TR) on way to GR MNS

23/08/07 14 N.N. unknown drowned, disappeared after their boat from Turkey sank off the coast of Chios (GR) MNS

21/08/07 13 N.N. (11 adults; 2 minors) Nigeria/Mali died of dehydration and hypothermia during trip from Sahara Occ to Canary Isl (E) EP/ELM/Deia

21/08/07 6 N.N. (2 woman; 4 man) unknown starvation, bodies thrown overboard found by military pilots 60 miles to Lampedusa (I) ANSA/FE/LR/INF/MAG/CDS

21/08/07 11 N.N. (9 adults; 2 children) Sub-Saharan Africa starvation and hypothermia, thrown overboard, boat went adrift for 7 days on the way to E MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/LV/PerCat/ABC/SUR/Provin

21/08/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa hypothermia, died in the hospital in Gran Canaria (E) after boat went adrift for 7 days MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/LV/PerCat/ABC/SUR/Provin

21/08/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa starvation and hypothermia, body found on boat that went adrift for 7 days on the way to E MUGAK/Diario de Navarra/LV/PerCat/ABC/SUR/Provin

20/08/07 1 N.N. (25, man) Nigeria illegal worker jumped from building trying to avoid police arrest, Thessaloniki (GR) MNS/EarthT

19/08/07 13 N.N. (2 minors) unknown died of starvation, dehydratation and hypotermia on a boat going to Fuerteventura (E) EP/MNS

19/08/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia and dehydration, found on boat that landed in Gran Canaria (E) ELM/Verdad/EP/LV/ElDia

17/08/07 11 N.N. mostly Afghanistan 6 drowned, 5 missing, boat capsized near Izmir (TR) trying to reach Greece MNS

14/08/07 15 N.N. unknown at least 15 people died, recovered from the sea near the island of Lampedusa (I) MNS

14/08/07 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, died after truck carrying 34 migrants capsized near Yukari Bakracli (TR) Anatolian

14/08/07 14 N.N. unknown bodies found by military pilots floating in sea near Lampedusa (I), wearing life jackets MAG/CDS

13/08/07 17 N.N. (8 children; 9 adults) Comoros Islands drowned, boat sank off Mayotte Island (F) in Indian Ocean from Comoros Islands LeMonde

13/08/07 19 N.N. Comoros Islands missing, boat sank off Mayotte Island (F) in Indian Ocean from Comoros Islands LeMonde

09/08/07 2 N.N. (men) Iraq/unknown 1 drowned, 1 missing, boat heading to Lesvos (GR) sank off Ayvalik (TR) MNS/KI

07/08/07 1 N.N. Maghreb stowaway, crushed to death under the weels of a lorry leaving the port of Algeciras (E) EP

04/08/07 1 N.N. (woman) Shri Lanka drowned, boat carrying other 12 immigrants capsized near Samos Island (GR) NOB/PressTv

01/08/07 45 N.N. (33 men;4 women;4 child.) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) on the way from Libya, 1 survivor ANSA/GazzettaSud/AdnK/FE/HNS/Migreurop

01/08/07 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa shot by Moroccan police while trying to reach Canary Isl. (E), other 37 were detained Afrik

30/07/07 20 N.N. Comoros Islands reportedly drowned, boat sank between island Mayotte (F) and Comoros Islands NOB

30/07/07 4 N.N. Comoros Islands died in Mayotte hospital (F) after boat sank between Mayotte (F) and Comoros Islands NOB

28/07/07 8 N.N. (1 woman) unknown 1 found, at least 7 missing; 21 migrants found on tuna pen near Libya MNS

25/07/07 9 N.N. unknown drowned, at least 9 died after two vessels from Libya sank off the coast of Sicily (I) MNS

25/07/07 3 N.N. unknown unknown death’s reason, 3 among 46 persons on board died on the way from LY to I MNS

23/07/07 3 N.N. unknown drowned, 2 found, 1 missing near the coasts of Malta DPA

23/07/07 29 N.N. Comoros Islands 2 died, 27 missing, boat sank off Mayotte Island (F) in Indian Ocean from Comoros Islands NOB

22/07/07 2 N.N. unknown drowned, 80 km from Libyan coast after their boat collided with a fisher boat DPA

19/07/07 52 N.N. Ghana/Guinea/Liberia drowned, 150 miles south Tenerife (E) in rough sea while Spanish boat tried to rescue them Guardian Un./BBC/DS/AP/FR/VK/LR/MNS/EP/Raz/Mu

18/07/07 16 N.N. unknown drowned, 4 died, 12 missing when boat sank 40 miles south of Lampedusa (I) MNS/Reu/LR

17/07/07 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in a boat sailing for 10 days from Mauritania to Tenerife (E) EP/EPress

17/07/07 12 N.N. Africa drowned 1 found, 11 missing trying to embark on Italian fishing boat near Libya HNS/Migreurop/MSN

14/07/07 3 N.N. (±25, men) Iraq stowaways froze to death, found near Mestre (Italy) hidden in truck going to Germany LR/Unita/CDS/Tgcom/AP/MNS

08/07/07 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body found from the Armed Forces of Malta in Maltese waters MNS

07/07/07 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body found in advanced state of decomposition near Marsascala (M) MNS

07/07/07 1 Luwan (19, woman) Eritrea car accident fleeing from the police, trying to cross the border from (F) to (GB) Salam

05/07/07 20 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, motor of the boat broke and sank off Ben Guerdne (LY) on way to Lampedusa (I) NOB/REU

04/07/07 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa bodies found on a boat that reached Cristianos harbour, Canary Islands (E) EP/EFE 02/07/07 4 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing after boat sank near the coast of Azwen (DZ), 5 survived QUOTI in Jul 07 12 N.N. (11 adults; 1 child) unknown drowned, 1 found 11 missing, dinghy collided with fishing boatway from LY to I LR in Jul 07 2 N.N. North Africa drowned, dinghy collided with Italian fishing boat 80 miles from LY on way to I LR

30/06/07 11 N.N. Africa drowned in waters between Libya and Malta after the boat sank taz/MNS

29/06/07 1 Vera Filantova (47, woman) Kirgistan suicide, after asylum claim rejected, left alone to face her desperate life without status SVZV

28/06/07 3 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman; 1 child) unknown died of starvation and dehydration, bodies thrown overboard on the way to Italy LR

27/06/07 1 Mustafa Alcali (30, man) Turkey hanged himself in deportation custody in Frankfurt (D) after knowing he should be deported FL/jW/IRR

27/06/07 1 N.N. (man) Africa found death in a boat at 400 m. from Gran Canaria (E) with other 62 survivors ELM/EFE

22/06/07 20 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing after boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) LR

20/06/07 22 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, vessel capsized 100 km south the Island of Malta MNS

18/06/07 8 N.N. Africa at least 8 migrants drowned after vessel capsized near the coast of southern Sicily (I) MNS

16/06/07 14 N.N. unknown drowned in Sicily Channel waters (I), 11 bodies found, 3 still missing LR/MNS

16/06/07 1 N.N. unknown died in the course of rescue operation, survivors saved from fishing vessel near Libya MNS

14/06/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, asphyxiated on board a Formula1 powerboat from GR to Devon (GB) BBC/IRR

13/06/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, manner of death unclear, found in truck on way from I to F with 3 migrants Nouvel Obs

11/06/07 1 Moulay Mohammed (27, man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself in Remand Centre in Bordeaux (F), was under expulsion order MNS/METROF/IRR

09/06/07 1 N.N. (fetus) Africa pregnant woman suffered abortion on a boat traveling to Spain, fetus left in the sea ELM/EP/FE/adn

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 10

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

09/06/07 2 N.N. (± 21, men) Africa drowned trying to reach Greece from Turkey, bodies foud next to Samos (GR) KI/FE/MNS

09/06/07 1 Osamyia Aikpitanhi (23, man) Nigeria suffocated by gag policemen put in his mouth during deportation from Spain to Nigeria EP/ELM/APDHA/ProAsyl/IRR/AN/NBF/SUR/Provincias

07/06/07 1 Sherry Alex (24, woman) Angola died of malaria after being deported from Germany to Luanda (Angola) IRR

05/06/07 2 N.N. (men) Gambia bodies found among passengers on a boat near to Mogan harbour in Canary Island (E) FE/MUGAK/Diario de Noticias/Can7/EP

05/06/07 28 N.N. Algeria drowned, 8 found, 20 missing between Tunisa and Algeria trying to reach Sardinia (I) Reu./FE/Diario de Noticias

01/06/07 21 N.N. Africa drowned between Malta and Libya, bodies picked up by a French ship FE/TI/Malta Independent/MP/LR/CDS/SP/ProAsyl/Reu

01/06/07 1 N.N. (man) unknown body found from Coast Guard in advanced state of decomposition near Lampedusa (I) LR

29/05/07 1 N.N. Algeria died of hypothermia in hospital (TN), found in a boat drifting 15 miles off Tunisian Coast NOB

22/05/07 1 N.N. unknown reportedly missing after a boat sank next to Malta coast ANSA/LS

22/05/07 3 N.N. Senegal died bodies found aboard a boat adrift off Lompoul (Senegal) in direction to Spain FE/TySp/Aps

21/05/07 57 N.N.(28 men;23 women;6 child.) Eritrea drowned between M and LY, Malta authorities alerted by a plane sent aid too late FE/LR/BBC/EB/Reu./LS/ANSA/MNS/Indipendent/MM/U

19/05/07 1 Conrad Dixon (40, man) Jamaica suicide, failed asylum seeker set himself on fire in James Brindley Close (GB) Se/IRR

18/05/07 28 N.N. (3 children) unknown 28 people are missing after their boat sank next to Malta coast sailing from LY to I Reu./FE/TimesM/ANSA/MNS

12/05/07 2 N.N. (man) Eritrea bodies thrown at sea, dead during the route from Tripoli (LY) to Lampedusa (I) FE/Tgcom/LS

07/05/07 1 N.N. (man) Algeria died in hospital in E after being rescued in the sea next to Gibraltar by a British ship IRR/TheHerald/SC

07/05/07 1 N.N. (man) Morocco died of starvation, found on a dinghy next to Palermo coast (I) ANSA/LR/Unita/MP/Alicenews

30/04/07 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia and dehydratation after journey from Africa to Gran Canaria (E) ELM/EP

28/04/07 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead on board a boat that sailed from Mauritania to Gran Canaria (E) EP/FE/CadSER

27/04/07 3 N.N. (15, girl; 1, child; man) Kurdistan 1 drowned, 2 missing after smugglers throw them in sea next to Leros (GR) KI/FE

25/04/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead on a boat that reached Tenerife ELM/EP/EXP

25/04/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died in Archile’s beach in Tenerife (E) after the travel from sub-saharan Africa ELM/EP/EXP

23/04/07 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly 11 bodies thrown at sea, 1 found on boat rescued next to Mauritanian coast EXP/EP/jW

23/04/07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died after rescue operations in Mauritanian sea on board a boat from Africa to Spain EP/EXP/jW/ELM

23/04/07 132 N.N. (men) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, they were all from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Abdoulaye Ba (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Ibrahima Mballo (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts,he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Ousmane Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Oumarou Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Hamidou Diallo (35, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Hamady Sow (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Aliou Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Bouba Kande (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Oumar Diabouyel Balde (17,man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Saliou Seydi (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Amadou Kande (19, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Moustapha Diallo (24, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Ibrahima Diallo (22, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Mokhtar Diallo (25, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Alassane Diallo (20, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Moustapha Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Djembarou Mane’ (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Arfang Balde (26, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Mamadou Balde (29, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Nourou Balde (20, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Ousmane Balde (24, man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Issaga Dieng (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Mahamadou Konte (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Sekou Omar Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Tidiane Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Yussuf Diao (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Lamine Balde (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

23/04/07 1 Saliou Mballo (man) Senegal drowned, shipwreck off Morocco coasts, he was from the Kolda area (Senegal) book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda/Mugak/ELM/FE

22/04/07 3 N.N. unknown 2 found, 1 missing; boat capsized during rescue operation of Armed Forces of Malta MNS

21/04/07 2 N.N. Algeria drowned before their boat was rescued off Annaba (Algeria) on the way to Sardinia (I) FE/LaN/ElW

16/04/07 1 N.N. (2 months, girl) China died of sudden infant death syndrome during an inmigration swoop in Aubervilliers, Paris (F) IRR/REF/Libération

11/04/07 1 N.N. (34, man) unknown killed himself in a refugee camp in Lotte, North Rhine-Westphalia (D) IRR 03/04/07 2 N.N. (men) Liberia one missing, one death by hypothermia in hospital after found in boat near to Malaga (E) EP in Apr 07 13 N.N. (±22, men) Morocco drowned after their dinghy sank off Nador (MA), sailing towards Spain FE/Bladi in Apr 07 3 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa died on board of a small vessel during the crossing to Canary Islands (E) Bladi

27/03/07 7 N.N. (men) unknown frozen to death after sneaking across Turkish-Iranian border trying to reach Europe TDN/FE/TodZam

18/03/07 1 Uddhav Bhandari (40, man) Nepal suicide, put himself alight in fear of deportation from Glasgow (GB) BBC/icS/EveningTimes/INDgb/Independent/TheHerald

17/03/07 11 N.N. unknown 7 people washed ashore, 4 missing, bodies found in Samos (GR) they left from Turkey FE/KI/DPA

17/03/07 1 Marin Mogos (57, man) Romania (Stateless) suicide, hanged in Bucarest airport (RO) after his deportation from Germany WSWS/DPA/IRR

08/03/07 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on boat near Tenerife (E) on way from Mauritania EP/FE/Reu/EITB24

02/03/07 1 Baitul Atique (man) Bangladesh suicide, overdose of sleeping pills after being forced to return to Bangladesh with his wife IRR in Mar 07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died on a boat trying to reach Tenerife (E) from Mauritania, body thrown overboard FE/EP

21/02/07 19 N.N. unknown reportedly missing, thrown over dinghy from LY to Sicily (I), death cause unclear NYtimes/QNE/deleteTB/PICUM

16/02/07 24 N.N. (1 woman) Somalia drowned, 4 found, 20 missing, boat sank near Samos Islands (GR), way from TR to GR Khaleej/PR/IntHeraldTribune/MNS/PR/IntHeraldTribun

02/02/07 17 N.N. unknown drowned, 7 found, 10 missing after boat from Turkey sank off the island Samos (GR) KI/AthensNewsAgency/Khaleej/NOB/MNS/PICUM in Feb 07 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found aboard a vessel drifting off the coast of Western Sahara on way to Canay Isl. (E) News24/NOB

30/01/07 1 N.N. (31, man) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in his cell in Berne prison of Witzwil (CH) in fear of deportation Vivre/Polbe

29/01/07 1 Abass Usman (26, man) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in his cell at Preston prison (GB), accused of using false documents IRR

22/01/07 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, found hidden under a coffin been trasported from in Kypoi (GR) MNS/TP

22/01/07 1 Samuel Peter Benjamin (17,man) South Africa stowaway, body found in plane’s wheel bay in Los Angeles (US), trying to reach London (UK) NOB/IRR

17/01/07 7 N.N. (6 men; 1 woman) unknown drowned, 2 found, 5 missing boat from Turkey sank off the Samos island (GR) KI/NOB

15/01/07 1 N.N. (±25, man) Gambia/Senegal stowaway, frozen in undercarriage of airplane from Gambia to Bruxelles (B) AngolaPress/MNS/PICUM/Vivre

14/01/07 1 Mohammad Sillah (23, man) Guinea denied medical treatment, Remscheider refugee centre (D) refused to call ambulance Karawane

07/01/07 1 fetus (5 months) Congo mother physically weakened, arrested to prevent migration, abandoned on MA border Statewatch/FE

01/01/07 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa starvation, 2 thrown overboard, 1 body found on a boat docked on Canary Isl. (E) FE/ELM/MNS in 2007 50 N.N. (men; women; children) unknown died, smugglers forced them overboard to easily escape from Samos Coast Guard (GR) GHM

in Jan 07 1 Imran Yousaf (28, man) Pakistan suicide, found hanged at friend’s home in Bedford (GB) after being denied a visa extension IRR

31/12/06 33 N.N. (4 women) Algeria drowned, shipwreck near Algeria trying to reach Sardinia (I) LaN/FE

30/12/06 20 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 9 found, 11 missing, 2 boats sank 60 km Sud of Laayoune (MA) way to Spain APDHA/ABC

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 11

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

23/12/06 1 N.N. (young person) Sub-Saharan Africa stabbed by MA police in Rabat, deportation operation to prevent migration to Europe APDHA/ICARE

20/12/06 24 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation, bodies thrown overboard boat wrecked in Yoff(Mauritania) way to E Reu./WSWS

16/12/06 126 N.N. West Africa reportedly drowned, missing, boat capsized on way form Djiffer (Senegal) to Spain TimesM/IntHeraldTribune/CNN/NOB/Vita/NA/EP/PR/FE

14/12/06 5 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died trying to reach Canary Islands (E), boat found near Anfrift (MA) APDHA

13/12/06 1 N.N. unknown drowned, boat with 29 survivors wrecked near Dakar (Senegal) way to Canary Isl. (E) TimesM/IntHeraldTribune/PR/FE/APDHA/USAToday/M

13/12/06 3 N.N. unknown died in hospital, boat wrecked near Dakar (Senegal) on way to Canary Islands (E) TmesM/IntHeraldTribune/PR/FE/USAToday/MNS/APD

11/12/06 51 N.N. Egypt, Syria, Palestine drowned after boat capsized near Seferihisar (TR) trying to reach GR coast TDN/TP/Ya.D

10/12/06 1 N.N. Asia drowned, after shipwreck near Restinga Smir (MA) trying to reach Ceuta (E/MA) APDHA

09/12/06 1 N.N. (40, man) Bulgaria suicide on Detention Centre in Lamezia (I) waiting for deportation LR/PR

06/12/06 1 N.N. unknown died of dehydration and hypothermia, found in boat landed in Arguineguin (E) NOB/Gaymengc/FE/ELM/TS/MNS/APDHA

06/12/06 1 N.N. unknown died of dehydration and hypothermia in hospital after boat landed in Arguineguin (E) FE/ELM/MNS/APDHA/NOB/TySp/Gaymengc/TS

04/12/06 3 N.N. Afghanistan/Mauritania drowned, missing, after boat carrying 29 sank off Turkey’s West coast, way to Greece TDN/FE/PR

03/12/06 1 N.N. unknown shot by Moroccan border guard trying to cross the border fence in Melilla (E/MA) eltelegramma/APDHA

02/12/06 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of dehydration and hypothermia in hospital after boat landed in Tenerife (E) APDHA

02/12/06 102 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, shipwreck near Dakar sea due to stormy waters, they left from Senegal PR

01/12/06 1 Kazim Kustul (22, man) Turkey suicide, hanged himself in Detention Centre in Marseille (F) waiting for deportation INDm/Vatan/PR/MNS/LaDep in Dec 06 50 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation thrown overboard boat landed on Yoff (Senegal) trying to reach E MNS/APDHA in Dec 06 2 N.N. (men) Bosnia stowaway, found in a truck in Ancona (I), suffocated by the gas-water in the truck FE/LR

30/11/06 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on boat with 15 survivors rescued by ARC sailing ship, way from Africa to Spain YatchingWorld/FE/ELM/MNS/APDHA

26/11/06 20 N.N. (13 children) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, washed ashore after boat capsized near Laayoune (MA) on the way to Spain AFVIC/MP/Reu/ELM/FE/NOB/News24/CNN/MNS/APD

26/11/06 24 N.N. (8 children) Sub-Saharan Africa missing after boat capsized near Laayoune (MA) on the way to Spain AFVIC/MP/Reu/ELM/FE/NOB/News24/MNS/APDHA/P

26/11/06 1 Naji Dohatem (30, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, young activist for human rights, boat sank near Laayoune (MA) on way to E MP/ELM

21/11/06 1 Kone Watara (26, man) Sub-Saharan Africa died in Ceuta (E/MA) hospital, accepted for 2 weeks after boat on way from MA sank APDHA

19/11/06 3 N.N. Somalia/Palestine drowned, 1 found, 2 missing, boat capsized off Izmir’s (TR) coast on way to Greek IntHerald/KI/FE/NOB in Nov 06 18 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa bodies thrown overborad, boat rescued by ARC sailing ship, way from Africa to Spain MNS/APDHA/YatchingWorld in Nov 06 1 N.N. (±40, man) Afghanistan stowaway, died after being run over by the lorry he had been hiding under in Harlow (GB) IRR

27/10/06 6 N.N. Algeria drowned sailing to Spain from Wahran (Algeria) NOB/KUNA/FE/APDHA

27/10/06 1 Artur Aivazov (±40, man) Azerbaijan suicide, after waiting for asylum claim for 8 years in NL, having psychological trauma Voorvlucht/Oz

24/10/06 4 N.N. (3 men;1 pregnant woman) Maghreb drowned, 3 found, 1 missing shipwreck 8 miles from Malta on way from Libya to Italy MP/MM/FE/Unipa/TimesM

12/10/06 1 Berrais Fethi (30, man) Tunesia body found in advanced state of decomposition near the coast of Foukat (DZ) QUOTI

12/10/06 10 N.N. (men) Tunesia reportedly drowned, 9 missing 1 found advanced state decomposition near Fouka (DZ) QUOTI

10/10/06 40 N.N. Afghanistan reportedly drowned, missing after boat sank near Kithira Island (GR) KI/MP/PICUM/ABC/FE

08/10/06 1 N.N. (±20, man) Iraq stowaway, asylum seeker fell from a lorry in carriageway near Folkestone, Kent (GB) Mirror/BBC/IRR

05/10/06 24 N.N. Maghreb drowned after their rubber boat broke up trying to reach Canary Islands (E) APDHA/BBC/Guardianun/Aljazeera/PICUM/NOB/MNS in Oct 06 2 N.N. Sudan died on way to hospital after their boat capsized near Malta MNS in Oct 06 3 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition near Malta MNS/FE

in Oct 06 1 Abdullah Ahmed Maroof (30, m) Iraq suicide, set himself on fire in his car in Stockton (GB), feared being sent back to Iraq IRR

26/09/06 9 N.N. Middle East/North Africa drowned, 6 found, 3 missing, reportedly thrown into Turkish sea by Greek coastguard SC/TP/FE/TDN/MNS/FR-BB/NOB/PICUM/PR/jW

23/09/06 2 N.N. (woman; child) unknown drowned, shipwreck caused by overcrouding 40 miles off Lampedusa (I) LR/FE/IntHeraldTribune/NOB/PICUM/Unipa

23/09/06 25 N.N. unknown drowned, after their boat sank near Kenitra (MA) on way to Spain APDHA

21/09/06 2 N.N. Morocco 1 found, 1 missing, body floating near Tarifa (E), set off with jet ski from Morocco NOB/APDHA

17/09/06 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of lack of medical care in police custody after his boat landed in Los Cristianos (E) ELM/FE/NOB/EITB24/PICUM/Kaosenlared/NODO50/A

17/09/06 13 N.N. unknown drowned, 1 found, 12 missing after shipwreck 115 miles South West Malta way Italy FE/LR/MM/NOB/Unipa

16/09/06 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found in a boat with 56 survivors landed on Los Cristianos, Canary Islands (E) ELM/FE/NOB/EITB24/APDHA

12/09/06 250 N.N. unknown missing, boat at the mercy of the waves sent SOS signal near Lampedusa (I) ANSA/Unipa

10/09/06 2 N.N. Kurdistan died in minefield after entered in Vyssas area, in Evros (Greek/Turkish border) KI/FE/MNS/FR-BB

09/09/06 17 N.N. (9 men; 5 women; 3 child.) Somalia died of starvation, thrown overboard drifting ship on the way from Libya to Italy FE/agrigentoweb

07/09/06 1 Eugene Ejike Obiora (48, man) Nigeria asylum seeker strangled from policeman in social welfare office in Trondheim (N) MNS/NR

05/09/06 2 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found on the beach of Torretta Granitola near Mazara del Vallo (I) LR/FE

03/09/06 1 N.N. (19, man) Algeria stowaway, fell in a field in Vivantes (F) from the wheelbay of a plane from North Africa MNS

03/09/06 1 Janvier Makiadi (31, man) Congo suicide, hanged under bridge, asylum claim refused (GB); known also as Paul Kiese RochdaleObs/IRR

03/09/06 1 N.N. Maghreb found near Los Ancones (E), body thrown overboard by boat landed in Lanzarote (E) APDHA

02/09/06 8 N.N. Eritrea/Somalia died of hunger and thirst, bodies thrown overboard during journey to reach Italy LR/FE/MNS/PICUM/Unipa

01/09/06 1 N.N. (±30, man) Pakistan drowned, boat hit rocks near Hania (GR) on the way from Egypt to Italy KI/FE/NOB

01/09/06 3 N.N. (2 adults; 1 minor) Sub-Saharan Africa died after been rescued off El Hierro, Canary Islands (E) after their boat sank ELM/FE/MNS/NOB/Rawstory/PICUM/APDHA

01/09/06 7 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing afer boat sank near the coasts of Crete Island (GR) FE/FR-BB

30/08/06 10 N.N. unknown died in boat with 13 survivors, bodies thrown overboard during journey to reach Italy LR/FE

29/08/06 132 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 84 found, 48 missing, shipwreck near Mauritanian coast of Nouakchott EP/FE/NOB/News24/MNS/GuardianUn/daz/FR-BB/AP 28/08/06 1 N.N. (man) Mali died of dehydration after been abandoned in Sahara desert by Moroccan authorities MNS/Reu/FE/BBC/NOB

27/08/06 20 N.N. Africa 15 found, 5 missing on Mauritanian coast, thrown overboard after died of dehydration MNS/FE/EP/BBC/ELM/MAG/PICUM/CRIDEM/APDHA

27/08/06 1 N.N. (man) Mali died of dehydration, found on boat sailing from Mauritania to Canary Islands (E) APDHA

26/08/06 1 N.N. (woman) unknown body found on a vessel intercepted near the coasts of Malta MNS/Unipa

26/08/06 8 N.N. unknown bodies found on ship on way from Senegal to Canary Islands (E) APDHA

25/08/06 1 N.N. (±30, man) Eritrea died of starvation during crossing, found in boat landed at Portopalo di Capopassero (I) ANSA/FE/LR

20/08/06 28 N.N. (26 men; 5 women; 1 child) unknown drowned, 6 found, 22 missing; dinghy capsized near the coasts of Lampedusa (I) CDS/IM/MET/LR/FIEI/Statewatch/NOB/Newsaust

20/08/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown reportedly devoured by a shark after dinghy capsized near Lampedusa (I) IM/LR

20/08/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown died after falling into the sea attempting to cross the Sicilian Channel Statewatch/FE/Unipa

19/08/06 50 N.N. (4 women; 10 children) Africa drowned, 12 found, 38 missing, boat collided with Navy ship near Lampedusa (I) ANSA/CDS/BBC/IM/Reu/GuardianUn/MNS/FE/LR/Sta

19/08/06 30 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies missing, boat sank off the coast of Lampedusa Island (I) PICUM/AFVIC

17/08/06 1 Zamira Sadigova (51, woman) Azerbaijan suicide, jumped from her 11th floor flat in Knightswood (GB), in fear of deportation TheHerald/IRR

17/08/06 3 N.N. unknown found on a boat with 81 survivors rescued off Canary Islands (E) Statewatch/FE/NOB/APDHA

14/08/06 28 N.N. Africa died of hunger and thirst on way from Senegal to Canary Islands (E) NOB/APDHA/jW

14/08/06 1 N.N. Africa died of starvation in Mauritania hospital after rescue operation on boat on way to Spain NOB/APDHA

12/08/06 28 N.N. Africa died of starvation in boat instructed to change route by Spanish coastguard Statewatch/ELM/FE

12/08/06 5 N.N. Maghreb died of starvation: 4 thrown overboard boat on way from MA to E; 1 died in hospital MA APDHA

12/08/06 1 Pierre Palmaba Kabamba (61, m) Congo suicide, jumped from 5th floor of an induction centre for asylum seekers in Margate (GB) IRR

11/08/06 15 N.N. Senegal died of injures bodies thrown overboard, gas bottle explosion on ship from Dakar (SN) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/Boston/NOB/APDHA/DS

11/08/06 3 N.N. Senegal died of injures after gas bottle explosion, found on a ship from Dakar (SN) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/Boston/NOB/APDHA

06/08/06 1 N.N. Morocco died in detention centre in Bologna (I) sparking a revolt Statewatch

06/08/06 1 N.N. (24, man) Africa reportedly drowned, missing, fell from boat during repatriation leaving NL to Africa VK

06/08/06 1 Mohamed Aloui (33, man) Tunesia found in Bologna det. cr. (I), overdose by antiepileptic medicine, he wasn’t epileptic MP/ADUC/SAP/AFFIT/GLOPRO/LESP/ILD

05/08/06 1 N.N. (man) North Africa found by Local Police officer on beach of the Caleta del Mero (E) TS/APDHA

04/08/06 2 N.N. (man) unknown 1 thrown overboard, 1 found on boat with 66 survivors intercepted off Tenerife (E) TS/ELM/FE/Statewatch/NOB/APDHA

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 12

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

02/08/06 5 N.N. China died in car accident trying to escape police in Germany after being smuggled from Cz Berliner Ztg/MOZ/Tagesspiegel in Aug 06 1 Karol (18 months) Sierra Leone died of starvation crossing from Libya to Lampedusa (I), parents throw her overboard ANSA/LR in Aug 06 2 N.N. (±7) unknown reportedly died of starvation on the way to Lampedusa (I), bodies thrown overboard ANSA/LR

01/08/06 28 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies washed up near Blibilat coasts (MA), trying to reach Canary Isl. (E) ELM/FE/BBC/TS/Statewatch/NOB/APDHA in Aug 06 4 N.N. Senegal died in Mauritania Hospital after gas bottle explosion in ship from Dakar (SN) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/Boston/NOB

01/08/06 1 Van N. (29, man) Vietnam car accident in Dannenreich (D) fleeing from a police chase during an identity control BF/VK/IN

01/08/06 1 Duc N. (24, man) Vietnam car accident in Dannenreich (D) fleeing from a police chase during an identity control BF/VK/IN 01/08/06 1 Thi N. (23, woman) Vietnam car accident in Dannenreich (D) fleeing from a police chase during an identity control BF/VK/IN in Aug 06 1 Modjtaba Farahian (28, man) Afghanistan suicide, in his house in Vlissingen (NL) in fear of deportation Oz

30/07/06 2 N.N. unknown reportedly died of sunstroke, bodies found on boat arrived in Los Cristianos (E) NOB/TS

30/07/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown died of starvation after been hospitalized in Palermo (I) after shipwreck in Lampedusa IPL/LR/FE/Statewatch/NOB

29/07/06 13 N.N. unknown reportedly died of starvation on a boat with 14 survivors drifting off Lampedusa (I) BBC/IPL/FE/LR/Statewatch/MNS/NOB/Unipa

29/07/06 17 N.N. (5 men; 5 women; 7 child.) unknown drowned after shipwreck near the coasts of Malta, Italian vassel rescued 12 survivors MNS/LR/FE/IPL/Statewatch/NOB/MM/Unipa

28/07/06 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned during rescue operation, boat was intercepted near Tenerife (E) MNS/ELM/FE/Statewatch/NOB/Pravda/APDHA/taz/jW

28/07/06 2 N.N. (1 men; 1 young) Sub-Saharan Africa died on rescue ship, boat was intercepted near Tenerife (E) MNS/ELM/FE/Pravda/NOB/APDHA/taz/jW

28/07/06 34 N.N. unknown drowned:12 found, 22 missing shipwreck on Senegalesian waters on way to Spain APDHA

27/07/06 1 N.N. unknown died of starvation, found on boat arrived in Canary Isl. (E) carrying 111 survivors Statewatch/APDHA

26/07/06 17 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, all bodies missing, boat from Libya to Italy sank off Mahdia (TN) Statewatch/ELM/FE/Reu/IPL

26/07/06 1 Sadedim (boy) Macedonia died without medical care in asylum centre Sweikhuizen, Geeuwenburg (NL) VK

25/07/06 2 N.N. Asia died after explosion in minefield in Evros (GR) trying to cross Turkish-Greek border PICUM/KI/MNS/NOB

24/07/06 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead of hypothermia in boat with 48 survivors arrived Islands Gran Canaria (E) MNS/ELM/FE/Statewatch/BBC/PICUM/NOB/APDHA/ta

24/07/06 3 N.N. (men; 24, woman) unknown reportedly drowned, bodies found by coast guards on a beach in Gela (I) Statewatch/FE/CDS/IPL

23/07/06 4 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation, thrown overboard boat with 48 survivors arrived Gran Canaria (E) APDHA

23/07/06 4 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa suicide: abandoned boat during their way to arrive in Gran Canaria (E) APDHA

22/07/06 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation in Hospital after had been rescued in ship arrived at Tenerife (E) Statewatch/FE/ELM/PICUM/APDHA

22/07/06 2 N.N. unknown found on board of a rescued boat on way to Canay Island (E) Statewatch

21/07/06 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa found on a boat with 43 survivors, arrived at the port Los Cristiano, on Tenerife (E) MNS/ELM/FE/PICUM/APDHA

18/07/06 1 Adams John (7 months, child) unknown reportedly died heart failure caused by hypotermia, after arriving Fuerteventura (E) PICUM/ELM/MNS/Statewatch/FE/NOB/APDHA

16/07/06 1 N.N. (woman) Russia suicide, asylum seeker detained at Foreigners’ Registration Crentre, Pabrade (LT) MNS

07/07/06 9 N.N. (1 child) unknown bodies found on the coasts of Canary Islands (E) APDHA

07/07/06 3 N.N. (men) Africa found when boat arrived on Tenerife (E), died by dehydration during crossing PICUM/MNS/Statewatch/FE/EP/NOB/APDHA/jW

06/07/06 3 N.N. (man;±30, woman;±3, ch) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, on way Canary Islands (E), found by fishermen off Cape Bojard (MA) MNS/PICUM/LV/ICARE/APDHA

05/07/06 1 Abiy Fessfha Abebe (35, man) Ethiopia suicide, found hanged at Greenbank Drive Centre (GB) after asylum claim refused IRR/icliverpool

03/07/06 30 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 26 found, 4 missing, shipwreck near El-Ayun (MA), way of Canary Isl. (E) Vita/MNS/Picum/Statewatch/FE/ELM/IPL/NOB/AFVIC/ 03/07/06 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died climbing border fence in Melilla (E/MA), reportedly one shot by border guards Statewatch/FE/ELM/ICARE/VITA/PICUM/IPL/MP/NOB in Jul 06 11 N.N. Africa died during attempts to reach Canary Islands (E) from Mauritanian coast Statewatch in Jul 06 30 N.N. Africa drowned, bodies washed up onto the Atlantic sea after a boat sank off Western Sahara NYtimes

29/06/06 16 N.N. Morocco drowned, 3 found, 13 missing after shipwreck 200 km near El Aaiún (MA) way to E MNS/APDHA

27/06/06 2 N.N. unknown found dead on a fishing boat with 266 survivors near the coasts of Malta on way to I EB/Statewatch/FE

26/06/06 5 N.N. (3 children; 2 adults) unknown drowned after shipwreck, found by Turkish Coast Guard near Kusadasi (MA) Statewatch/TP/NCAs

22/06/06 1 N.N. (±25, man) India stowaway, died from heat exhaustion 2 weeks later found in roadside in Essex (GB) BBC/PICUM/NOB/IRR/EADT

19/06/06 1 Majid Samari (37, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in Asylum Centre in Hansthholm (D) after asylum claim rejected CPH/MNS/NR/UNHCR

12/06/06 1 N.N. (±25, man) India stowaway, died from heat exhaustion in back of a truck in a roadside in Essex (GB) BBC/essexchronicle/GuardianUn/PICUM/NOB/IRR/EA

10/06/06 1 Oleksiy Baronovsky (34, man) Ukraine suicide, reportedly selfharm, kept in HMP Rye Hill (GB) under Imm.Act pending depor. NCADC/UNHCR/IRR

09/06/06 11 N.N. Africa drowned, 3 found, 8 missing; shipwreck caused by overcrouding near Malta (M) coasts LR/Le Monde/GuidaS/MNS/Statewatch/Reu/FE/NOB/U

06/06/06 1 N.N. (6, boy) Somalia drowned, after boat sank 2.5km of Island Samos (GR) sailing with 22 saved by vassel PICUM/KI/NCAs/Statewatch/MNS/FE/NOB/TP

05/06/06 1 N.N. Maghreb body found on board of a boat near Cabo de Gata (E) APDHA

04/06/06 15 N.N. unknown drowned, 1 found, 14 missing after boat capsized 111 miles off Malta’s coasts FE/Statewatch/NOB/Unipa

03/06/06 4 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, bodies found off the coast of Ragusa (I)Statewatch/FE/NOB

02/06/06 15 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck in the Mediterranean sea MNS

in Jun 06 1 Dejere Kebede-Tulu (25, man) Ethiopia body found in his flat in London, one of best runners in GB, trained despite living on £25/w IRR/Telegraph/Independent

30/05/06 1 N.N. Moldova died in minefield crossing Turkish-Greek border IMK

30/05/06 7 N.N. unknown died bodies rempatriated from Spain to Morocco with other 433 migrants APHDA

19/05/06 42 N.N. (±25) Afghanistan/Bangladesh stowaways, small truck crashed into parked trailer on highway near Osmaniye (TR) FECL/IPL/Ya.N/PICUM/MNS/FE/TDN/NOB/AFP

18/05/06 7 N.N. unknown found on boat caught up in storm near Sfax (Tunisia) on way from Libya to Italy IPL/Statewatch/FE/Unipa

15/05/06 1 Ese Elizabeth Alabi (29, woman) Nigeria no medical treatment, got lower priority for heart transplant than GB citizens IRR/BBC

13/05/06 37 N.N. unknown 26 missing, 11 found mummified in boat drifting near the Caribbean on way to Spain MNS/IRR/IPL/Statewatch/FE/EP/NOB/APDHA

13/05/06 1 Sivanthan Gowthaman (29, man) Sri Lanka suicide, jumped under train, he lost work permit after refusal of asylum claim (GB) Thenews/IRR

11/05/06 1 Asif Azmad (17, man) Afghanistan reportedly stowaway hidden under vehicle, dead body found on A3 near Clanfield (GB) IRR

08/05/06 1 N.N. (57, woman) China suicide, hung herself in fear of deportation in a detention centre in Neuss (Germany) ProAsyl/PICUM/Hiergeb

02/05/06 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, 1 found, 1 missing, shipwreck near Kusadasi (TR) on way to Samos Isl. (GR) Statewatch/IPL/MNS/NOB/Pravda/AFP in May 06 1 Seiny Dabo (man) Africa died of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK in May 06 1 Bouba Cisse (man) Africa died of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK in May 06 1 Diaw Sunkar Diemi (man) Africa died of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK in May 06 8 N.N. (men) Senegal/Guinee-Bissau/Gambiadied of starvation, boat found adrift after leaving from Cape Verdian to Canary Isl. (E) VK

27/04/06 1 S. D. (31, man) Morocco died of asthma attack in detention Centre in Trajal, Ceuta (E/MA) awaiting espulsion Statewatch/FE/ELM/NODO50

25/04/06 1 N.N. (40, man) Algeria body found on the shore of El Tarajal (E) trying to arrive in Ceuta (E/MA) APDHA

25/04/06 25 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near Kenitra (MA) trying to reach Spain APDHA

23/04/06 1 N.N. (±24, man) Asia reportedly stowaway, fell from truck dragged a mile along A14, Cambridegeshire (GB) IRR

14/04/06 1 Dominique Koumadio (woman) Africa murdered, shot by the police during a street riot in Germany Sparta

04/04/06 34 N.N. unknown drowned in shipwreck on way from Mauritania to Canary Islands (E) Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/APDHA

in Apr 06 1 Mohammed Yussif (28, man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, shipwreck near Lampedusa (I), reattempt by one of deported ‘Cap Anamur 37’ BorderlineEU in Apr 06 1 Danielle Dominy (30, woman) Brazil suicide, drank antifreeze, feared to be separated from her daughter by immigration officials IRR

18/03/06 3 N.N. unknown bodies found on the shore of Cabo Blanco (E) APDHA

17/03/06 13 N.N. (young people) Africa missing, disappeared on way from Laayoune (MA) to Canary Islands (E) Statewatch/AFVIC/APDHA

16/03/06 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found by Guardia Civil near the port of Spanish north African enclave Melilla (E/MA) Statewatch

15/03/06 26 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned on way to Spain, bodies retrieved in the waters of Mauritania by Spanish ship MAG/Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/APDHA/VK

12/03/06 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead on a drifitng boat off Capeverdian islands on way to the Canary Island. MNS/PUB/APDHA

09/03/06 1 Naser Al Shdaida (36, man) Syria suicide, under train in London (GB) fearing deportation after refusal of his asylum claim IRR/Streathamguardian

07/03/06 45 N.N. Africa drowned, 2 small boats capsised on way to Spain, one crashed with coast guard vessel MAG/NRC/IND/Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/APDHA/MNS

07/03/06 3 N.N. unknown stowaways, found dead on a lorry arrived in Bari (I) from Durazzo (AL) Statewatch/LR/FE

05/03/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, shipwreck off Ahrax Point (M) on way to I, fled from Hal Far and Safi det.cr. Statewatch/NOB

05/03/06 9 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, shipwreck off M on way to I, fled from Hal Far and Safi det.cr. Statewatch/NOB/Unipa

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 13

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

04/03/06 1 N.N. Gambia drowned triying to reach the coasts of Tenerife (E) APDHA

22/02/06 16 N.N. Morocco found on a boat, died of hypothermia, starvation and epileptic crises on way to Spain AFVIC

22/02/06 4 N.N. unknown stowaways, died of asphyxia, found on a ship arrived in Canary Isl. from Ivory Coast Statewatch/MNS/APDHA

20/02/06 1 Yadav Krishnakumar (child) Sri Lanka baby of asylum family died of dehydration in Fairfield Hospital (GB), no medical aid Manchester

19/02/06 12 N.N. (11 young m.; 1 young w.) Morocco drowned, after boat of 32 left from Jbel Boudinar (MA) and capsised off Almeria (E) AFVIC

19/02/06 1 N.N. (25) Afghanistan drowned, dinghy carrying 6 Afghans sank off Chios (GR) on way from Turkey Statewatch/FE/KI

19/02/06 2 N.N. unknown drowned, pantera with 24 passengers capsized off Island of Alboran/Almeria (E) MNS/Statewatch/APDHA/NOB

18/02/06 9 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, after shipwreck off the Libyan coast on way to Italy Statewatch

15/02/06 1 N.N. (woman) unknown frozen, died while crossing the Bulgarian-Greek border on mount Falakon Statewatch/MNS

13/02/06 1 N.N. Afghanistan died of a shock after his cousin was beaten up by border guards in Patras port (GR) Statewatch/MNS

10/02/06 1 Taufik Al-Karazeh (27, man) Syria suicide, asylum seeker hanged himself in his flat in Rochdale (GB), fear of deportation IRR/RochdaleObs in Feb 06 2 N.N. (±27, men) Pakistan murdered, fell while crossing border Iran-TR, trafficker cut their throat as they couldn’t go on witness (Sarfraz Ali Khan) in Feb 06 1 N.N. (±30, man) Bangladesh leg broken when running between Iran and TR, the group had to leave him behind witness (Sarfraz Ali Khan)

30/01/06 9 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned near Algerian coast, disappeared in an attempt to reach Spain Satewatch/Aujourd’hui/FE

30/01/06 1 Salehdeim Fahssahi (38, man) Algeria died after arson attack on detention Centre Schrassing (L) Odysseus/PlaZa

24/01/06 1 Nuur Saed (22, man) Somalia died after falling from balcony, escaping police search in his flat in Plumstead (GB) IRR

23/01/06 8 N.N. Morocco drowned, 3 bodies found, 5 missing, boat capsised off the coast of Al-Hoceima to Spain AFVIC/MNS/Statewatch/APDHA

21/01/06 3 N.N. Pakistan/Bangladesh found frozen on dinghy from TR to GR carrying migrants from Pakistan and Bangladesh Statewatch/KI/FE/NOB

19/01/06 1 Bereket Yohannes (26, man) Eritrea suicide, found hanged in Harmondsworth Immigr. Removal Cr. (GB) facing deportation Statewatch/NCADC/IRR/NOB

11/01/06 1 N.N. Iraq died of heart attacked during police custody in Athens (GR) in fear of deportation MNS

04/01/06 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned while swimming to the island of Lesvos (GR), after boat sank 80m from coast NOB/MNS/Statewatch/KI/FE in 2006 1 Ali Amen Nader (man) Yemen murdered by Yemeni authorities, rempatriated after asylum claim was refused in NL IHRC

01/01/06 1 Mhedy Aliy (30, man) Tunesia died in detention centre Pian Del Lago (I), administered high ammount of placating ILM/MP/Lib

27/12/05 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, body found by a scuba diver and retrieved by the Spanish Sea Rescue Team Statewatch

25/12/05 1 N.N. (30, man) Morocco drowned, found next to plastic bins tied together that helped him cross Spanish waters Statewatch/ELM/FE

24/12/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found by authorities on the beach of Cadiz (E) MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM

24/12/05 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, found by authorities on the beach of Cadiz (E) Statewatch/FE/ELM

21/12/05 2 N.N. Nigeria stowaway, died during journey to Kallo (NL), thrown from cargoship by compatriots MNS/News24/FE/VK

19/12/05 30 N.N. Mauritania/Senegal reportedly drowned after vessel capsised off the Canary Islands, only 4 bodies found MNS/Statewatch/NOB

10/12/05 1 N.N. (man) Africa found dead on a boat carrying immigrants in Gibraltar Strait by Spanish authorities Exodus

10/12/05 22 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, missing in stormy waters in the Gibraltar Strait on way to Spain Exodus

09/12/05 2 N.N. unknown blown in minefield at the TR-GR border. Bodies found by authorities in Kastanies (GR) MNS/KI/FE

08/12/05 1 Mohammed Hanif (27, man) Bangladesh suicide at asylum centre in Hechtel-Eksel (B), previously attempted suicide twice Universal Embassy (B)

30/11/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found in advanced state of decomposition on Tarifa beach by Guardia Civil Statewatch

28/11/05 18 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, 6 found, 12 missing after boat capsized off the coast of Gran Canaria MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/ABC/Raz/MUGAK

28/11/05 1 N.N. (man) unknown shot by police, minivan way to Europa refused to stop at check point on Carikci (TR) FE

27/11/05 22 N.N. Africa drowned, reportedly fallen from duckboat due to strong winds off the coast of Almeria MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM/NOB/PICUM

27/11/05 1 N.N. Africa found on duckboat carrying 36 migrants off the coast of Almeria during rescue attempt MNS/Statewatch/FE/ELM

25/11/05 1 N.N. (4, boy) Romania died after falling off a window at Villa Salus Reception Cr. for migrants in Bologna (I) LR

25/11/05 3 N.N. (men) Asia died of hypothermia in attempt to cross the border between Ukraine and Slovakia State Border Service (UA)

24/11/05 20 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near the coast of Scicli, Sicily (I) FE/LR/NOB

23/11/05 1 N.N. (27, man) unknown jumped from balcony anf fell in Den Haag (NL), in fear of arrest for deportation MAG/PICUM/Oz/NU

18/11/05 9 N.N. Africa drowned after boat capsized off the coast of Sicily. Ignored by Maltese coast guards. LR/MP/AD/MNS/Statewatch/FE/CDS/NOB/Unipa

15/11/05 1 N.N. (20, man) unknown stowaway, driver lost control over truck attempting to escape police in Prevenza (GR) KI/FE

12/11/05 1 Delroy Edward Jamaica murdered by a shotgun in Kingston (Jamaica) 9 days after being deported from GB IRR/WIK

10/11/05 1 Lizwane Ndlovu (29, woman) Zimbabwe died in Birmingham hospital, after release from Yarls Wood Detention Centre (GB) IRR

02/11/05 30 N.N. unknown 12 drowned, 18 missing boat with 36 migrants to Greek capsized near Cesme (TR) MNS/Statewatch/Ya.N/KI/FE/NOB

31/10/05 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found on a drifting vessel off the coast of Adra (Almeria, E) MNS/Statewatch

26/10/05 1 Maribel M. Rodriguez (30, w) Dominican Republic burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Kamal Shahin (51, man) Turkey burnt alive after fire in detention centre at Schipol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Taras Bilyk (30, man) Ukraine burnt alive in detention cr. at Schiphol(NL).He was also known as Vitaly Khvylovyy. LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Mehmet Avar (41, man) Turkey burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Vladislav Leniev Petrov (31, m) Bulgaria burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Lofti Al Swaee (32, man) Libya burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Robert Jules Arah (34, man) Suriname burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Naiva Apensa (43, man) Suriname burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Gheorge Sas (21, man) Romania burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Oksana Nynych (29, woman) Ukraine burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

26/10/05 1 Dato Khidiritsj Kasojef (20, m) Georgia burnt alive after a fire in detention centre at Schiphol Airport (NL) LR/MAG/MNS/Statewatch/VK/Vivre/ASKV/FE/PICUM/

25/10/05 7 N.N. Africa drowned, after vessel submerged off the coast of Malta MNS/MM/FE/NOB

25/10/05 1 N.N. unknown body found by greek coastguard aboard boat with 150 migrants on way to Italy NOB

21/10/05 1 Michail Sh. (32, man) Russia suicide, hanged himself with bed sheets while in police custody in Hamburg (D) ARI

12/10/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, in the attempt of swimming to the shore of Adra (Almeria) Statewatch/ELM/FENOB

06/10/05 6 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died in the attempt of entering the enclave of Melilla (E/MA) MNS/AFVIC/VK/LR/FE/ELM/NOB/AI

04/10/05 1 Yankuba Ceesay (18, man) Gambia suicide, found dead in a security cell in Linz (A), hungerstrike in fear of deportation TheStandard/NR/MNS/ORF/PICUM/WIKO

01/10/05 1 N.N. (38, man) Algeria died at friends’ house, beaten by security guards when he refused to be deported Le Matin/Vivre

01/10/05 17 N.N. unknown drwoned, 3 found, 14 missing after boat capsised off Fuerteventura in rescue attempt Statewatch/MUGAK/ABC/Raz

01/10/05 1 Hassan Mohammad (30, man) Afghanistan suicide, killed friend and her son, jumped from 5th floor in NL, fear of repatriation VK/aduc/Diario de Noticias/Diario de Navarra

01/10/05 2 N.N. (35, woman; 8, boy) unknown murdered, pushed down from 5th floor in NL by friend in fear of repatriation VK in Oct 05 1 Suleiman Dialo (30, man) Guinea suicide, asylum seeker suffering from depression killed himself in Newcastle (GB) Cpgb

in Oct 05 11 N.N. unknown shot by Spanish and Moroccan police whilst trying to cross fences to Ceuta and Melilla (E) APDHA/Chabacka

29/09/05 1 N.N. (30, man) Africa found off the coast of Agrigento (I), drowned after a massive disembarkment LR

28/09/05 5 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died shot by Moroccan border guards, attempting to enter in Ceuta (E/MA) NR/NRC/VK/NOB/AI/Terra

27/09/05 34 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsised in stormy waters off the North coast of Cyprus ILM/NOB

27/09/05 1 N.N. (20, man) Palestine drowned, jumped off stranded boat off the coast of Sicily, near marina di Palma (I) LS/GDS

21/09/05 18 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned off the coast of Morocco, near Dakhla, on their way to Canary Islands AFVIC/NOB

21/09/05 4 N.N. Africa found dead on a boat off the coast of Tunisia, traveling from Libya to Italy PICUM

19/09/05 1 N.N. Syria shot by a Turkish coast guard while on a boat on its way to Greece MNS/Spiegel/NOB

15/09/05 1 Manuel Bravo (35, man) Angola suicide, found hanged at Yarl’ s Wood Removal Cr. (GB) so that his son could stay in GB NCADC/BBC/MNS/Statewatch/TI/Leedstoday/IRR

15/09/05 1 N.N. Congo died in Melilla Hospital (E/MA) after attempt to enter the Spanish enclave AFVIC/AI

14/09/05 1 Edmore Ngwenya (26, man) Zimbabwe suicide,found drowned at Salford Quays (GB) NCADC/Manchester Evening News/IRR

13/09/05 1 N.N. (24, man) Liberia found dead, on a street in Geneva (CH), expelled from immigration centre Le Courrier/Vivre

11/09/05 11 N.N. Eritrea drowned, off the coast of Italy near Gela, traffickers – 7 Egyptians – were caught Unita/MNS/GDS/MP/LS/BBC/NOB/Unipa

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 14

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

10/09/05 11 N.N. Eritrea found dead on Licata Beach (I), drowned after boat got stranded south of Gela (I) MNS/LR/VK

10/09/05 1 N.N. (44, woman) Albania shot by Greek border guard near the border with Macedonia MNS

29/08/05 2 N.N. Cameroon died of injuries sustained attempting to enter the Spanish enclave of Melilla (E/MA) APDHA/MP/IND/NOB

19/08/05 26 N.N. Sudan drowned, after boat capsized south of Malta MNS/NOB/Unipa

16/08/05 2 N.N. Africa drowned, jumped off the boat while disembarking in Lampedusa (I) G.Sicilia/Unipa

13/08/05 4 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa stowaways, suffocated in container coming from Casablanca (MA) in Rotterdam (NL) PICUM/NOB

08/08/05 9 N.N. unknown 2 drowned, 7 missing after boat capsized off the coast of Lesvos (GR) PICUM

06/08/05 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned after his boat sank off the southern coast of Crete (GR) PICUM/NOB

04/08/05 23 N.N. (men) Mali, Senegal found dead on the coast of Tarfaya (Ma), drowned after boat capsized on way to E MNS/PICUM/NOB

03/08/05 1 N.N. (±30, man) unknown stowaway, found frozen in the landing gear of a plane in Brussels (B) BBC

20/07/05 2 N.N. unknown drowned after small boat capsised in attempt to reach Kos island in the Aegean Sea ORF

13/07/05 3 N.N. Somalia drowned, after their boat capsized off the coast of Turkey near Izmir MNS/NOB

07/07/05 1 Babak Ahadi (33, man) Iran suicide, set fire to himself at accommodation cr.in Bristol (GB) in fear of deportation. NCADC/IRR

02/07/05 1 Nusrat Raza (22, woman) Pakistan suicide, set herself on fire in Bradford (GB), depression after losing asylum appeal YP/IRR

01/07/05 1 N.N. (22, man) Iraq died of overheating, found on a parking place in Ludwigsfeld (D), smuggled paid $5000 ARI

27/06/05 1 Ramazan Kumluca (19, man) Kurdistan suicide, found hanged at Campsfield Removal Cr.(GB) after 3rd as. claim was refused TI/IRR/NCADC/BBC/PICUM/Independent

26/06/05 2 N.N. Tunesia drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Turkey near Dikili MNS/NOB

23/06/05 27 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in stormy waters off Malta; Maltese rescue-team came too late ORF/Unipa

13/06/05 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after their boat sank off the coast of Morocco on their way to Spain APDHA

13/06/05 14 N.N. (2 men;6 women;6 minors) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Tanger on their way from Morocco to Spain. BBC/APDHA/AFVIC/NCAs/IstitutoInnocenti/NOB

29/05/05 2 N.N. Georgia blown in a minefiled between Turkey and Greece while crossing border MAG

27/05/05 11 N.N. unknown died from dehydration near Algerian border after vehicle broke down in desert NOB/Thestar

25/05/05 16 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found in the Sicilian Channel (I), drowned after boat capsized south of Lampedusa (I) LR/NOB/Unipa

12/05/05 3 N.N. Africa stowaways, found dead in a container on a Danish ship between Morocco and Spain. MAG

11/05/05 1 N.N. (minor) Morocco found dead on a ship transporting migrants, stopped near the coast of Andalusia (E) AngolaPress

03/05/05 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead on the beach of Morro Besudo, Canary Islands (E) MNS

25/04/05 1 Shiar Ahmad (28, man) Syria suicide, found hanged after 2 months detention once repatriated to Syria from CH Tagesanzeiger/Swiss Parliament

15/04/05 24 N.N. Africa 5 drowned, 19 missing, after boat sank on its way from Libya to Italy PICUM

10/04/05 2 N.N. Morocco died of starvation on way to Spain,found on a boat drifting off the coast of Algeria AFVIC

10/04/05 16 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned off the coast of Algeria on way to Spain AFVIC

09/04/05 1 Limbaya Ndinga (32, man) Congo suicide, found hanged in his flat in Middleton (GB) after asylum claim was refused Middleton Guardian/IRR

04/04/05 1 N.N. Mauritania blown in minefield in attempt to cross the Turkish-Greek border TI/MAG/DPA/taz

04/04/05 1 N.N. Tunesia blown in minefield in attempt to cross the Turkish-Greek border TI/MAG/DPA/taz

01/04/05 1 N.N. (3 months, child) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia in his mother’s arms on their boat to Spain PICUM

31/03/05 13 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation on a boat drifting near El-Hierro (E)taz/NOB

31/03/05 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of starvation on a boat drifting near El-Hierro (E) APDHA/ORF/MAG

25/03/05 5 N.N. (men) China, Mongolia drowned, thrown off boat by smugglers 15 miles from Punta Secca (I) STR

25/03/05 1 N.N. (woman) China, Mongolia drowned, thown off boat by smugglers 15 miles from Punta Secca (I) STR

25/03/05 3 N.N. (men) China, Mongolia reportedly drowned, thrown off boat by smugglers 15 miles from Punta Secca (I) STR

24/03/05 6 N.N. China drowned, after they were forced to jump off, found off the coast of Sicily (I) PICUM/Statewatch/MNS/NOB/Unipa

12/03/05 11 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa found dead near the coast of Fum Wad, El-Aiun, West Sahara (MA) ACN/AFVIC/PICUM

12/03/05 50 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in attempt to reach Canarias from Fum al-Wad, West Sahara (MA) ACN

12/03/05 30 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned,found dead near coast of Fum Wad, El-Aiun, West Sahara (MA) AFVIC/APDHA

11/03/05 11 N.N. Bangladesh found dead on a boat from Morocco to Spain MAG/MNS

01/03/05 1 Ali Jafari (25, man) Afghanistan missing, after being deported to Afghanistan, after a 18 months asylum in BG Evening Gazette in Mar 05 3 N.N. (girls) Nigeria died of thirst, travelling through desert to Tumu, Niger to get to LY border LESP/Gatti/Migreurop

26/02/05 35 N.N. (±24, men) Morocco reportedly drowned near Oran (DZ) on the way from al-Hoceima (MA) to Spain AFVIC/ATMF/NOB

26/02/05 2 N.N. (±24, men) Morocco died at hospital in Oran (DZ) after boat was found drifting off the coast of Tunisia AFVIC/ATMF/NOB

25/02/05 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, found dead in a boat drifting 12 km from Cap Blanc, Oran (DZ) YABI/AFP 25/02/05 2 N.N. unknown found dead on a boat drifting near Oran (DZ), from Morocco to Almeria (E) AFP/YABI

25/02/05 1 Ramazan Kaya (26, man) Turkey suicide, jumped out of window, depressed because couldn’t get staying permit in D taz/ARI

22/02/05 1 Ben Habra Saharaouis (man) Algeria suicide, found hanged during period of remand, Authorities tried to suppress the case NR

21/02/05 1 N.N. (man) unknown died of hypothermia shortly after arriving in Alboran (E) by boat MNS

18/02/05 9 N.N. Egypt drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Libya, on way to Italy LR/CDS/PICUM

18/02/05 26 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after shipwreck off the coast of Libya, on way to Italy CDS/LR

14/02/05 1 Vincent Shem (32, man) Ghana suicide, found hanged in HM Prison in Wandsworth (GB) Inquest/IRR

07/02/05 39 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after 10-day sail from Al-Hoceima (MA) to Spain APDHA in Feb 05 2 N.N. Senegal drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Morocco near El-Ayunan on way to Spain Le Monde

25/01/05 1 Vladislav Babayan (man) Armenia suicide, found hanged in Merksplas (B), in fear of deportation De Gentenaar

23/01/05 1 N.N. (±27, man) unknown suicide, found hanged in prison in Sarnen (CH) Vivre

19/01/05 10 N.N. unknown found dead on a boat drifting 480 km suth of Canary Islands (E) PICUM/PAJOL/MAG/APDHA/MNS/NOB

11/01/05 1 Said Zigoui (44, man) Morocco suicide, jumped from hospital after recovered for self harm in Lamezia Terme (I) Cr. MP

07/01/05 1 Oury Jalloh (21, man) Sierra Leone burnt alive, found tied to a bed in a police cell in Dessau (D), case under investigation VRF/IND/St.W/VRF/SP/AN/MDR/ARI/PR/Afr.Courier/I

07/01/05 1 Laye-Alama Kondé Sierra Leone died in Bremen (D), forced to drink medication by police in search for drugs VRF/Statewatch/Karawane

05/01/05 1 N.N. Africa died of exhaustion, found dead on a beach in Fuerteventura (E) ANA/APDHA/NOB

02/01/05 1 N.N. Iran/Somalia drowned, after boat carrying 15 people sank off Turkish coast TP/PICUM/NOB 02/01/05 1 N.N. Iran/Somalia reportedly drowned, after a boat carrying 15 people sank off Turkish coast TP/PICUM/NOB in 2005 2 N.N. unknown suicide, found dead at Schipol Airport detention centre (NL) Nova TV(27/10/2005)

in 2005 1 Abdullah Tokhi (35, man) Afghanistan murdered after forced repatriation from GB to Afghanistan, asylum claim refused Independent in 2005 106 N.N. Nigeria reportedly abandoned in desert during repatriation to Niger (due to I-LY agreement) LESP/Gatti

in Jan 05 1 N.N. (girl) Ghana attacked and torn apart by wild dogs in Madama, Niger whilst travelling to LY border LESP/Gatti/Migreurop

30/12/04 6 N.N. Morocco drowned near Targha (MA) on their way to Spain AFVIC

30/12/04 4 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned near Targha (MA) on their way to Spain AFVIC

30/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found floating near Agaete – Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA

26/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa dead body found floating near San Cristóbal de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (E) MNS/APDGA/MUGAK

24/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa dead body found near Gran Canaria (E) MNS/APDHA/MUGAK

23/12/04 13 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa dead bodies found on a boat drifting near Fuerteventura (E) AFVIC/SP/MP/MNS/PICUM/Vivre/APDHA/MUGAK/NO

23/12/04 2 N.N. (men) unknown bodies found on a boat carriyng about 37 people near Fuerteventura (E) MP

22/12/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa dead bodies found on a boat drifting near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/Vivre

21/12/04 2 N.N. Africa found dead on a boat 24 miles from Fuerteventura (E) APDHA/MUGAK

21/12/04 1 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, after falling off boat 24 miles from Fuerteventura (E) APDHA/MUGAK

20/12/04 1 Razgar Rassool Hamad (24,man) Iraq died from hypothermia, body found outside a disused factory in West Bromwich (GB) BBC/IRR

18/12/04 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found in Lobos (E) 2 weeks after boat capsized off Fuerteventura MNS/MUGAK/APDHA

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 15

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

17/12/04 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found in Lobos (E) 2 weeks after boat capsized off Fuerteventura MNS/MUGAK

17/12/04 2 N.N. unknown died in attempt to enter into Melilla (E/MA), found dead on a cliff MUGAK

16/12/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, jumped off a vessel off the coast of Ghar Lapsi and Hagar Qim (M) MNS/MM/NOB/Unipa

14/12/04 1 N.N. (±19) Afghanistan drowned after boat carrying 17 people sank off Samos (GR) 4 days before MNS/NOB

10/12/04 3 N.N. Afghanistan drowned after boat carrying 17 people sank off Samos (GR) MNS/NOB

10/12/04 1 Necati Ozcan (man) unknown died in S.G.Hospital (London, GB) while in detention, reportedly of cancer IRR

04/12/04 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned after boat carrying 40 people capsized off Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA

04/12/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned after boat carrying 40 people capsized off Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA

04/12/04 2 N.N. (22; 23) Turkey died after explosion in minefield in Evros (GR) trying to cross Turkish-Greek border PICUM/KI/MNS/NOB

30/11/04 1 N.N. (man) Africa stowaway, fallen from wheelbay of a plane,body found in Louvain (B) MNS

28/11/04 14 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned during rescue operation of boat capsized near Antigua (E) AFVIC/Statewatch/APDHA/MUGAK/ABC/Raz

28/11/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies rescued after boat capsized near Antigua (E) AFVIC/Statewatch/MUGAK/APDHA/ABC/Raz

27/11/04 1 Hemen Mahmood Faqia (40,m) Iraq drowned, found in River Tyne (GB) after agreement on voluntary repatriation IRR

16/11/04 1 N.N. Africa stowaway, found dead in wheelbay of a plane arrived in Paris (F) from Mali MNS

14/11/04 12 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Malta ANA/ANSA/Unipa

14/11/04 3 N.N. unknown blown up in a minefield at the turkish-Greek border, near Evros (GR) ORF/NOB

13/11/04 10 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsized in stormy waters off the coast of Malta MNS/NOB

12/11/04 5 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned near Fuerteventura (E) during rescue attempt MNS/AFVIC/Libertaddigital/NOB

12/11/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned near Fuerteventura (E) during rescue attempt MNS/AFVIC/Libertaddigital/NOB

10/11/04 7 N.N. Somalia/Mauritania reportedly drowned, after boat from Africa capsized in Aegean Sea MNS

10/11/04 9 N.N. Somalia/Mauritania drowned, after boat from Africa capsized in Aegean Sea MNS/NOB

07/11/04 1 Kenny Peter (24, man) Nigeria suicide, fell from Colnbrook imm. Removal Centre (GB) trying to hang himself NCADC/IRR/Inquest/PPO in Nov 04 1 Bukola Ogunyemi Nigeria died after being beaten up at French airport for not having visa from Hungary MLKO

28/10/04 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead near Licata (I) LR/Unipa

23/10/04 1 N.N. (baby) Somalia born dead, thrown overboard before Maltese rescue team arrived ANA

15/10/04 28 N.N. unknown dead bodies found near Tarfaya (Ma) APDHA/MUGAK/AFVIC/DPA

15/10/04 1 John Kanau Manana (24, man) Kenia suicide, found hanged in his cell at Leicester prison (GB). NCADC/IRR

14/10/04 1 N.N.(man) Egypt/Pakistan drowned after boat capsized 70 miles from Malta MP/Statewatch/MNS/di-ve news/Unipa

14/10/04 1 N.N. (man) Egypt/Pakistan reportedly drowned after boat capsized 70 miles from Malta MP/Statewatch

14/10/04 1 Majid Rafieei (32, man) Iran suicide, found hanged at his home in Sheffield (GB) after asylum claim was refused NCADC

03/10/04 22 N.N. North Africa drowned, after boat capsized 170 km off Tunisia ANA/CDS/MT/Vivre/MUGAK/StW./MNS/SFGate/DS/VK

03/10/04 42 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Tunisia ANA/CDS/Vivre/MUGAK/Statewatch/DS

02/10/04 75 N.N. Morocco/Tunesia drowned after their boat sank off the coast of Tunisia on way to Italy. PICUM/Unipa

01/10/04 30 N.N. unknown missing, reportedly drowned near Lampedusa (I) LR/Unipa

in Oct 04 50 N.N. unknown road accident, crushed in a truck that overturned in Dirkou, Niger, heading for LY border LESP/Gatti/Migreurop

30/09/04 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after their boat capsized on way to Fuerteventura (E) APDHA

29/09/04 1 N.N. (40, man) Slovakia suicide, set himself on fire in Paris (F) in front of his embassy slovensko.com

29/09/04 2 N.N. (4, 5, boys) Somalia/Kurdistan drowned, fell into water playing near asylum centre in Harlingen (NL) VK

27/09/04 1 N.N. (23, man) Yugoslavia died in detention Centre due to pulmonay embolish, lacking medical care INDd

26/09/04 1 Ceife Yimene (24, man) Ethiopia suicide, found hanged in an emergency accommodation in Newcastle (GB) NCADC/IRR

21/09/04 4 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead on a boat drifting a few miles from Zarzis (TN) MP/AP/PICUM

20/09/04 5 N.N. Afghanistan drowned, after their boat capsized in stormy waters off of the Greek coast near Samos PICUM

11/09/04 1 Kalan Kara Karim (29, man) unknown died while in detention in Great britain GuardianUn./IRR/Scotman News

10/09/04 1 N.N. (32, man) Algeria reportedly drowned, found at border of Playa de la Hípica (E) and Beni-Enzar (MA) APDHA

09/09/04 8 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned 50 km from Entellada-Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK/APDHA/Statewatch

09/09/04 5 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Fuerteventura MUGAK/PICUM/MNS

09/09/04 1 N.N. (man) Morocco suicide, during his deportation from Almería (E) to Al-Hoceima (MA) MUGAK/APDHA/PICUM

08/09/04 1 N.N. (man) Congo suicide, found in Merksplas (B) detention centre, was denied medical help for depression UE/MNS/sgcv

03/09/04 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, found floating off the coast of Tánger (MA) APDHA/MUGAK/VK

02/09/04 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, body found near Benzú, Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK/APDHA

02/09/04 1 Rafiq Sjirinov Azerbaijan died after being deported from Sweden to Azerbaijan. MNS

in Sep 04 6 N.N.(±16, man) unknown reportedly drowned, after shipwreck between Capo Bon (TN) and Pantelleria (I) MP/Statewatch

01/09/04 1 N.N. (17, man) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in his cell in Bellinzone (CH) Vivre/MNS

29/08/04 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, bodies found in two trucks in Cairo (Egypt) on their way to Italy ANA

29/08/04 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, found floating near harbor of Algesiras (E) MUGAK/APDHA

25/08/04 1 Amor Knis (25, man) Tunesia stowaway, body found in the trunk of his girlfriend’s car in Genova (I) RAI/ANSA/ILM

24/08/04 1 N.N. (25, man) Morocco stowaway, found dead in the roof luggage rack of a car on way to Spain MNS

23/08/04 5 N.N. Afghanistan 1 drowned, 4 missing, boat capsized on way from Altinoluk (TR) to Lesbos Island (E) IMK

22/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Afghanistan drowned, body found after shipwreck by fishermen off the Turkish coast of Nordägäis DerStandard

22/08/04 4 N.N. Afghanistan reportedly drowned, missing after shipwreck off the coast of Nordägäis DerStandard

21/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, jumped overboard in fear of border guards near Motril (E) ELM/LOP/APDHA/MUGAK/StW

21/08/04 1 N.N. (25, man) Morocco stowaway, dead body found in Playa de Palmones-Los Barrios, Cadiz (E) LOP/MUGAK/APDHA/Statewatch

21/08/04 3 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, found in Los Pajaritos (E), after shipwreck near Fuerteventura (E) ELM/GRP/ANA/MUGAK/Statewatch/La Opinión

21/08/04 1 N.N. Mali drowned, body found in Los Pajaritos (E), after shipwreck near Fuerteventura (E) ELM/GRP/ANA/MUGAK/La Opinión

21/08/04 1 N.N. Maghreb dead body found on the beach in Granada (E) MUGAK/Statewatch

21/08/04 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned,after a shipwreck off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch 20/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Nigeria suicide , found dead in detention centre in Rotterdam (NL), in fear of deportation MNS/VK

17/08/04 14 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead on the beach of El-Aaiún, West Sahara (MA) APDHA

16/08/04 4 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, found dead on the beach of El-Aaiún, West Sahara (MA) APDHA

16/08/04 16 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsized with 34 people on way to Canarias (E) APDHA

15/08/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown arm belonging to an asylum seeker found near Uznach (CH) Vivre

13/08/04 32 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned; boat capsized with 39 people going to Fuerteventura (E) MC/MP/ILM/MUGAK/APDHA/MNS/DS/ABC/Raz

13/08/04 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after boat capsized on its way to Fuerteventura (E) MC/MP/ILM/GRP/MUGAK/APDHA/MNS 09/08/04 1 Chukwuemeka Onyegbule(23,m) Nigeria suicide, found hanged in Forest /Vorst Prison (Bruxelles), misterious circumstances ISMD/UE/INDbe/EmekaIst.

08/08/04 26 N.N. North Africa died in overcrowded boat trying to reach I from Libia, bodies thrown overboard Vivre/BBC/IRR/LaS/RO/LS/MUGAK/LR/DS/VK

08/08/04 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died during rescue of an overcrowded boat trying to reach Italy from Libya Vivre/BBC/IRR/LaS/RO/LS/MUGAK/Vivre/LR

08/08/04 1 N.N. (1, boy) Liberia died in overcrowded boat trying to reach Italy from Libya, thrown off the boat CDS/Vivre 08/08/04 1 N.N. unknown found dead, floating off the beach of Punta Carnero, Algesiras (E) APDHA

07/08/04 1 N.N. Africa died during rescue attempt by Italian authorities in Siracusa (I) ANA/ART

05/08/04 1 N.N. (30, woman) Sudan pregnant, reportedly thrown off a boat to Italy by other migrants LS/STR/ILM/Unipa

05/08/04 1 N.N. (man) Palestine died in minefield at TR-GR border with 4 Palestinians and 2 Moroccan who survived YaN

02/08/04 5 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Cadiz (E) ANA in Aug 04 1 Taher Mohamed Zanati Egypt drowned, after shipwreck off the coast of Libya MP/ANSA

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 16

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Aug 04 1 N.N. Morocco stowaway, dead body found in a car in Cadiz (E) MUGAK

in Aug 04 1 Ako Mahmood Ahmed (25, man) Iraq suicide, jumped off a bridge at Coventry shopping cr.(GB), suffered from depression IRR/NCADC

in Aug 04 18 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead near Zelid (LY)LR in Aug 04 23 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned near Zelid (LY) LR/Unipa

in Aug 04 1 Edwin Ndupus (37, man) Nigeria died after police’s use of teargas, circumstances not clear Akin in Aug 04 5 N.N. (4 men; 1 woman) Sudan/Ghana drowned after dinghy capsized on way from Libya to Italy Servir

31/07/04 3 N.N. (men) Maghreb drowned near Punta Paloma in Tarifa (E), after patera capsized with 33 people MNS/MC/MUGAK/Terra/TN/Vivre

31/07/04 1 N.N. (woman) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned near Punta Paloma in Tarifa (E), after boat capsized with 33 people MNS/MC/MUGAK/Terra/TN/Vivre

31/07/04 1 N.N. (6 months) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned near Punta Paloma in Tarifa (E), after boat capsized ADN

30/07/04 1 Carlos Requelme (50, man) Chile suicide, found hanged in prison in Livorno (I), waiting to be put on trial RIS

30/07/04 10 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat capsized with 33 migrants near Punta Paloma (E) APDHA

28/07/04 1 N.N.(34, man) Dominican Republic suicide, found hanged in prison in Busto Arsizio (I) after 4 days of detention RIS

26/07/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan-Africa dead body found floating near the coast of Melilla (E/MA) MC/APDHA

23/07/04 1 Tung Tran Quang (23, man) Vietnam suicide, found hanged at Dungavel det. cr. (Scotland-GB),he was denied interpreter IRR/SC/The Herald/NCADC

21/07/04 1 N.N. (20, man) Cuba stowaway, frozen in landing gear of airplain from Dominican Republic in Düsseldorf SP

19/07/04 1 Sergey Barnuyck (31, man) Ukraine suicide, hanged himself in Harmondsworth Centre (GB) in fear of deportation IRR/MSN/ERB/NCADC

09/07/04 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned,body found in Lanzarote (E) MUGAK

05/07/04 5 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found dead near Tripoli (LY) ANSA/Unipa

02/07/04 1 Nicolae Doru (37, man) Romania suicide, found hanged in prison in Frosinone (I) in fear of deportation RIS in Jul 04 1 N.N. (25, man) Bangladesh suicide under psychiatric care at Akademiska S. in Uppsala after reject. of as.appl. MNS in Jul 04 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, presumly died in cargo ship «Victoria», his body removed near Casablanca MNS 01/07/04 1 Salah Talbouz (28, man) Morocco suicide, found hanged in prison in Ivrea (I) RIS in Jul 04 1 N.N. (man) Vietnam shot by the police in Purmerend (NL) in front of his flat IRR

29/06/04 9 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near Capo Bon (TN) LR

29/06/04 6 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Capo Bon (TN) LR

25/06/04 1 Hussein Nasseri (26, man) Iran suicide, shot himself in his car after his asylum claim was refused (GB) SC/BBC/IRR/NCADC

24/06/04 1 N.N. unknown drowned, dead body found near Lampedusa (I) ILM/Unipa

14/06/04 1 Marisa Bartolomeu (22, woman) Angola no medical care, died on way from recemption camp in Eindhoven (NL) to hospital EindhovensDagblad/MAG/VK

14/06/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown dead body found in Vélez-Málaga beach (E), reportedly a refugee from a shipwreck MC/APDHA

10/06/04 1 Abdinassir Abdulatif (24, man) Somalia killed in Mogadishu (Somalia) after deportation from NL MNS/Vivre/VK

08/06/04 1 N.N. (27, man) unknown hanged himself in refugee housing facility in GB, police refused to reveal details PAIH

07/06/04 9 N.N. unknown decomposing bodies were found in the southwest of the island of Crete (GR) ANSA

06/06/04 6 N.N. (young men) Tunisia drowned after their boat sank near the port of Sfax on way from Tunisia to Italy LS/ANSA

06/06/04 4 N.N. (men) Tunisia reportedly drowned when boat sank off the Tunisian coast on way to Italy LS/ANSA

05/06/04 4 N.N. unknown drowned, decomposed bodies retrieved from sea off island of Crete (GR) MNS

04/06/04 6 N.N. Tunisia drowned on way to Italy, found dead after shipwreck near Sfax (Tunisia) MNS 04/06/04 4 N.N. Tunisia reportedly drowned on way to Italy, found dead after shipwreck near Sfax (Tunisia) MNS in Jun 04 1 Mohamed Yahya (man) Somalia killed by other clan after deportation from DK to Mogadishu (Somalia) MNS/Vivre/VK

28/05/04 1 Azrar Ayub (24) unknown died at Prestwich hospital, after being sedated and restrained by staff IRR

25/05/04 3 N.N. (men) unknown found dead on highway A7, after being abandoned by driver of a van near San Roque (E) APDHA/PICUM

25/05/04 1 Georgy Petko (37, man) Ukraine died in fear of deportation from Portugal to Ukraine, auth. overruled court sentence PUB

24/05/04 1 Kiann F. Ghaemzade (50, w) Iran suicide while in a detention centre in Carlslund, near Stockholm (S) MNS/ERB/UNHCR

23/05/04 4 N.N. Senegal stowaways, reportedly drowned, forced overboard 2000 km off Canary Islands SP/Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK/MC

19/05/04 1 N.N. (22, man) Guinea asylum seeker murdered in park near Asylum Seeker Centre Tattes in Vernier (F) JdeGe/CO

18/05/04 1 Zekria Ghulam Moham(27, man) Afghanistan suicide, found hanged in his flat in Glasgow (GB), facing eviction IRR/PAIH/SCOT/SM/NCADC

18/05/04 1 N.N. (man) Africa stowaway, found dead in landing gear of plane from Africa, 10 km south of Lisbon (P) MNS/PUB/OCPM

17/05/04 1 N.N. Africa stowaway, found dead in De Gaulles airport (F) on a flight from Madagascar MNS

17/05/04 5 N.N. Africa stowaway, died from inhalation of toxic gas in a ship on way to Las Palmas (E) MNS

15/05/04 1 Kebba “Dobo” Jobe Gambia died after police attempt to arrest him in London (GB) IRR

15/05/04 1 N.N. (4, boy) unknown drowned, found near asylum centre Kuidertocht in Luttelgeest, Flevoland (NL) VK

10/05/04 1 Julia Kowaltschuk unknown suicide, overdose of pills, mentally ill refugees, help not provided by social workers FR-Th

07/05/04 2 N.N. (women) Bolivia killed in a collision with a train at a level crossing in Hellin (E) MNS

07/05/04 2 N.N. (men) Bolivia killed in a collision with a train at a level crossing in Hellin (E) MNS

07/05/04 1 N.N. (woman) Bolivia pregnant, killed in a collision with a train at alevel crossing in Hellin (E) MNS

05/05/04 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead near Kerkenah (TN) ANSA/Unipa in May 04 1 N.N. (man) unknown suicide, found hanged in Barlinnie – Scotland (GB) in fear of deportation PAIH

01/05/04 1 Kabeya DimukaBijoux (35, man) Congo died in Haslar Centre-Gosport (GB) of the injures sustained after arrest PORTS/ERB/IRR/NCADC

27/04/04 2 N.N. (men) North Africa stowaways, found dead in the hold of a Turkish cargo-ship at port of Cartagena (E) MNS/Statewatch

23/04/04 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan-Africa hypothermia, going from Africa to Fuerteventura (E) by boat with other people. MC

22/04/04 1 N.N. (± 25, woman) Marocco drowned when disembarking in Granada (E) from a vessel coming from Morocco MNS

19/04/04 1 N.N. (man) Asia jumped from the boat into the sea to avoid the Civil Guard (E) MC

19/04/04 1 Orhan B. (man) Turkey suicide,found hanged in Hamburg (D) jail. 2nd suicide attempt in fear of deportation. jW/taz/EPP

17/04/04 15 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, two boats collided, hit rocks on way from Africa to Fuerteventura (E) FR-NRW/Vivre/MC/Statewatch/YaN

17/04/04 1 Esther Down (9 months, girl) Nigeria drowned, 2 overcrowded boats collided near Fuertaventura’s coast (E) FR-NRW/MC/VK

17/04/04 1 N.N. (man) Pakistan stowaway, shot by police, after the van failed to stop at the border H-SK MNS

17/04/04 1 N.N. Asia stowaway, shot by police, after the van failed to stop at the border H-SK MNS

17/04/04 14 N.N. Africa drowned, after 2 boats collided near the coasts of Fuertaventura (E) VK

17/04/04 1 Ronald Down (man) Nigeria drowned, 2 boats overloaded with migrants collided near Fuertaventura’s coast (E) FR-NRW/MC/VK

11/04/04 1 Mohamed Ezzoubair Morocco shot to death by police in Ceuta (E/MA), body hidden for some days near MA border IRR

11/04/04 1 N.N. Albania suicide, hanged himself in the prison of Fuhlsbüttel (D) in fear of deportation ProAsyl

10/04/04 30 N.N. Somalia drowned on the way from Libya to Italy FR-NRW/ANA/ANSA/Unipa

04/04/04 1 N.N. (man) Algeria tried to reach Ceuta (E/MA) by swimming, dead body found on beach of Tarajal MC/MNS/Statewatch

04/04/04 1 John Williams Africa denied medical assistance in asylum centre in Halberstadt (D) RP/Indymedia/ 02/04/04 1 Shahid Aziz (25, man) Asia found dead in a prison cell in GB, reportedly killed by a racist cellmate IRR/GuardianUn in Apr 04 12 N.N. North Africa died being fourteen days at sea without food and water in Gibraltar Strait IRR 14/03/04 1 Kingsley Williamson (man) Jamaica suicide, hanged himself in Norwich (GB) prison, depressed awaiting deportation IRR 08/03/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown decomposed dead body found; reportedly tried to reach Ceuta (E/MA) by swimming MC

28/02/04 1 Ümit Abay (23, man) Turkey set himself on fire in Cologne (D) in fear of his deportation to Turkey AN

26/02/04 1 N.N. (man) North Africa body found on the beach La Barrosa in Chiclana de la Frontera-Cadiz (E) MC

24/02/04 13 N.N. Somalia reportedly drowned when their ship sank off the western coast off Turkey NOB/MNS

24/02/04 15 N.N. Somalia drowned, ship sank off the Turkish coast, bodies washed ashore near Ayvalik NOB/MNS

11/02/04 16 N.N. Egypt drowned when their two boats capsized in a storm on the way to Italy NOB/Vivre

11/02/04 20 N.N. Egypt reportedly drowned when two boats capsized in a storm on the way to Italy NOB/Vivre

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 17

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

05/02/04 2 N.N. unknown stowaways, decomposing bodies found on cargo ship from Ghana to Hull (GB) MET/IRR

01/02/04 1 N.N. (39, man) unknown suicide, found hanged in prison in Lachen (CH) Vivre

30/01/04 5 N.N. (±25, men) China/Afghanistan drowned, discovered near Rafina (GR) after their boat sank in stormy sea MNS

30/01/04 14 N.N. China/Afghanistan reportedly drowned, after boat sank in stormy sea near Rafina (GR) MNS 30/01/04 5 N.N. (men) unknown frozen to death during blizzard, trying to cross Turkish-Greek border near Feres NON 30/01/04 5 N.N. (±25) Asia drowned when trying to swim across river Evros between Turkey and Greece MNS

29/01/04 5 N.N. Kurdistan drowned, bodies found off Karystos (GR), boat sank in stormy waters NOB

29/01/04 14 N.N. Kurdistan reportedly drowned, after boat sank off Karystos (GR) NOB

25/01/04 4 N.N. unknown drowned, boat sank on way from Libya to Italy, found by coast guards NON/FORBES

24/01/04 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat sank on way from Libya to Italy Unipa

21/01/04 1 N.N. (man) unknown dead body found in Fuerteventura’s waters (E), reportedly from an old shipwreck MC

21/01/04 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found dead near Lampedusa (I) ANSA/Unipa

18/01/04 3 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat capsized off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) MC

16/01/04 14 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat capsized on reef off Fuerteventura (E) on way from Africa Tiroler Tageszeitung/Salzburger Nachrichten/Yahoo/MC

16/01/04 2 N.N. North Africa drowned, boat capsized on reef off Fuerteventura (E) on way from Africa YaN/MNS/MC/NOB

16/01/04 3 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized off Fuerteventura (E) on way from Africa YaN/MNS/MC/NOB

10/01/04 18 N.N. (men) Albania froze to death on a boat on the way from Vlora (AL) to Italy GuardianUn./KI/BBC/SD-Agencies/AJC/IP/Vivre/YaN/M

10/01/04 5 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned after boat sank, tragedy on the way from Vlora (AL) to Italy GuardianUn./KI/BBC/SD-Agencies/AJC/IP/Vivre/LR

10/01/04 3 N.N. (women) Albania died of hypothermia on a boat on the way from Vlora (AL) to Italy GuardianUn./KI/BBC/SD-Agencies/AJC/IP/Vivre/YaN/M

03/01/04 1 N.N. unknown stowaways, found dead in cargo ship in Pasaia (E) coming from Camerun Statewatch/MNS

01/01/04 1 N.N. (man) Iraq suicide, set fire to himself in London in fear of deportation IRR

in 2004 2 Tschianana Nguya (34, woman) Congo deported pregnant from Germany, imprisoned in Congo, got late medical care,baby died Statewatch/ProAsyl/FR-NieSa/ARI

in 2004 1 N.N. (1 hour old, baby) Congo mother deported ill/pregnant from Germany, imprisoned in Congo, no medical care Statewatch

27/12/03 1 N.N. (3, boy) unknown asylum seeker’s child drowned, fell into ditch near Asylum Centre Dalem (NL) VK

20/12/03 7 N.N. (men) Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. drowned, boat sank off coast of Marmaris (TR) on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK

20/12/03 51 N.N. Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. reportedly drowned, boat sank off Turkish coast on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK

20/12/03 1 N.N. (woman) Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. reportedly drowned, after boat sank off Turkish coast on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK

20/12/03 1 N.N. (10, girl) Jordania/Irak/Iran/Afghan. reportedly drowned, after boat sank off Turkish coast on way from Turkey to Greece MNS/NI/AP/SP/Kurier/Vielfaltletter/BBC/MUGAK/IMK

12/12/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan stowaway, suffocated on a cargo ship on way from Cameroon to Spain MNS/Statewatch

12/12/03 1 N.N. unknown drowned, after a shipwreck near Tripoli (LY), on the way to Italy IPL/Unipa

02/12/03 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/GuardianUn./MUGAK/ABC/Raz

02/12/03 1 N.N. Marocco reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/GuardianUn/MUGAK/ABC/Raz

02/12/03 2 N.N. Gambia reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/ABC/Raz

02/12/03 11 N.N. Malia reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK/ABC/Raz

01/12/03 1 N.N. (±27, man) Sub-Saharan Africa body found near beach Fuente Caballos, Cadiz (E) SH in Dec 03 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, reason of death unknown, body found in italian ship in Amsterdam’s harbour VK in Dec 03 1 Daniel (19, man) unknown dehydration, died of thirst while travelling to Europe through Sahara desert LESP

23/11/03 1 N.N. unknown drowned, reportedly trying to swimm Ceuta (E/MA), body found in Chorillo (E) MUGAK

10/11/03 1 N.N. (25, man) Iraq found dead on a boat drifting 25 n. miles south of Pantelleria (I) INDi/IPL/Unipa

10/11/03 1 Liang He (23, man) unknown suicide, found hanged at Bedford prison (GB) NCADC

07/11/03 8 N.N. unknown died of starvation in a small boat, set to arrive in Motril (E) Statewatch/MUGAK/MNS

07/11/03 2 N.N. North Africa died frozen in a boat carrying about 40 migrants to Motril (E) Indymedia/MUGAK

03/11/03 1 AbdulH.GhernoutOmar (31, m) Algeria hanged himself in police custody in Valetta in fear of deportation Malta Independent/MNS/FIDH

03/11/03 1 Paul Yorke (man) unknown found dead in his cell in Heathrow police station MNS in Nov 03 17 N.N. Morocco drowned after shipwreck near Larache (Morocco) SOS

in Nov 03 1 N.N. (man) Russia suicide, hanged himself in Polmont Prison (GB) in fear of deportation PAIH in Nov 03 13 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, after shipwreck near Larache (Ma) SOS

26/10/03 1 N.N. (man) Bangladesh frozen to death in forest near Eisenstadt (A) after crossing Hungarian border MNS/Die Bunte

26/10/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned in the attempt to swim to Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK

25/10/03 37 N.N. North-Africa drowned, bodies recovered/washed ashore after shipwrecking in bay of Cadiz (E) Statewatch/MNS/Indymedia/VK/AP/GuardianUn/Trouw

25/10/03 11 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized in storm near Cadiz (ESP) MNS

22/10/03 37 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after boat capsized near Rota (E) MNS

21/10/03 22 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat capsized on way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) MNS/Vivre/TL

21/10/03 6 N.N. unknown drowned after boat capsized on the way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) MSN/WOZ/TL/Vivre

21/10/03 5 N.N. unknown drowned when boat sank off the Tunisian coast on way to Italy NOB/TL/IPL

20/10/03 13 N.N. Libya died of starvation on a boat from Libya to Italy being 20 days without food Miami Herald/TL

20/10/03 1 Mohammed Bin Duhri (20, man) Palestine suicide, found hanged at Belmarsh maximum security prison (GB) IRR/NCADC/ERB

19/10/03 12 N.N. Somalia found dead of cold/hunger on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/LR/MNS/YaN/Pogledi/GuardianUn/VK/SP/V

19/10/03 50 N.N. Somalia reportedly died of cold/hunger on ship from Libya to Italy, thrown overboard Statewatch/LR/MNS/Pogledi/GuardianUn/VK/SP/Vivre

19/10/03 1 N.N. (woman) Somalia died of hypothermia and starvation on ship fom Libya to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/LR/MNS/YaN/Pogledi/GuardianUn/VK/SP/V

18/10/03 4 N.N. unknown drowned, bodies found on the beach in Larache (MA) APDHA/MUGAK

17/10/03 1 N.N. (young man) Somalia died on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) due to bad conditions Statewatch/MNS/LR/IPL

17/10/03 1 N.N. (15) Somalia died on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) due to bad conditions Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/IPL

17/10/03 7 N.N. (adults) Somalia drowned after boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) on the way from Libya Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/TL/Mugak/IPL/

17/10/03 1 N.N. (3) Somalia found dead on ship from Libya to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/IPL/DPA

17/10/03 1 N.N. (13, boy) Somalia drowned after boat capsized near Lampedusa (I) on the way from Libya Statewatch/MNS/LR/SP/TL/Mugak/IPL

09/10/03 1 N.N. (±16, boy) Congo stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of Brazzaville (Congo) – Paris (F) flight AFP/MNS/Vivre

04/10/03 2 N.N. North Africa drowned in the waters of Bahía Feliz (E), their boat had been intercepted earlier AFP/MUGAK

03/10/03 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, ship sunk on way from North-Africa to Lampedusa (I) in international water YaN/GDS/ILM/IPL/TL

03/10/03 5 N.N. Iraq/Pakistan drowned near the Island of Evia (GR) trying to reach Greek coast by boat MNS/Flüchtlingsrat-Brandenburg/ILM

03/10/03 1 Lewon A. (48, man) Georgia Armenian, set himself on fire in Biedenkopf (D), asylum application was rejected MNS/ERB

03/10/03 1 N.N. (man) unknown shot by border guard while trying to cross border between Morocco and Spain MUGAK

01/10/03 2 N.N. (±30, men) Sub-Saharan Africa stowaways, suffocated in cargo ship on way from Ivory Coast to La Coruña (E) MNS

in Oct 03 1 N.N. unknown died on a boat on the way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) Haarlems Dagblad in Oct 03 3 N.N. (2 children; 1 adult) unknown died on a ship and thrown overboard on way from Tunisia to Sicily (I) Haarlems Dagblad

in Oct 03 5 N.N. North Africa dead bodies found in a refrigerator truck which took fire on way to Algesiras (E) SOS

01/10/03 3 N.N. Guinea drowned, jumped off vessel off the coast of Havre (F) NOB

29/09/03 7 N.N. Pakistan died in minefield trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/Flüchtlingsrat-Brandenburg/BBC

23/09/03 1 Vullnet Bytyci (18, man) Albania shot to death by border guard while trying to cross Albanian-Greek border AI

18/09/03 2 N.N. (±23, man; ±23, woman) unknown drowned, while trying to swim from Morocco to Ceuta (E/MA) MNS

18/09/03 1 Soran Karim (23) Iraq Kurd, asylum seeker died in minibus collision while illegaly in Great Britain BBC

09/09/03 26 N.N. (2 women) Pakistan/Asia drowned in river Evros on Turkish-Greek border after boat capsized BBC/Statewatch/AP

07/09/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, fell overboard after boat intercepted by coastguard near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/MUGAK

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 18

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

04/09/03 1 Tema Kombe (32, man) Uganda suicide, found hanged in toilet of psychiatric ward at Heatherwood Hospital (GB) icB/IRR/NCADC

03/09/03 1 Israfil Shiri (30, man) Iran set fire to himself, after being denied necessary medication in Manchester (GB) BBC/Socialist Worker/NCADC/IRR/Asylum Policy/gay.

02/09/03 1 N.N. (34, man) Algeria jumped out of the window trying to escape police check in Sartrouville (F) MNS/Grand Paris

01/09/03 2 N.N. unknown drowned after their overloaded boat sunk off the Tunisian coast, on way to Italy NOB

01/09/03 1 Vasiliy Todchuk (24, man) Russia suicide, found hanged in a building site in Govan, Glasgow (GB) NCADC/IRR

30/08/03 1 Andrej Donorov (34, man) Ukraine suicide, 11 days after being deported from NL to Spain, was mentally ill (schizophrenia) VK/NRC/Oz/Zelf

30/08/03 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found dead near Lanzarote (E) MUGAK

26/08/03 1 N.N. (16, boy) Afghanistan stowaway, coming from Greece found dead in back of truck near Rimini (I) AFP

23/08/03 1 N.N. (33, man) unknown died after fight with another asylum seeker in asylum centre Harlingen (NL) Trouw/VK/PLi

18/08/03 1 N.N. (25, man) Liberia died of a heart attack after his arrival at refugee centre in Lampedusa (I) LR/IPL/Unipa

17/08/03 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body found near Tarifa (E) between rocks, 2.5 meters under sea level MUGAK

17/08/03 1 Hekmat Karim Salih (29) Iraq kurd, stowaway, crushed to death in lorry going from France to Poole (GB) BBC/CARF/Kurdmedia/IRR

14/08/03 5 N.N. (3 children) Iraq/Sudan/Somalia drowned, trafficker made hole in boat on way from Ayvalik (TR) to Lesbos (GR) Twee Vandaag

13/08/03 5 N.N. (4 women; 1 man) unknown drowned, body found on a beach near Edremit (TR) MNS/AFP

09/08/03 1 N.N. (24, man) Chechnia died in violent confrontation with Moldovians in refugee centre Traiskirchen (A) MNS/Asyl in Not

01/08/03 10 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat sank off the shore of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/AFP/MUGAK in Aug 03 13 N.N. unknown drowned, forced to jump into sea and threatened with a knife by 2 skippers. SOS in Aug 03 9 N.N. unknown drowned after shipwreck near Barbate (E) SOS

31/07/03 15 N.N. Africa drowned after boat capsized near Canary Island of Fuerteventura (E) AFP/MNS/MUGAK/Statewatch

28/07/03 1 N.N. Africa drowned off the coast of Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MUGAK

27/07/03 1 Erdogan Tahir (37, man) Turkey died of thirst, body found hanging from train in railway station of Gorizia (I) IET/ILP

25/07/03 1 N.N. Africa drowned off the coast of Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MUGAK

19/07/03 21 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead off the coast of Libya IPL/Unipa

18/07/03 25 N.N. unknown drowned, after two shipwrecks occured near Sur de Aiun (MA) MUGAK

15/07/03 1 Cheibani Wague Mauritania soffocated after police maltreatments and physical abuse in Vienna (A) IRR/Malmoe/COE

14/07/03 5 N.N. North-Africa drowned after shipwreck near Barranco H.-Tarifa (E), bodies found by Guardia Civil Statewatch/AFP/MNS/GuardianUn/MUGAK

14/07/03 30 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, after shipwreck near Barranco Hondo-Tarifa (E) MNS

09/07/03 1 Elmas Ozmico (40, woman) Turkey died of septicaemia at Dover Hospital (GB), after her pleas for a doctor were ignored GuardianUn/Inquest/BBC/IRR

06/07/03 1 Faizullah Ahmedi (19, man) Afghanistan suicide, hanged himself in house in Blackburn (GB) awaiting decision on asylum claim IRR

in Jul 03 15 N.N. unknown drowned while being transferred to a Guardia Civil launch near Fuerteventura GuardianUn 01/07/03 1 Hüseyin Dikec (man) unknown suicide, set himself on fire in Aliens Office of Gütersloh (D) in fear of deportation ERB in Jul 03 2 N.N. unknown bodies found by life boat crew in the water in the Channel, dead trying to enter Britain IRR

29/06/03 9 N.N. Libya drowned, vessel capsized near Capo Bon (TN) on way to Italy MNS/NOB/IPL/Vita/TL/Unipa

23/06/03 2 N.N. (women) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, dead bodies found flooting in front of Tarifa (E) MUGAK

20/06/03 189 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized on way from Libya to Italy near port of Sfax Statewatch/MNS/AFP/GuardianUn/ABC/Observer/LR/Y

20/06/03 20 N.N. unknown drowned, boat capsized on way from Libya to Italy near port of Sfax Statewatch/MNS/AFP/GuardianU/ABC/Observer/LR/Ya

18/06/03 1 N.N. (25, man) Ivory Coast stowaway, drowned, jumped overboard a containership in English Channel BBC/MNS/YaN/IRR

16/06/03 63 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, ship sank on way from Tunisia to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/MNS/AFP/TG/PLi/IND/Nouvel Obs./TN/AG 16/06/03 3 N.N. (men) North Africa drowned, ship sank on way from Tunisia to Lampedusa (I) Statewatch/MNS/AFP/TG/PLi/IND/LR/IPL/CNNit/ILN/C

16/06/03 4 N.N. (women) North Africa drowned, after boat sank on way from Tunisia to Lampedusa (I) LR/IPL/CNNit/ILN/CDS/TL

14/06/03 30 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned when dinghy capsized near Tarifa on way to Spain MNS

10/06/03 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat capsized during rescue attempt by Guardia Civil (E) Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK

05/06/03 2 N.N. Morocco drowned, trying to avoid detection by coastguard near city of Salobreña (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA

05/06/03 6 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, trying to avoid detection by coast guard near Salobreña (E) MUGAK/APDHA

02/06/03 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa missing, after boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK

02/06/03 9 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, after boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch/MNS/MUGAK in Jun 03 1 N.N. (man) Kurdistan found dead in the back of a Greek truck at the border between Italy and Slovenia IRR in Jun 03 1 N.N. India dead body found in a forrest not far from the border between Ukraine and Slovakia IRR in Jun 03 2 N.N. unknown drowned, dead body found in Ceuta (E/MA), they tried to reach coast by swimming MUGAK

31/05/03 15 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, after boat capsized during rescue attempt near Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch

17/05/03 1 N.N. (33, man) Congo rejected asylum seeker found dead in a bus shelter in Boxmeer (NL) MNS/ANP

15/05/03 4 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, bodies found in fishing net near Lampedusa (I) LR

07/05/03 1 Olga Blaskevica (29, woman) Latvia murdered by partner in Harmondsworth detention centre (GB), awaiting deportation CARF/Metropolitan Police/IRR/NCADC

06/05/03 5 N.N. (men) Morocco drowned, dead bodies found near he beach of Sid Kacem, Tanger (MA) MUGAK

06/05/03 4 N.N. (women) Morocco drowned, dead bodies found near beach of Sid Kacem, Tanger (MA) MUGAK

05/05/03 1 Liu Jin Wu (35, man) China suicide, denied access to interpreter, suffered from paranoid psychosis MNS/The Herald/NCADC/ERB/IRR

02/05/03 1 Nadim Hussaini (18, man) Afghanistan fell from bridge over M60, at Stockport (GB) after his asylum claim was rejected IRR

in May 03 1 N.N. (minor) Morocco suffocated, trapped on the border-fence in Melilla (E/MA) SOS

01/05/03 1 N.N. unknown drowned, found floating near Lampedusa (I) TL

26/04/03 1 N.N. unknown dead body found in a boat intercepted in the Gulf of Cadiz (E) MUGAK

25/04/03 2 N.N. unknown drowned after shipweck in Lanzarote (E) MUGAK in Apr 03 10 N.N. unknown dead bodies found in the coasts of Lanzarote (E) SOS in Apr 03 76 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, dead bodies found on the beach in Tarifa (E) SOS

25/03/03 1 N.N. (32, man) Iraq asylum seeker, set fire to himself in Diever (NL) after being caught stealing MNS/VK in Mar 03 12 N.N. Africa dead bodies found in the touristic area of Costa Teguise (E) SOS in Mar 03 1 N.N. Somalia blown in minefield at the border between Turkey and Greece IRR

28/02/03 1 N.N.(26, man) India dead body found near Kamanitsa (UA) few meters from UA-SK border NOB

25/02/03 1 N.N. (man) Mali or Gabon stowaway, fell from plane wheelbay under flight path to airport near Paris (F) MNS

24/02/03 1 Sarkawat Hussein (18, man) Iraq crushed to death trying to climb lorry in Calais (F) ferry terminal on his way to GB AFP/MNS/NO

23/02/03 1 N.N. (young man) Iraq hit by lorry in Calais (F), trying to reach Great-Britain as a stowaway Vivre

22/02/03 1 Djedjik Fatiha (39) Algeria suicide, hanged herself with scarf in police cel in Emmen (NL) in fear of deportation DVHN

20/02/03 12 N.N. Sub-Saharan-Africa died of thirst/hunger after 14 days at sea, going from Morocco to Fuerteventura (E) PUB/NOB/MUGAK

12/02/03 1 Osuigwe C. Kenechukwu (22) Nigeria died of lack of medical care in refugee transit centre Thurhof in Oberbüren (CH) Vivre/MNS/Indymedia/Augen auf/

07/02/03 18 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after being lost at sea near Fuerteventura (E) IRR

03/02/03 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, tried to swim to Spain body found floating in a bay south of Ceuta (E/MA) MNS in Feb 03 2 N.N. Morocco suffocated, stowaway in a bus on a ferry going from Nador (MA) to Almería (E) SOS in Feb 03 3 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan-Africa drowned, trying to reach Melilla (E/MA) swimming from Beniezar (MA), cold sea fatal SOS in Feb 03 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, died attempting to disembark from a boat in Motril-Granada (E) IRR

31/01/03 1 Mikhail Bognarchuk (42, man) Ukraine suicide, found hanged with his shoelaces in toilet at Haslar removal Centre (GB) IRR/NCADC/CARF/MNS

23/01/03 2 N.N. Turkey stowaways fell out of wheel-bay in China, hid in wrong plane in France MNS

19/01/03 6 N.N. Iraq frozen to death in drifting boat near S.M. di Leuca (I) coming from Turkey MNS/Vivre/AFP/AP/TL

19/01/03 26 N.N. Nigeria drowned while trying to reach the Canary Islands (E) from Morocco MNS/Vita

19/01/03 23 N.N. unknown died of hypothermia on a drifting boat near Leuca (I) coming from Turkey MNS/Vivre/AFP/AP/TL

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 19

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

18/01/03 1 Mariame Getu Hagos (25) Somalia died of asphyxhiation during deportation from Paris (F) to Johannesburg (SA) NCADC/AI/AN/VK/Vivre/MNS/borderzerolist/IND/JT/St

18/01/03 2 N.N. unknown dead bodies found on the beach in Motril (E) MUGAK

17/01/03 19 N.N. Sub-Saharan-Africa drowned near Tangers (MA) hoping to reach Spain clandestinely by sea MNS/Vivre/MUGAK

16/01/03 1 N.N. unknown dead body found in the beach of Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK

15/01/03 12 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned when duck boat sank off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/APDHA/MUGAK/IRR

15/01/03 2 N.N. (women) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned after duck boat sank off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/APDHA/MUGAK/IRR

15/01/03 10 N.N. unknown drowned when small boat sank near Canary Island of Fuerteventura (E) MNS/ Spits/ AFP

15/01/03 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned when small boat sank near Fuerteventura (E) MNS/ Spits/ AFP

14/01/03 1 Foussini Baraya (31, man) Burkina Faso suffocated in his vomit, seriously ill in border prison Amsterdam South-East (NL) VK/AC/AFVIC/CW/demo

13/01/03 2 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa stowaways, died after creeping into the hold of a Cypriot ship bound for Cadiz (E) IRR/MUGAK

12/01/03 9 N.N. Africa drowned, boat sank on its way to Spain near Fuerteventura (E) NOB

12/01/03 5 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned when boat sank near Fuerteventura (E) NOB

09/01/03 6 N.N. Iraq died of hypopthermia on a Greek boat headed to Italy IRR/Vita

09/01/03 23 N.N. Iraq reportedly drowned near S.M. di Leuca (I) in attempt to reach Italy on a Greek boat Vita

08/01/03 3 N.N. (± 25) India died of exhaustion after journey through mountains between Slovakia-Ukraine NOB/Mumbaicentral

08/01/03 1 Said B. (29, man) Morocco died after being run down while attempting to hide under a coach in Ceuta (E/MA) IRR/MUGAK

04/01/03 2 N.N. Burundi died on Thracian (TR/GR) border straying into marked minefield in thick fog KI

02/01/03 3 N.N. Morocco died of toxic inhalation in fire deliberately started in police prison in Malaga (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA

02/01/03 7 N.N. Algeria/Morocco drowned, boat crashed on rocks sank near Tarifa off southern coast of Spain VK/AP/DPA/AFP/Statewatch/MUGAK

02/01/03 10 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after shipwreck in the Mediterranean Sea, near Tarifa (E) MLKO

02/01/03 1 N.N. (man) Palestine died of toxic inhalation during arson attack at a police station in Malaga (E) MNS/MUGAK/APDHA in Jan 03 5 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, dead bodies found on beaches on Dodecanese island Symi in Greece KI/IRR

in Jan 03 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, corpse found on beach on the island Evia in Greece KI

in Jan 03 1 David Mamedor (45) Georgia Kurd, suicide in Schloß Holte-Stukenbrock (D) after rejection of asylum application WB/FR-NRW/NW/MNS

in Jan 03 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, found dead on beach on Symi island (GR) KI/IRR in 2003 1 Olivier (±20, man) Niger suffocated, ate money to pay smugglers to avoid robbery at military check in Agadez(Niger) LESP

30/12/02 1 Ricardo Barrientos (54) Argentina died of cardiac arrest during deportation from Paris (F) to Buenos Aires (ARG) NCADC/AI/NOB/AN/Vivre/AFP/borderzerolist/LeMonde

28/12/02 1 Zafar Mohammad (16, man) Afghanistan suicide, set himself on fire at Gribskov refugee centre (DK), in fear of deportation. ERB

27/12/02 3 N.N. Morocco burnt at pol.st. in Malaga.Ref. started fire after 2days detention.Pol.didn’t open doors SOS/MUGAK/APDHA

26/12/02 7 N.N. unknown drowned after overcrowded boat coming from MA capsized near Tarifa (E) IRR

25/12/02 4 N.N. unknown drowned, when inflatable dinghy sank off the coast of the island Chios (GR) AP

25/12/02 4 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned,dinghy sank off the coast of the island Chios (GR) AP

24/12/02 1 N.N. (2, girl) Iraq Kurd, drowned trying to swim ashore when boat sank near coast of Korfu (GR) MNS/AP

24/12/02 1 Sirous Khajehb (29, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in Huddersfield (GB), wrongly told asylum claim was refused IRR/YT/NCADC

24/12/02 1 N.N. (man) Iraq Kurd, drowned trying to swim ashore when boat sank near coast of Korfu (GR) MNS/AP

19/12/02 10 N.N. Iraq/Afghanistan drowned, 2 vessels got caught in a storm off the island Evia (GR) MNS/AP

19/12/02 10 N.N. Iraq/Afghanistan reportedly drowned, when 2 vessels got gaught in a storm of the island Evia (GR) MNS/AP

16/12/02 1 N.N. (young man) Iraq found death by police under a truck at toll station of Saint-Omer (F) near Calais NOB/Telegraaf

13/12/02 1 N.N. Africa died of exhaustion after long trek, found near Greek village at GR-TR border NOB

02/12/02 1 N.N. (±12, boy) Ghana stowaway, found frozen in undercarriage of plane from Ghana at Heathrow (GB) GuardianUn/Annanova/Telegraph/Myjoyonline/IRR/Isti

02/12/02 1 Immanuel Duah (±12, boy) Ghana stowaway, found frozen in undercarriage of plane from Ghana at Heathrow (GB) GuardianUn/Annanova/Telegraph/Myjoyonline/IRR/NC

01/12/02 44 N.N. Gambia/Ghana/Somalia drowned after boat sank on the way from Bodrum (TR) to Kos (GR) IRR/TL/Vita in Dec 02 1 Mahmot Slav (18, man) Iraq stowaway, died after attempt of jumping off a bound truck in Patras (GR) IRR in Dec 02 4 N.N. Romania stowaways, found dead in a shipping container due to depart from Livorno (I) IRR

30/11/02 12 N.N. unknown drowned, boat shipwrecked near coast of Tripoli (Libya) going to Italy VK/MNS/DPA

30/11/02 56 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat shipwrecked near coast of Tripoli (Libya) going to Italy VK/MNS/DPA

30/11/02 32 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, when boat sank between Western Sahara (MA) and Canarian Islands (E) VK/AFP

21/11/02 1 N.N. (23) Armenia suicide in Szombathelyi Detention Centre in Hungary MGHR

15/11/02 1 Lata Aradinovic (34, man) Serbia suicide, set himself on fire in Syke (D) after his asylum application was rejected, Roma ARI

13/11/02 2 N.N. Africa drowned when inflatable dinghy capsized near Larache off Moroccos coast AFP

13/11/02 4 N.N. Africa reportedly, drowned when dinghy capsized near Larache off Moroccan coast AFP

02/11/02 1 A.K. (23) Albania fatally injured by border guard in Messopotamia area of Kastoria (GR-AL border) GHM/OMCT/YaN/ProAsyl in Nov 02 1 N.N. (32, woman) Iran died of hypothermia, after long treck across Turkish border into Greece. IRR in Nov 02 1 Farideh Karimi (42, woman) Iran no medical care into asylum centre in Appelscha (NL), too late found cancer MAG/VK

21/10/02 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 child) unknown drowned, bodies found off the northeastern coast of Lesbos (GR) MNS

16/10/02 6 N.N. (3 girls) unknown drowned, bodies found near Lesbos (GR) all six where wearing life vests MNS/NCAs

11/10/02 5 N.N. North Africa stowaways, suffocated inside a trailer on its way from Agadir (MA) to Sevilla (E) MNS/FR/taz/Tagesspiegel/AFP

10/10/02 2 N.N. (women) Nigeria drowned, ship capsized off Turkey’s western coast on its way to Greece AFP

10/10/02 7 N.N. Nigeria/Iran reportedly drowned, ship capsized off Turkey’s western coast on way to GR AFP

08/10/02 2 N.N. (women) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, boat capsized near Barbate (E) avoiding detection by SIVE cameras MNS/AFP

08/10/02 14 N.N. (7 women; 7 men) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, boat capsized near Barbate (E) avoiding detection by SIVE MNS/AFP 02/10/02 1 Beverley Fowler (32, woman) Jamaica suicide, found hanged in Durham prison (GB), in fear of deportation NCADC/IRR in Oct 02 1 N.N. (18) Congo suicide, jumped under train in Zwolle (NL) in fear of deportation MNS in Oct 02 9 N.N. Africa drowned after small boat capsized near Tunisian coast on its way to Sicily (I) AP/Tagesspiegel in Oct 02 1 N.N. Africa missing, after small boat capsized near Tunisian coast on its way to Sicily (I) AP/Tagesspiegel in Oct 02 3 N.N. (men) Africa drowned, after a boat with 42 migrants sank off the coast of Barbate (E) IRR in Oct 02 5 N.N. (women) Africa drowned, after a boat with 42 migrants sank off the coast of Barbate (E) IRR in Oct 02 5 N.N. Africa missing, after a boat with 42 migrants sank off the coast of Barbate (E) IRR in Oct 02 8 N.N. unknown drowned, after boat sank while trying to reach Mayotte Island (F) from Comoros Islands AFP in Oct 02 12 N.N. unknown missing, after boat sank while trying to reach Mayotte Island (F) from Comoros Islands AFP in Oct 02 1 N.N. unknown drowned, body was discovered by a fisherman in the western Peloponnese (GR) IRR in Oct 02 1 N.N. (pregnant woman) Africa drowned, after a boat with 42 migrants sank off the coast of Barbate (E) IRR

26/09/02 3 N.N. Palest./Sudan/Shri Lanka drowned, when fishing boat heading for Lesbos (GR) sank near Narli (TR) HRFT/AFP

26/09/02 10 N.N. Palest./Sudan/Shri Lanka reportedly drowned, when fishing boat heading for Lesbos (GR) sank near Narli (TR) HRFT/AFP

22/09/02 15 N.N. (men) Tunisia drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Scoglitti (south Sicily, I) VK/MNS/IRR/TL/LR/MUGAK/Vita

22/09/02 1 Muhamed Sarad (60, man) Bangladesh died when security forces tried to stop 70 people from crossing the Iranian-Turkish border HRFT

16/09/02 1 N.N. (±25, man) Cameroon stowaway, froze to death in wheel bay of airplane from Cameroon to Paris (F) Morgeng./MNS

15/09/02 36 N.N. Liberia/North Africa drowned, boat with more than 100 refugees aboard capsized south of Sicily VK/AP/Morgengr./MNS/HRFT/ICARE/IRR/inq7/HRA/R

15/09/02 1 N.N. (15, man) Liberia/North Africa drowned, after boat with more than 100 refugees capsized south of Sicily VK/AP/Morgengr./MNS/HRFT/ICARE/IRR/inq7/HRA/R

14/09/02 1 Ramo Suljic (37, man) Serbia suicide, hung himself in a refugee centre in Germany in fear of deportation ARI

12/09/02 1 N.N. (man) Morocco stowaway, found dead inside container with 10 immigrants in Algeciras (E) MNS/IRR

05/09/02 2 N.N. (±18, men) North Africa drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) MNS

04/09/02 1 Peiman Bahmani (29, man) Iran stabbed to death in the street where he lived in Hendon area, Sunderland (GB) Socialist Worker/IRR

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 20

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Sep 02 9 N.N. (men) Liberia drowned, after ship capsized 200 meters from south coast of Sicily (I) SP in Sep 02 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, after ship capsized 200 meters from south coast of Sicily (I) SP in Sep 02 1 N.N. (15, girl) Liberia drowned, after ship capsized 200 meters from south coast of Sicily (I) SP in Sep 02 13 N.N. unknown drowned after boat capsized, body found on a beach near Kenitra (MA) Trouw in Sep 02 1 N.N. (20, man) Azerbaijan suicide, hung himself after negative decision on his asylum application in NL MNS in Sep 02 5 N.N. unknown missing, were abandoned near Greek coast in a boat that later capsized IRR/MUGAK in Sep 02 1 N.N. unknown drowned, was abandoned near Greek coast in a boat that later capsized IRR in Sep 02 2 N.N. Pakistan drowned, were abandoned near Greek coast in boat that later capsized IRR in Sep 02 3 N.N. (women) Liberia drowned, after ship capsized 200 meters from coast of Sicily (I) SP

31/08/02 5 N.N. unknown Kurds, stowaways found suffocated in truck near Napels (I) coming from GR OBV/MUGAK

28/08/02 1 N.N. Turkey Kurd, died near village Vyssa (TR/GR border) after straying into marked minefield KI

22/08/02 9 N.N. Africa drowned near Fuerteventura (E) traffickers forced them to swim ashore ANP/AFP

19/08/02 4 N.N. Morocco stowaways, already decomposing bodies were found inside lorry in Billabona (E) MNS/taz/AFP

09/08/02 2 N.N. Kurdistan Kurds, died on refugee boat between Italy and Greece Kurdish Observer

06/08/02 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa drowned, found dead on the beach of Los Carabos in Melilla (E/MA) MNS in Aug 02 2 N.N. (women) unknown Kurds, found dead on by smugglers abandoned refugee boat near Bari (I) KO

01/08/02 11 N.N. Morocco/Sub-Sah. Afr. drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) VK/Reu/The News/MNS/HRA/MUGAK

01/08/02 17 N.N. Morocco/Sub-Sah. Afr. reportedly drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) VK/Reu/The News/MNS in Aug 02 5 N.N. (minor) Iraq Kurds, stowaways found suffocated in truck in Avellino (I) going from BG to I DPA/MNS/HRFT

01/08/02 2 N.N. (women) Morocco/Sub-Sah. Afr. pregnant, drowned, forced by smugglers to swim ashore near Tarifa (E) VK/Reu/The News/MNS/HRA/MUGAK

30/07/02 1 N.N. (23, man) Cameroon stowaway, died of hypothermia in wheel bay of airplane from Rio to Paris (F) AP/MNS

30/07/02 1 Samba Fofana (25) Kenia died of two consecutive heart attacks in police station on Fuerteventura (E) Statewatch/IRR

21/07/02 2 N.N. unknown drowned, after an Italian customs patrol boat and the dinghy collided near Vlora (Al) Statewatch/VK/TL/Vita

21/07/02 15 N.N. unknown missing, after an Italian customs patrol boat and the dinghy collided near Vlora (Al) Statewatch/VK

21/07/02 5 N.N. Albania drowned, after an Italian customs patrol boat and the dinghy collided near Vlora (Al) VK

09/07/02 1 David Metrevelli (man) Georgia suicide, hung himself in detention centre in Malaga (E) in fear of expulsion MNS in Jul 02 2 N.N. Kurdistan Kurds, stowaways in lorry from Greece to Italy crushed to death by the load HRFT in Jul 02 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, small boat with 19 migrants was wrecked off the coast of Fuerteventura (E) IRR in Jul 02 4 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, small boat wrecked off coast of Fuerteventura (E) IRR in Jul 02 1 N.N. unknown dead body found in police station in Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK in Jul 02 1 N.N. unknown dead body found at the border between Ceuta (E/MA) and Morocco MUGAK

in Jul 02 1 Ahmet Moh. Irak (19, man) Kurdistan stowaway, found dead in a lorry on a ferry from Patras (GR) to Brindisi (I) IRR in Jul 02 1 N.N. Kurdistan stowaway, found dead in a lorry on a ferry from Patras (GR) to Brindisi (I) IRR

27/06/02 5 N.N. Somalia drowned, the boat bringing them from Turkey to Kos (GR) sank near Datca (TR) VK/MNS/HRFT/IRR

27/06/02 6 N.N. Somalia reportedly drowned, boat from Turkey to Kos (GR) sank near Datca (TR) VK/MNS/HRFT/IRR

24/06/02 1 Mubarek Yagderi (32) Afghanistan died in a car accident after taxi driver tried to escape the border police (TR-GR) HRFT

24/06/02 1 N.N. (2) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, fell off overloaded rubber boat after it collided against rocks near Spain MNS

23/06/02 1 Tina (3) China/Iran died after lack of medical treatment in asylum seeker centre Vught (NL) NRC

19/06/02 1 Sillih Peder (23) Bangladesh shot by security forces when trying to enter Turkey near Aslanyazi HRFT/ProAsyl

19/06/02 1 Cahir (28) Bangladesh shot by security forces when trying to enter Turkey near Aslanyazi HRFT

19/06/02 3 N.N. Africans drowned, after boat capsized near Lanzarote, island part of Canary Islands (E) MNS

15/06/02 10 N.N. (young men) unknown drowned, forced to swim to a ship which would have carried them from TN to I Spits/MNS/MN/TL

12/06/02 1 N.N. (man) Russia reportedly drowned after canoe capsized on the way from France to Great Britain CARF/IRR

11/06/02 1 N.N. Pakistan drowned, corpse was found at the shore of Menderes district (TR) HRFT

10/06/02 5 N.N. unknown missing, after boat sank near Antigua (Canary Islands, E) MNS

10/06/02 1 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, body found off the coast of Tuineje (Fuerteventura, E) MNS

08/06/02 1 N.N. Kurdistan drowned when smugglers forced them to swim ashore near Puglia (I) HRFT

08/06/02 4 N.N. Kurdistan reportedly drowned when smugglers forced them to swim ashore near Puglia (I) HRFT/ECRE/Vita/TL

08/06/02 1 N.N. Pakistan drowned, dead body found at the shore of Menderes district (TR) HRFT

05/06/02 1 N.N. unknown Kurd, shot death during fight between illegal immigrants in refugee camp in Calais (F) VK/SP

29/05/02 4 N.N. Pakistan found dead on beach of Maydanoz in Izmir province in Western Turkey Spits/MNS/HRFT

29/05/02 1 Hamid Mahmut Pakistan found dead on beach of Maydanoz in Izmir province in Western Turkey Human Rights Foundation Turkey

26/05/02 1 N.N. (boy) Moroccan died in attempt to enter Melilla (E/MA), got trapped in frontier fence and suffocated MNS

23/05/02 1 Hiva Fazil Emin (32) Iraq died when lorry with 35 refugees inside turned over near Köprüköy (TR) HRFT

22/05/02 1 Hidir Akay Turkey shot to death on a vessel near Cyprus by Turkish coast guards, on way to Italy MNS/Vivre/Parool/HRFT

16/05/02 1 N.N. (±30, man) West Africa stowaway, found dead in the wheelarch of a flight from Ghana to Great Britain. IRR

15/05/02 1 N.N. (±30, man) West Africa stowaway found in undercarriage of plane from Accra (Ghana) at Heathrow (GB) Telegraph

13/05/02 11 N.N. (2 children) Kurdistan Kurds, drowned when boat capsized crossing river Sava between HR and BH MNS/HRFT

13/05/02 1 Muhittin Ay Kurdistan Kurd, drowned when boat capsized crossing river Sava between Croatia and Bosnia MNS/HRFT/NCAs

12/05/02 1 N.N. Africa stowaway, body found in Deuil-la-Barre (F), reportedly fell from airplane wheel-bay MNS

11/05/02 1 Forsina Makoni (79, woman) Zimbabwe suicide, set fire to herself after her asylum claim was refused Socialist Worker/NCADC/IRR

10/05/02 6 N.N. (men; women) unknown drowned after their boat capsized off the Spanish coastline IRR

10/05/02 7 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned when their boat capsized off the Spanish coast IRR

07/05/02 1 Shiraz Pir (25, man) Pakistan suicide, found hanged in Bristol (GB), after his asylum claim was refused NCADC/CARF/IRR/ERB/BBC in May 02 1 John Jackson (18) Tanzania jumped off a ship in the Corinthian Gulf (GR) died several hours later in a hospital IRR in May 02 1 N.N. Tanzania reported missing after he jumped off a ship in the Corinthian Gulf (GR) IRR in May 02 10 N.N. Afghanistan died of cold, dead bodies were discovered by police in the area of Kaldiran (TR) IRR in May 02 5 N.N. Pakistan died from cold, dead bodies were discovered near Menteres (TR) IRR in May 02 9 N.N. (minors) Afghanistan died of hypothermia, found dead by police in the area of Kaldiran (TR) IRR

24/04/02 11 N.N. (10 men; 1 women) Africa drowned, after boat smashed into reefs near the Canary Island of Lanzarote (E) AFP/ARI/VK/StGallerTagblatt/BBC

17/04/02 3 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, ship carrying migrants turned over and sank north of Naxos (GR) AFP/IRR

17/04/02 25 N.N.(20 men; 1 women; 4 child.) unknown missing, ship carrying migrants turned over and sank north of Naxos (GR) AFP/IRR

15/04/02 1 N.N. Kurdistan Kurd, shot dead during fight between illegal immigrants in refugee camp in Calais (F) SP

14/04/02 1 N.N. (young man) Uganda stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of airplane from Uganda to London (GB) allAfrica/IRR in Apr 02 3 N.N. Bangladesh stowaways, suffocated in lorry, thrown out on parking place near Catalca (TR) HRFT

27/03/02 1 N.N. unknown died in minefield near river Evros (GR) trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border AFP/MNS/AP

20/03/02 1 Sezgin Sayan (24) Turkey died in minefield near river Evros (GR) trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/Vivre/HRFT/AP

20/03/02 1 Tahsin Esen (22) Turkey died in minefield near river Evros (GR) trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/Vivre/HRFT/AP

15/03/02 1 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa stowaway, his body got caught in the axle of a lorry from Morocco to Melilla (E/MA) MNS

12/03/02 1 Mohsen Amri (27, man) Iran suicide, in Birmingham (GB) after his asylum claim was refused NCADC/CARF/IRR

11/03/02 1 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned, tried to reach Otranto (I) in a overcrowded dinghy MNS/CNN/AFP/DPA/Vita

11/03/02 6 N.N. Albania dead bodies found in Otranto (I) attached to their dinghy with a rope AFP/MNS/CNN/DPA/Statewatch/Vita

07/03/02 12 N.N. (7 men; 5 women) Nigeria/Sudan/Turkey drowned, after vessel capsized in rough sea between Lampedusa (I) and Malta VK/MigrantNews/MNS/AFP/CNN/DPA/ANP/SZ/Rheinp

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 21

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

07/03/02 47 N.N. Nigeria/Sudan/Turkey missing, after vessel capsized in rough sea between Lampedusa (I) and Malta VK/MigrantNews/MNS/AFP/CNN/DPA/ANP/SZ/Rheinp in Mar 02 11 N.N. unknown drowned off Lanzarote, Canary Islands (E) after boat shipwrecked on reefs IRR in Mar 02 1 Riaz Omar Faruq Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS in Mar 02 1 Syed Bilal Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS in Mar 02 1 Asif Javed Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS in Mar 02 1 Khalid Iqbal Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS in Mar 02 1 Ijaz Ahmad (20) Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS in Mar 02 1 Hussayn Shah Pakistan picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS in Mar 02 1 Muhammad Riaz India picked up by police at border BG-MK, shot to death by police near Skopje (MK) IRR/MNS

20/02/02 1 N.N. (man) unknown crushed to death while trying to stowaway on board a train in Channel-tunnel, on way to GB MNS/AP/IRR

20/02/02 3 N.N. (men) Africa drowned, trying to swim from Morocco to Melilla (E/MA) MNS/MUGAK

20/02/02 1 Nariman Tahmasebi (27, man) Iran suicide, found hung in Lewes Prison (GB) IRR

18/02/02 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, fell from a train in the Channel-Tunnel between France and GB AP/MNS/IRR

17/02/02 1 Seval Sebahtin Rasin (26) unknown beaten to death by border police when trying to cross the Bulgarian-Turkish border AI

15/02/02 1 B.H. (74, woman) Iraq suicide, hung herself because of bad conditions in asylum centre near Allbruck (D) SAGA/ARI/IRR

12/02/02 1 Furat Orak (22, man) Turkey Kurd, suicide, shot himself to death after deportation from Germany to Turkey ARI

12/02/02 4 N.N. Africa drowned, vessel capsized, bodies found near or on a beach near Cádiz (E) MNS/MUGAK

11/02/02 1 N.N. (17, boy) Iraq suicide in Red Cross Centre Copenhagen (DK), asylum application was turned down MNS/Grön Ungdom/IRR

10/02/02 9 N.N. Morocco/Sub-Sahar. Afr. drowned when overloaded boat capsized near Cadiz (E) Freies Wort

09/02/02 1 Hüseyin Vurucu (40) Turkey Kurd, suicide, jumped in front of train in Stadtallendorf (D) in fear of deportation INDd/jW/IRR

04/02/02 1 N.N. unknown frozen, trying to cross the snow covered border between Bulgaria-Northern Greece MNS

03/02/02 1 N.N. unknown died in detention centre in Belgium because of medical neglect AIg

02/02/02 1 N.N. (man) Albania hit by propellor of motor boat when he jumped off the boat to swim to Italian coast Reu

01/02/02 2 N.N. (men) Morocco stowaways suffocated hidden in false compartment in bus from MA to Spain MNS in Feb 02 1 N.N. (woman) Nigeria asylum seeker died in child birth in Dublin (IRL), hospital did not know medical history MN in Feb 02 1 N.N. (man) Turkey Kurd, stowaway suffocated in container during crossing from Greece to North Italy NW in Feb 02 1 Mohamad Hussein Tamana Iran suicide, in Schneckenstein asylum seekers hostel (D) in fear of deportation IRR

31/01/02 1 Najaat Alrikabi (5 months) Iraq died after being refused medical treatment in detention centre in Leusden (NL) NRC

26/01/02 1 N.N. unknown found dead in a Spanish police station MUGAK

21/01/02 16 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, vessel capsized off the coast of Pozo Negro, Canary Islands (E) MNS

20/01/02 1 Karim Tujali (man) Iran executed after being deported to Iran by Turkish police IRAINC

19/01/02 1 N.N. (±20, man) unknown stowaway, electrocuted when train passed under power lines near Frethun (F) MNS/AP/Telegraaf/MUGAK

12/01/02 1 Metin Güngör (18, man) unknown shot to death while trying to cross the border between Turkey and Iran HRFT

12/01/02 1 Hasan Kalkan (15, boy) unknown shot to death while trying to cross the border between Turkey and Iran HRFT

09/01/02 1 Ali Muhammet Musa El Decil Iraq frozen to death trying to cross Turkish-Greek border illegally near Edirne (TR) HRFT

04/01/02 1 Mohammad Hussein (25, man) Iran suicide, hung himself in the shower of refugee centre in Schneckenstein (D) ARI

in 2002 4 N.N. unknown drowned trying to cross the Iranian-Turkish border near Örtülü (TR) HRFT

in Jan 02 1 N.N. Somalia drowned, forced by smugglers to cross river March (SK-A) by swimming Der Standard

in Jan 02 19 N.N. (9 children) Afghanistan died of hypothermia, found dead in mountains near Turkish-Iranian border Spits/VK/MNS/HRFT/BBC/NCAs/IstitutoInnocenti/NCA

01/01/02 1 Souleyman Diallo (28, man) Guinea suicide, jumped off a bridge in Tyneside (GB) in fear of deportation CARF/IRR/NCADC/ERB in 2002 4 N.N. North Africa drowned, dead bodies discovered by Spanish police near Cabo de Gata (E) ANP/AFP

01/01/02 1 N.N. (man) unknown electrocuted on top of a train in the Channel Tunnel heading for the GB IRR

27/12/01 1 N.N (young man) Algeria drowned, trying to clandestinely get onboard a merchant ship anchored near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS

23/12/01 4 N.N. Iraq died in minefield in Northern Greece trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS/AP

17/12/01 4 N.N. Africa drowned, found dead on a beach in Punta Aceituno, Canary Islands (E) MNS/MUGAK

12/12/01 1 N.N. (man) Gambia found dead in a Spanish police station while in detention MUGAK

11/12/01 4 N.N. (young men) Romania stowaways, found dead inside container in port Livorno (I) on way to Canada MNS/AFP/NCADC/DPA/NCADC

11/12/01 2 N.N. (man, woman) unknown stowaways, died inside cargo container on vessel on way from Italy to Canada MNS/AFP

09/12/01 7 N.N. Maghreb reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK

08/12/01 1 Hasan Kalendergil (41, man) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT

08/12/01 1 Kalendar Kalendergil (12, boy) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT

08/12/01 1 Zeliha Kalendergil (10, girl) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT

08/12/01 1 Saniye Guler (28, woman) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT

08/12/01 1 Berkan Guler (4, boy) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT

08/12/01 1 Imam Guler (9, boy) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT

08/12/01 1 Mostafa Demir (23, man) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT 08/12/01 1 Yuksel Ucaroglu (26, man) Turkey stowaway, suffocated in cargo container from Belgium to Ireland, Kurd AFP/VK/SZ/MET/AP/NCADC/MNS/Waterford News/RT in Dec 01 2 N.N. Afghanistan drowned trying to reach Greece from Turkey with a dinghy AFP in Dec 01 4 N.N. Afghanistan reportedly drowned, trying to reach Greece from Turkey with a dinghy AFP in Dec 01 2 N.N. (men) Iraq Kurds, drowned in Southern Adriatic (I) being dumped in sea by smugglers IRR in Dec 01 1 N.N. (woman) Iraq Kurd, pregnant, drowned in Southern Adriatic (I) being dumped in sea by smugglers IRR in Dec 01 1 N.N. (young man) Morocco drowned, trying to swim from deserted Island ashore near Aegean coast (TR) WB

28/11/01 1 N.N. (baby) Kosovo pneumonia, after insufficient medical care waiting for place in ref. camp in Austria Rosa Antifa

28/11/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, thrown off a boat near Fuerteventura (E) MUGAK

25/11/01 1 Joseph Crentsil (39, man) Ghana fell from 3rd floor in London (GB) as immigration officials attempted to detain him CARF/NCADC/IRR

25/11/01 1 N.N. (30, man) Cameroon stowaway, died of hypothermia in ramp of cargo ship between Ivory Coast//NL AmsStadsblad/VK

25/11/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, found floating off the coast of Ceuta (E/MA) MUGAK

22/11/01 1 Ricky Bishop (25, man) unknown died in police custody (Brixton-GB) after being arrested, handcuffed and assaulted. IRR/INDgb

09/11/01 1 Ngoz-Dung Hoang (41) Vietnam suicide, jumped from a building in Berlin (D) in fear of deportation ARI

07/11/01 1 N.N. (man) Sudan drowned near Bodrum in Turkey when smugglers boat capsized VK

07/11/01 12 N.N. (men) Nigeria drowned, when vessel capsized near Bodrum at South-West cost of Turkey MNS/VK/AFP

06/11/01 5 N.N. Sudan drowned, after vessel capsized near the South-West coast of Turkey MNS/DPA

06/11/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown hit by a car while escaping police who forced Afghani/Pakistani refugees into a bus DPA in Nov 01 1 N.N. (woman) Ecuador died trying to escape out of a hospital window in Milan (I) having no correct papers IRR

30/10/01 1 N.N. (boy) unknown stowaway, fallen from lorry and rolled onto motorway from B to Calais (F) MNS

28/10/01 1 N.N. (boy) North Africa stowaway, crushed by trailer of lorry he hid under going from MA to Algeciras (E) MNS/MUGAK 25/10/01 1 N.N. (28, man) Georgia drowned, near Guben (D) trying to swim accross river Neisse (PL-D) ARI

23/10/01 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned in the Strait of Gibraltar, in attempt to swim to Spain from MA MUGAK

18/10/01 1 Omid Jamil Ali (21, man) Kurdistan died after jumping off a bridge onto a train at the French end of Channel Tunnel IRR

15/10/01 1 N.N. (27, woman) unknown died from exhaustion in hold of vessel from Turkey to Italy, reportedly pregnant Reu

30/09/01 1 N.N. (±30, man) unknown died in minefield in Northern Greece trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border MNS

19/09/01 1 Hamid Bakiri (30, man) Algeria suicide, hanged himself in a police cell in Les Grisons (CH) in fear of deportation MNS/IRR

19/09/01 1 Samuel Yeboah (man) Ghana died after a fire in the refugee centre in Saarlouis-Fraulautern (D) Indymedia/SFR

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 22

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

12/09/01 3 N.N. (men) unknown drowned, decomposing bodies washed ashore in Cabestrante in El Ejido (E) MNS/ODP

09/09/01 13 N.N. Morocco drowned, bodies washed ashore near Rabat (MA) after shipwreck MNS/AP/IRR/ODP

09/09/01 41 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, missing after shipwreck near Rabat (MA) MNS/AP/IRR/ODP

06/09/01 2 N.N. unknown stowaway, found dead in a cargo ship in Sevilla (E) ODP

05/09/01 5 N.N. unknown drowned in the attempt to swim to the beach of the Greek island of Evia DPA in Sep 01 5 N.N. unknown died during boat trip on old defective vessel from Turkey to Greece DPA

23/08/01 9 N.N. Africa drowned, thrown overboard by smugglers near Canary Island of Lobos (E) MNS/AP

22/08/01 4 N.N. unknown drowned, forced to swim ashore in Almería (E) but did not know how to swim MNS/AP

21/08/01 1 Nasser Ahmed (36, man) Eritrea suicide, found hanged in Nelson (GB) after his asylum claim was refused MNS/IRR/CARF/NCADC

20/08/01 1 N.N. (young man) North Africa drowned on her way to Spain, found north of Cabo de Tres Forcas (MA) MNS

20/08/01 1 N.N. (±20, man) Kosovo drowned, jumped overboard from a ferry near Dover (GB) during deportation CARF/IRR/MNS

19/08/01 2 N.N. Africa drowned when boat sank off Fuerteventura (Canary Island, E) MNS

19/08/01 3 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat sank off Fuerteventura (Canary Island, E) MNS

18/08/01 1 N.N. unknown body found during police operations near the coasts of Tarifa, Ceuta and Fuertev. (E) OBP

13/08/01 2 N.N. (minors) Africa decaying bodies found in the hold of Panamanian vessel in La Coruna (E) MNS

09/08/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned on his way to Spain, found near the beach of Bolonia in Tarifa (E) MNS/ODP

09/08/01 1 N.N. (man) Morocco found dead while in police custody in Ceuta (E/MA) ODP

08/08/01 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, boat was found drifting (E) ODP

03/08/01 1 Johnson O. (19) Nigeria jumped from court house window in Vienna (A), asylum claim had been rejected MNS/Malmoe in Aug 01 1 N.N. (young man) Africa drowned, reportedly his boat capsized and sunk near Fuerteventura (E) SZ

22/07/01 1 N.N. (woman) Africa asylum seeker, died as result of conditions of detention in Turkey MNS

19/07/01 1 Nguyen Thi Nga (34) Vietnam fell from window in refugee centre in Mespelbrunn (D) for fear of deportation ARI 16/07/01 1 N.N. (man) India shot dead by Turkish border police (TR/Syria) when refugees bus refused to stop NW

15/07/01 4 N.N. Maghreb drowned, vessel collided with rocks near Tarifa (E) attempting to escape police MNS/ODP

15/07/01 2 N.N. Maghreb died after inhalation of toxic chemicals inside small boat near Tarifa (E) MNS/ODP

13/07/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, body found on a beach in Tarifa (E) Statewatch/MUGAK

10/07/01 2 N.N. India drowned near the southern coast of Sicily (I), reportedly thrown overboard by traffickers MNS/NW DPA/Vita/TL

10/07/01 2 N.N. North Africa drowned near the southern coast of Sicily (I), reportedly thrown overboard by traffickers MNS/NW DPA/Vita/TL

05/07/01 1 N.N. (woman) Georgia frozen, trying to cross the snow covered border between Bulgaria and Northern Greece MNS in Jul 01 11 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, after struggle to keep afloat in small vessel near Almeria (E) MNS in Jul 01 3 N.N. Africa drowned, forced to cross back over a river towards Greece by Turkish soldiers MNS in Jul 01 15 N.N. Africa reportedly dead, forced to walk back and forth between the Turkish/Greek borders MNS

28/06/01 1 N.N. Africa died in a dinghy near Tarifa (E) on the way from Morocco to Spain Mugak

27/06/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died of inhalation of toxic gas coming from the boat’s motor, on the way to Spain Mugak/GARA/MNS

24/06/01 1 N.N. (woman) unknown suicide of asylum seeker in Gimo reception Centre (S) MNS

16/06/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned, jumped into sea from vessel when detected and hit his head, on way to Spain MNS

14/06/01 1 Mohammed Ayaz (21, man) Pakistan stowaway, fell in carpark in Richmond from wheelbay of plane Bahrein-London (GB) OBV/IRR

14/06/01 6 N.N. Iraq/Afghanistan drowned when vessel hit a rocky islet near Mykonos (GR) and sank MNS

14/06/01 4 N.N. (3 children) Iraq/Afghanistan reportedly drowned, when vessel hit a rocky islet near Mykonos (GR) and sank MNS

14/06/01 1 N.N. (man) Pakistan stowaway, frozen to death in wheelbay on flight from Bahrein to Heatrow airport (GB) MNS

12/06/01 1 N.N. (young man) North Africa drowned, body washed ashore along the coast of Tarifa (E) Mugak/Gara

11/06/01 17 N.N. (men) India reportedly drowned, trying to cross the river Morava, border between CZ/SK AP/IRR/Der Standard

11/06/01 1 N.N. (man) India drowned, trying to cross the river Morava, border between Czechia and Slovakia AP/IRR/Der Standard

11/06/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa reportedly drowned on his way to Spain, body found on a beach in Tarifa (E) MNS/ELM/PUB

11/06/01 5 N.N. Albania drowned when raft sank near Puglia (I) MNS

10/06/01 12 N.N. Albania drowned after dinghy loaded with migrants sunk near Trani (I) IRR/Vita/TL/LS in Jun 01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned, found at the beach of Banhos Árabes near Bolonia/Cadiz (E) PUB

30/05/01 15 N.N. Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, near Fuerte Ventura (E) after patrol boat intercepted vessel MNS/IRR/Mugak/EP/AFP

29/05/01 1 N.N. (25, man) Yugoslavia died of severe burns after fire in asylum seekers centre in Werdau (D) ARI

24/05/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned after small boat capsized near Cadiz (E) MNS/ELM 24/05/01 1 N.N. (young man) Africa reportedly drowned, found dead on beach near Melilla (E/MA) MNS

23/05/01 1 N.N. Nigeria suicide, found hanging after arrest in Soto del Real (E) Mugak

22/05/01 2 N.N. (±28, men) unknown died in marked minefield, crossed into Greece from Turkey via Evros river Athens News Agency

21/05/01 3 N.N. unknown died in minefield in Greece trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border DPA/Athens News Agency

21/05/01 1 Shurat Tamo (14) Iraq suicide in refugee centre De Lier (NL) after rejection of asylum application, Kurd PRIME

13/05/01 1 N.N. (20) Iran body found in wheelbay of Iranian plane at Teheran airport Reu

12/05/01 1 N.N. (man) Morocco body found near Tarifa (E) Mugak

09/05/01 1 N.N. unknown died in a dinghy on the way from Morocco to Tarifa (E) Mugak

09/05/01 1 N.N. North Africa dead body is discovered after 188 migrants were intercepted near Tarifa (E) Mugak

08/05/01 1 N.N. (45) Morocco drowned while trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar, body found on the coast near Tarifa (E) NW/Mugak/ELM/DiarioVasco

06/05/01 3 N.N. Somalia killed in car accident, car fell into river in north-west Romania heading for H MNS/IRR

01/05/01 1 Samson Chukwu (27, man) Nigeria died in Granges (CH), suffocated during deportation to Nigeria AugenAuf/CCSI/SOS-CH/BAZ/LeTemps/AI/MNS/NOB in May 01 1 Sinnathamby Thevathasan (33) Sri Lanka died of cardiac problems, after fleeing Germany to go to France in fear of deportation ARI

18/04/01 1 N.N. (25, man) Vietnam drowned, fell into a water-filled quarry near Putzkau (D/CZ) trying to escape police control EIS/NW/LausitzerRundschau/FreiePresse/MNS/IRR/A

17/04/01 3 N.N. (2 women; 1 man) Georgia frozen to death at Belles mountain (BG/GR) trying to walk to Greece MNS

17/04/01 1 N.N. (man) Ghana frozen to death at Belles mountain (BG/GR) trying to walk to Greece MNS

12/04/01 1 N.N. (young man) Afghanistan electrocuted trying to get on board a Eurostar train at Calais (F) MNS

06/04/01 1 N.N. (30) North Africa died after falling from a cliff, trying to flee from the Guardia Civil near Tarifa (E) MNS/Mugak/EP

29/03/01 1 Yusuf Isler Turkey skeleton found in minefield between Greek-Turkish border ProAsyl

29/03/01 1 Adnan Cevik (26) Turkey expelled Turk, died in minefield at GR/TR border returning to Germany after torture ProAsyl

28/03/01 1 N.N. (man) unknown reportedly drowned while trying to swim ashore, body found on a beach near Tarifa (E) MNS/AP

27/03/01 1 N.N. (17, man) unknown died after being hit by a truck while leaving Drunten detention centre (NL) in confused state NOS

24/03/01 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) Kurdistan died after boat of Italian navy crushed their boat in the Canal Otranto (I) GARA

23/03/01 1 N.N. (man) North Africa stowaway, found dead on motorway near Darro (E) preportedly fallen from lorry MNS

23/03/01 1 N.N. (30, man) North Africa drowned on his way to E, found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) EP/GARA

22/03/01 1 N.N. (40, man) Guinea killed by Morroccan refugee who did not want to be deported from jail in Almeria (E) GARA

21/03/01 1 N.N. (±25) Maghreb drowned after boat crushed, bodies washed ashore along beach near Tarifa (E) MNS/DiarioVasco/Gara

21/03/01 7 N.N. (men) unknown drowned on their way to Spain, found near Tarifa (E) Gara

21/03/01 2 N.N. (women) Maghreb drowned, found dead on beach near Tarifa (E) after boat was collided MNS/DiarioVasco/Gara

21/03/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned, found dead on beach near Tarifa (E), after boat was collided MNS/Diario Vasco/Gara

16/03/01 1 N.N. (man) Iraq drowned near the coast of Melilla (E/MA) after being forced overboard by smuggler MNS/EP

05/03/01 1 N.N. (29) Morocco stowaway, found dead near Madrid (E) in container coming from Casablanca (MA) MNS

04/03/01 2 N.N. North Africa drowned after shipwreck occured 1 month before, bodies found near Tarifa (E) MNS/EP

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 23

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Mar 01 1 N.N. (man) Turkey kurd, rejected asylum seeker shot trying to escape police in Jönköping (S) MNS 22/02/01 1 N.N. (2, girl) Pakistan died after insufficiant medical care at asylum seekers centre Waddingxveen (NL) MNS

19/02/01 1 Tommy Klen Mayola (19, man) Congo stowaway, froze to death in wheelbay on flight from Gatwick (GB) to USA NCADC/INexile/Telegraph/IRR

19/02/01 1 N.N. (29, man) Iran died in refugee centre in Wien, stabbed during a massive fight not stopped by guards YaN

10/02/01 2 N.N. (young men) North Africa bodies found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) GARA

05/02/01 10 N.N. (young men) North Africa drowned near Tarifa (E) when small boat capsized trying to reach Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco

05/02/01 1 N.N. (woman) Maghreb drowned near Tarifa (E) after small boat capsized in attempt to reach Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco

05/02/01 1 N.N. (10, boy) Maghreb drowned near Tarifa (E) after small boat capsized trying to reach Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco

05/02/01 1 N.N. (±17, man) Maghreb drowned after small boat capsized near Tarifa (E), on the way to Spain MNS/NW/ELM/EP/Gara/DiarioVasco in Feb 01 2 N.N China murdered after they failed to pay smugglers on their way from Hungary to Austria IRR in Feb 01 1 Idris Demir Turkey Kurd, rejected asylum seeker shot by policeman in Jönköping (S) trying to escape IRR/MNS 01/02/01 1 N.N. (±30, man) Iraq stowaway, hit mortally trying to jump on freight train through Channel tunnel(GB/F) MNS/IRR

25/01/01 7 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, boat missing after drifting off Spanish coast near Almeria (E) MNS

22/01/01 1 N.N. (man) Maghreb drowned after reportedly colliding border guard patrol ship near Tarifa GARA

21/01/01 6 N.N. North Africa 1 body found, 5 reportedly drowned after small boat capsized near Tarifa (E) MNS

20/01/01 1 N.N. (man) Kosova stowaway, found on ferry from Oostende (B) to Dover (GB), jumped from ship IRR/NCADC

18/01/01 1 Shokrolah Khaleghi (27, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in asylum hostel in Leicester (GB) after his asylum claim was refused CARF/MNS/Statewatch/IRR/NCADC/IRN

12/01/01 1 N.N. (63, man) Libanon died of severe burns after fire in asylum seekers centre in Eschwege (D) ARI

10/01/01 1 Renat Istanderov (25) Kazhakstan suicide, in fear of forced deportation from Belgium MNS

06/01/01 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned, arts found on the beach of Bolonia, Tarifa (E) Gara/Diario Vasco

03/01/01 12 N.N. (8 men; 4 women) Ecuador died in a van accident near Murcia (E), were undocumented migrant workers MNS in Jan 01 1 N.N. (20) West Africa suicide, hang himself from a bed sheet in deportation custody in Schaffhausen (CH) CARF/IRR in 2001 2 N.N. Tunesia stowaways, found suffocated in the hull of a ship in Brindisi (I) IRR

01/01/01 25 N.N. unknown stowaways, reportedly drowned when freighter sunk in stormy sea near Antalya (TR) DPA/Reu/MNS/Morgengr./MN/NW/LaOpinión in 2001 1 Khorany Abdulhabib (25, man) Afganistan drowned in Aegean sea on his way from Turkey to the Greek island Lesbos (GR) Den Blanken in 2001 5 N.N. Afganistan drowned in Aegean sea on their way from Turkey to the Greek island Lesbos (GR) Den Blanken in 2001 1 Gevour Gworkiyan (20, man) Armenia suicide, jumped in front of train in Den Bosch (NL) PRIME

01/01/01 6 N.N. India, Pakistan stowaways, drowned when ship sunk in stormy waters near Antalya (TR) La Opinión

31/12/00 1 N.N. (23, woman) Bulgaria froze to death at Belles mountain (GR/BG) trying to reach Greece illegally MNS

27/12/00 1 N.N. (30, man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of hypothermia in the mountains near Ceuta (E/MA) on his way to Spain DiarioVasco

25/12/00 1 Michael Fonseca (16) Cuba stowaway, fell out of undercarriage of British Airways plane near Gatwick airport (GB) MNS/Parool/Telegraph

24/12/00 1 A. Vazquez Rodriguez (17) Cuba stowaway, fell out of undercarriage of British Airways plane near Gatwick airport (GB) MNS/Parool/Telegraph

21/12/00 2 N.N. Albania burned alive in car crash near Thessaloniki (GR) trying to enter Greece illegally MNS

21/12/00 1 N.N. Iraq Kurd, drowned after being forced overboard by smuggler near Otranto (I) MNS/ELM

21/12/00 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) unknown reportedly drowned, forced off by smuggler near Otranto (I), woman was pregnant MNS/ELM

21/12/00 1 N.N. North Africa drowned, found on beach of Bolonia (E) MNS

21/12/00 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa reportedly drowned after shipwreck near Tarifa (E) trying to reach Spain ELM/EP

21/12/00 1 Saeed Alaei (26, man) Iran suicide, found hanged in Nelson, Lancashire (GB) after his asylum claim was refused CARF/IRR/NCADC

19/12/00 1 Rasoul Mavali Iran suicide, hanged himself after having received deportation order (NL) IFIR

18/12/00 1 Ebune Christian Ecole (30, man) Cameroon died of heart failure during deportation from Budapest International Airport (H) Reu/UNHCR/MNS/MGHR/IRR/HHC/MUGAK/NCADC

17/12/00 2 N.N. (men) Morocco drowned, found dead near Tarifa (E) ELM

16/12/00 1 E.H.T. (24) Morocco drowned, body found on a beach near Tarifa (E) MNS/EP

16/12/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, found at beach near Algeciras (E) MNS

16/12/00 1 N.N. (minor) Algeria died of cold and exhaustion after having reached the coast of Ceuta swimming (E/MA) MNS/ELM/ DiarioVasco

16/12/00 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa drowned, found dead at the coast near Tarifa (E) in advanced state of decomposition ELM

15/12/00 1 N.N. (32, man) China suicide, jumped out of train window near railway station Thyrow (D) ARI

15/12/00 27 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned after boat with 27 people sank off near Gulf of Almería (E) ELM/GARA

14/12/00 2 N.N. (minors) North Africa drowned, found dead near the coast of Tarifa (E) MNS

14/12/00 1 N.N. (minor) North Africa drowned, found dead in Spanish territorial waters near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS

11/12/00 1 Gebeyehu E. (33) Ethiopia suicide, for fear of deportation in Kriftelk (D), authorities denied his psychotic condition IRR

09/12/00 3 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned after their boat was crushed on the way to Spain, bodies found near Cadiz (E) Diario Vasco

08/12/00 1 A. Subramaniam (17, man) Sri Lanka suicide, hanged himself with shoelaces in detention centre Hannover-Langenhagen (D) Morgengr./Statewatch/FR-NieSa/ProAsyl/IRR/HRS

08/12/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned on his way to Spain, found near Ceuta (E/MA) DiariodeNoticias

06/12/00 1 Mohamed Said Ahattach (17) Morocco run over by truck on N-340 near San Roque (E) after disembarking illegaly from dinghy EP/ELM

05/12/00 1 Saulius Gonta (19) Lithuania reportedly fell out of a truck in front of a car near El Ejido (E) EP

04/12/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died of toxic gas near Tarifa (E) trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar in small boat MNS/ELM

04/12/00 1 N.N.(±30, man) Africa reportedly drowned, found in Spanish territorial waters near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS/GARA/ELM 04/12/00 2 N.N. (men) Sub-Saharan Africa drowned, bodies found on a beach near Castillejos (E) ELM/GARA/MNS

03/12/00 1 Abdelhadi Lamhamdi (23) Morocco shot dead on beach of Tarifa, Cadiz (E) by police while disembarking small boat EP/ELM/LV/MNS/Diario/VSF/MUGAK

03/12/00 1 Kwuami Aziaku Prempe (42) Togo suicide, hanged himself in his house in Salzwedel (D) for fear of deportation ARI in Dec 00 1 N.N. Sri Lanka died of exhaustion in desert crossing the Russian-Kazakh border on way to Germany MNS in Dec 00 1 N.N. (man) Bosnia stowaway, died by asphyxiation trying to enter Sweden illegally in boot of car MNS

01/12/00 1 Hossein (30) Bangladesh asylum seeker, committed suicide in Stockholm (S) in desperation Nätverket mot rasism in Dec 00 3 N.N. (2 men;1 pregnant woman) Africa drowned, bodies found near Ceuta (E/MA) VSF in Dec 00 1 N.N. unknown drowned on his way to Spain, found near Ceuta (E/MA) DiariodeNoticias in Dec 00 1 N.N. (25, man) Rwanda no medical care, seriously ill in border prison Amsterdam South-East (NL) VK

28/11/00 1 Samuel Bardhi (6 months) Kosovo died of pneumonia in Kärnten (A), dispute of responsibility within government RosaAntifa/Format/DerStandard/DieGrünen/DPA/Malm 25/11/00 1 N.N. (man) Sierra Leone floating near Ceuta (E/MA), drowned trying to enter Spanish fortified enclave by water MNS

17/11/00 1 N.N. (±20, man) unknown stowaway, died after he was run over by the lorry he was hiding in in Dover (GB) IRR

15/11/00 2 N.N. (men) Bangladesh shot by Turkish border guards trying to enter Turkey illegally from Iran MNS

11/11/00 1 N.N. (±27, man) unknown drowned on his way to Spain, body found dead near Tarifa (E) DiarioVasco

09/11/00 1 Hajzer Mehmeti Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC

09/11/00 1 Agron Mehmeti (15) Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC

09/11/00 1 Istref Bajrami Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC

09/11/00 1 Isuf Ahmeti Kosovo Roma, killed after participating in return project to village of origin near Pristina (XZ) ERRC

05/11/00 6 N.N. Turkey reportedly drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) when small boat capsized MNS in Nov 00 2 N.N. Tunesia drowned attempting to swim 23 km to Patelleria (I) after their small boat capsized IRR

01/11/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned while trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar, body found near Tarifa (E) MNS

01/11/00 1 N.N. (man) Albania leader of a group of refugees in border town Florina shot dead by Greek police MNS

01/11/00 1 N.N. (man) Romania died after car accident, trying to escape border guards near Reitzenhain (CZ-D) ARI

01/11/00 1 Bledar Qosku (23) Albania fatally injured by border guard in Messopotamia area of Kastoria (GR-AL border) GHM/OMCT

30/10/00 3 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned, bodies found off coast of Ragusa (I), reportedly thrown overboard by traffickers MNS

30/10/00 1 Halil Aygun Kurdistan killed by border guards, caught trying to escape from bordercamp Szombathely (H) MLKO

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 24

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

29/10/00 1 Arman A. (2) Armenia burned in fire in refugee centre in Hamburg (D)ARI

29/10/00 1 Atak A. (3) Armenia burned in fire in refugee centre in Hamburg (D) ARI

26/10/00 1 N.N. (man) Iraq kurdish stowaway, found suffocated in container of Greek ship MNS

24/10/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead on beach near Tarifa (E) trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar MNS

24/10/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead on beach near Almeria (E) trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar MNS

22/10/00 3 N.N. (men) Moldova/Romania died in van accident near Thessalonoki (GR) MNS

18/10/00 5 N.N. (men) Iraq kurds, found dead at edge of motorway, Foggia (I) reportedly suffocated in van MNS/IRR

18/10/00 1 Mustafa Amir (22) Iraq kurd, found dead at edge of motorway near Foggia (I) reportedly suffocated in van MNS

13/10/00 1 Ferrid Xhevdet (25) Albania died in isolation cell of detention centre Steenokerzeel (B) after trying to escape MRAX/MNS/Statewatch/IRR

04/10/00 1 N.N. (man) India stowaway, died when lorry hit a bridge near Cheb (CZ) VK/taz/NOS teletext/DPA

02/10/00 1 N.N. (29, man) Russia died after jumping out of fast driving train in Germany in fear of deportation DPA/IRR

29/09/00 1 N.N. (21, man) Pakistan stowaway, froze to dead in wheelbay of Lufthansa airplane at Frankfurt (D) airport taz/IRR/ARI/BBC

19/09/00 1 N.N. (13, boy) Bosnia suicide, jumped from church tower in Villach (A) afraid of deportation der Standard

16/09/00 2 N.N. (men) India stowaways, suffocated in container on ship in the harbour of Korinthos (GR) taz/IRN

05/09/00 2 N.N. (1 man; 1 woman) Africa drowned in Moroccan territorial waters, trying to reach Spain in small boat MNS/GARA

05/09/00 7 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned in Moroccan territorial waters, on way to Spain MNS/GARA

03/09/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned on his way to Spain, found near Bahia Plata (E) Mugak

01/09/00 2 N.N. Turkey killed in minefield on Greek-Turkish border trying to cross illegally MNS

30/08/00 1 Altankov Dagwasoundel (28) Mongolia fell to death from 6th floor window, trying to escape detention in Berlin Köpenick (D) ARI/FRBer/Liga für Mr./MNS/taz

29/08/00 1 N.N. Turkey killed in minefield on Greek-Turkish border trying to cross illegally MNS

29/08/00 7 N.N. (4 men; 3 children) Iran drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) trying to travel illegally to Western Europe MNS/AFP/taz/IFIR

29/08/00 5 N.N. Iran drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) trying to travel illegally to Western Europe MNS/AFP/taz/IFIR

28/08/00 5 N.N. unknown drowned, when fisher boat sank near Isola Capo Rizzuto (I) IRR

28/08/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Genschmar German Government

26/08/00 7 N.N. (men) Iraq/Afghanistan/Iran drowned near Kos (GR), when small boat capsizedAFP/AP/BBC

26/08/00 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned near Kos (GR), when small boat capsized AFP/AP/BBC

26/08/00 16 N.N. Iraq/Afghanistan/Iran missing, reportedly drowned near Kos (GR), after small boat capsized AFP/AP/BBC

13/08/00 4 N.N. unknown drowned, dinghy sunk decomposing bodies washed ashore in Almería (E) InformeRaxen

12/08/00 1 N.N. unknown found dead floating near Almeria (E) reportedly trying to reach Spain MNS

08/08/00 2 N.N. (women) unknown drowned, reportedly forced by traffickers to jump into Adriatic Sea near Bari (I) taz/MNS

08/08/00 2 N.N. unknown missing, reportedly forced by traffickers to jump into Adriatic Sea near Bari (I) MNS

07/08/00 1 N.N. (man) Iraq died of injuries, jumping out of police van near Györ (H) trying to escape deportation AFP

06/08/00 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, crushed to death in back of a truck on his way to Spain Mugak

05/08/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned while trying to reach Spain MNS/Mugak/EP

05/08/00 32 N.N. unknown drowned, after ship sank near Tanger (E), authorities did not help in rescue Mugak in Aug 00 24 N.N. Turkey drowned when Turkish boat with 31 immigrants capsized in the Aegean Sea ICARE in Aug 00 1 N.N. unknown found dead, reportedly drowned while trying to reach Spain MNS

30/07/00 1 fetus (±6 months) Sierra Leone unborn baby died after bad treatment of mother at Roissy airport (F) MNS

30/07/00 1 Jasmin Mohamad Ali (29) Iraq suicide, laid down in the middle of a highway in Germany for fear of deportation ARI

27/07/00 1 N.N. (man) Sub-Saharan Africa reportedly drowned, missing near Arinaga (E) trying to go to Spain from Morocco Mugak

24/07/00 2 N.N. (men) Kurdistan drowned, after falling into the Adriatic Sea (I) in a collision with a police boat MNS/VK

24/07/00 2 N.N. (1 woman, 1 man) Africa found dead near Tarifa (E), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain taz/MNS/VK

24/07/00 2 N.N. (men) North Africa found near Ceuta (E/MA), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain MNS/VK

23/07/00 1 N.N. (±22, woman) Morocco found dead near Ceuta (E/MA), drowned trying to reach Spain MNS/DiariodeNavarra/EP/Mugak

23/07/00 1 N.N. (young man) Morocco drowned near Algeciras (E) after shipwreck of a boat carrying other 36 migrants DiariodeNoticias/EP

22/07/00 2 N.N. unknown found dead near Tarifa (E), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain MNS/VK

18/07/00 1 N.N. (young woman) unknown drowned, body found floating in state of decomposition off the coast of Barbate (E) MNS

17/07/00 1 Mahalil Silva Shri Lanka died, kept on Lanarca airport (CY) for 11 days while being denied proper medical care ISAGC

13/07/00 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned near Bojador, Canary Islands (E) ELM/Mugak/ABC/Raz

13/07/00 13 N.N. (man) unknown reportedly drowned near Bojador, Canary Islands (E) ELM/Mugak/ABC/Raz

10/07/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Groß Breesen German Government

08/07/00 1 Negmiye Beraj (10 months) Kosovo died after being left alone on Italian shore by traffickers fleeing police MNS/IRR in Jul 00 1 N.N. Africa found dead in Fuerteventura (E), reportedlydrowned trying to reach the Canary Isl. VK in Jul 00 2 N.N. Africa found dead near Tarifa (E), reportedly drowned trying to reach Spain VK

23/06/00 1 Pat (22, woman) Nigeria asylum seeker, committed suicide in Dublin (IRL) for fear of deportation Irish Times

19/06/00 1 Lin Rul Zhen China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Gao Yue Ru China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Guang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Ke Mei Zhu China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Yang Jiao Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Li Yong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Zhao Hang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Chen Xing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Sun Dao Xian China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Cheng Kam Kwon China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Li Guang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Kuo Chien Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Xue You Jie China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Cai Fang Quing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Ni Yan Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Yi Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Gao Jun Wei China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Zheng Bo Ying China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Guo Liang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Cao Xiang Ping China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Chen Xing Zhong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 He Chang Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Xue Di Di China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Cao Xian Xin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Jiang Jan Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Ming Gui China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Jiang Bin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin De Bin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 25

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

19/06/00 1 Chen Yi Hua China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Li Zheng Guang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Ming Kun China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 He Yu Yuan China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Tong Hui China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Tong Yong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Ke Yong Min China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Ye Qi Ban China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Dong Ti Di China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Li Xiao Xiang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Bin China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Weng Rui Ping China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Fa Ming China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Bing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Ming Hui China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Bin Jian China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 He Hua Shun China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Yang Xin Xiaun China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Feng Di China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Yao Zhong Ai China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 He Ming Qiang China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Xian Long China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Chen Jin Tian China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Xin Chai China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Shi Wen Jie China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Ding Xiang You China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 You Long Zhong China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Lin Xue Luan China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Li Zhen Quan China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

19/06/00 1 Guo Ting Xing China suffocated in sealed trailer of a truck on ferry from Zeebrugge (B) to Dover (GB) VK/Parool/dpa/AP/Mugak/Reuters/AP/NBK/NCADC/O

06/06/00 1 N.N. unknown drowned, forced by traffickers to jump into Adriatic Sea near Otranto (I) MNS/taz

04/06/00 2 N.N. Dominican Republic stowaways, found dead in undercarriage of airplane at Stockholm (S) airport taz/ICARE/Ananova/MNS

04/06/00 1 N.N. (39, man) Afghanistan suicide, rejected asylum seeker set himself on fire in refugee home Rüsselsheim (D) ARI in Jun 00 2 N.N. Africa stowaways found dead on Maltese freighter, reportedly suffocated or poisoned Mugak

30/05/00 1 N.N. (young man) Morrocco died of burns and crushed head after falling from underneath lorry near Rinconcillo (E) MNS/EP

19/05/00 5 N.N. North Africa drowned after vessel sank in the Straits of Gibraltar near Tarifa (E) I Care/Town Crier

19/05/00 1 N.N. (16, girl) North Africa drowned after vessel sank in the Straits of Gibraltar near Tarifa (E) I Care/Town Crier

17/05/00 1 Hamid Sabur (5) Afghanistan asylum seeker, died due to lack of medical attention in ‘pension detention’ in Gols (A) MNS/Malmoe

14/05/00 3 N.N. (2 men; 1 woman) unknown drowned after their boat sank near Cadiz (E) I Care/The Entertainer Online/ABC/Raz

14/05/00 10 N.N. unknown missing, reportedly drowned after boat carrying immigrants sank near Cadiz (E) I Care/The Entertainer Online/ABC/Raz

14/05/00 2 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar (E) I Care/The Entertainer Online

12/05/00 1 N.N. (30) Albania died by jumping into 300 metre deep gorge trying to flee border police in Greece MNS

12/05/00 6 N.N. (16, boy; 5 men) North Africa drowned, when dinghy hit a reef and sank near Tarifa (E) MNS/EP

10/05/00 9 N.N. Afgh./Bangl./Pak. shot by Turkish border police, trying to cross Turkish/Iranian border illegally taz/DPA/AFP

07/05/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Kienitz German Government

07/05/00 2 N.N. (men) North Africa drowned, bodies found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) MNS

07/05/00 3 N.N. unknown drowned, when small boat capsized near Tarifa (E) MNS

07/05/00 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, missing after small boat capsized near Tarifa (E) MNS

06/05/00 1 Naimah H. Algeria suicide, at the asylum seekers transit station (detention) at Frankfurt (D) airport taz/Pax Christi/FR/IRR/MNS

05/05/00 1 Hytime Hadjari (18) Albania drowned after their small boat collided with coast guards near Otranto (I) taz/Giuliano News Chronicle/AFP/IRR

05/05/00 1 Sulko Yenci (25) Albania drowned after their small boat collided with coast guards near Otranto (I) taz/Giuliano News Chronicle/AFP/IRR

05/05/00 13 N.N. Albania drowned after their small boat collided with coast guards near Otranto (I) taz/Giuliano News Chronicle/AFP/LS/Vita/TL

05/05/00 3 N.N. Albania missing, reportedly drowned after collision with coast guards near Otranto (I) Giuliano News Chronicle/LS/Vita/TL

04/05/00 1 Lubomir B. (40, man) Slovakia died in police custody in Wien (A) after being arrested for illegal stay SOS/Menschenrechte/Malmoe

03/05/00 12 N.N. Africa drowned near El Ayhun (MA) after small boat capsized on way to Canaries (E) taz

02/05/00 1 Richard Ibekwe (man) Nigeria died in a detention centre in Wien (A) after being beaten by police AFP/AHDA/I Care/Malmoe 02/05/00 1 Khouyi Mbarek (13) Morocco found dead at shore in Scicli (I), reportedly thrown overboard as stowaways Giuliano News Chronicle

02/05/00 1 N.N. Morocco found dead at shore in Scicli (I), reportedly thrown overboard as stowaways Giuliano News Chronicle

02/05/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Neiße (D/PL) near Porajow German Government in May 00 7 N.N. Iran drowned in river Sava (HR/BH) trying to travel illegally to Western Europe MNS in May 00 1 N.N. Morocco found dead in Cadiz (E) reportedly hit by van in which he travelled to Spain Mugak in May 00 1 N.N. unknown drowned after boat carrying 20 immigrants sank near Tarifa (E), others missing Mugak in May 00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa semi-decomposed body, found on coast of Ceuta (E/MA) Mugak

01/05/00 1 N.N. (man) unknown died in minefield in Nea Vissa region (GR) near Turkish border MNS

30/04/00 2 N.N. (men) unknown reportedly drowned, after ship sank near Cadiz (E) Diario de Navarra

30/04/00 20 N.N. unknown drowned, found near Malaga (E) after ship wreckage near Cadiz (E) Diario de Navarra

30/04/00 1 N.N. unknown fell from underside truck, run over by car disembarking ferry in Algeciras (E) Diario de Navarra

30/04/00 1 N.N. Maghreb drowned, found dead 550 meters from Ceuta (E/MA) Diario de Navarra

29/04/00 20 N.N. North Africa drowned when small boat sank in storm near Tarifa (E) on way to Spain MNS

29/04/00 1 N.N. North Africa drowned, body found in advanced state of decomposition near Tarifa (E) MNS

23/04/00 1 N.N. (man) Romania found dead floating in Evros river (GR/TR) reportedly trying to cross border MNS

23/04/00 1 N.N. (young woman) China stabbed to death in Netherlands by compratiot asylum seeker for fear of deportation MNS

23/04/00 1 N.N. (young woman) China suicide after killing compatriot asylum seeker in fear of deportation in NL MNS

22/04/00 1 N.N. (man) Algeria drowned, found dead 200 meters from Melilla (E/MA) EP

19/04/00 1 Kalin Mohammed Fati (26) Iraq Kurd, drowned when smugglers tried to escape border police near Italian coast Giuliano News Chronicle

15/04/00 3 N.N. (2 women; 1 man) Africa drowned (one woman pregnant) when boat sank near the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MNS/Diario Vasco/TAZ 15/04/00 5 N.N. Africa reportedly drowned, after boat sank near the Canary Islands (E) AFP/MNS/Diario Vasco

14/04/00 1 N.N. Ukraine reportedly drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Lebus German Government

14/04/00 2 N.N. (men) Morocco stowaways, found dead in the trailer of a truck at the port of Almeria (E) AFP/EP

13/04/00 1 N.N. (man) Morocco stowaway, drowned, jumped from ship to avoid border control in port of Genova (I) Giuliano News Chronicle/ANSA

08/04/00 1 N.N. (woman) unknown crushed to death by truck in Sussex (GB) trying to immigrate to Britain illegally VK/No Pasaran/IRR/NCRM

07/04/00 1 Kandan Ravi (12) Sri Lanka disappeared after being ‘released’ from detention centre in Berlin (D) ARI

03/04/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa died after being rescued from small boat by border police near coast of Almeria (E) MNS

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 26

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Apr 00 1 Glynnis Cowley (40, woman) South Africa suicide in Liverpool (GB), after her asylum claim was rejected, mother of 3 children IRR/CARF/NCADC in Apr 00 1 N.N. (man) Morocco drowned while trying to cross the strait of Gibraltar in a small boat AFP in Apr 00 8 N.N. Morocco missing, reportedly drowned trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar in small boat AFP in Apr 00 1 N.N. unknown found dead near Ceuta (E/MA), reportedly drowned while trying to reach Spain Mugak

25/03/00 6 N.N. (3 men; 3 women) Iraq Kurds, drowned near the island of Kos (GR) reportedly after vessel capsized MNS/taz

25/03/00 3 N.N. (minors) Iraq Kurds, drowned near the island of Kos (GR) reportedly after vessel capsized MNS

25/03/00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa found dead, floating near the port of Ceuta (E/MA) MNS

24/03/00 1 N.N. unknown body found near Nassau-Frauenstein near D/CZ borderGerman Government

24/03/00 5 N.N. (4 men; 1 woman) unknown drowned on their way to Spain, found near Cadiz (E) Gara

23/03/00 1 N.N. Nigeria died in a refugee centre in Györ (H) under suspicious circumstances MGHR/Hungary

22/03/00 1 N.N. (man) Romania reportedly drowned trying to cross the river Morava (A/SK), trying to reach A Salzburger Nachrichten

22/03/00 3 N.N. (2 men; 1 woman) Africa drowned after small boat capsized near Ceuta (E/MA) MNS/GARA

20/03/00 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, reportedly trying to cross the sea to Italy, body found off the coast of Brindisi (I) ANSA

14/03/00 1 Nasim Sarbat unknown died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Seraino Vulpitta di Trappani (I) ANSA/ILM/CDS

11/03/00 3 N.N. (men) Pakistan drowned trying to cross the river Donau (A/SK) to reach Austria AFP/Salzburger Nachrichten/MNS

11/03/00 1 N.N. (man) Afghanistan drowned trying to cross the river Donau (A/SK) to reach Austria AFP/Salzburger Nachrichten/MNS

10/03/00 1 Nassim (man) Tunesia died after fire caused by rebellion in the detention centre Vulpitta in Trapani (I) MP/ARCI/L.B.CPT/GdV/quibla/INDi

08/03/00 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, body found in water purification plant Frankfurt Oder (D) German Government

06/03/00 1 N.N. (20, man) Africa died during deportation, jumped out of ferry which should have deported him; Bari (I) ILM

04/03/00 1 N.N. unknown body found near Olbernhaus near D/CZ border German Government in Mar 00 1 Sahin Coba Turkey Kurd, suicide in Weil im Schönbuch (D) for fear of deportation AN in Mar 00 1 Murat Islak Turkey Kurd, suicide in Kirchheim/Teck (D) for fear of deportation AN in Mar 00 4 N.N. unknown downed, bodies found in Strait of Otranto (I), reportedly trying to cross illegaly IRR in Mar 00 2 N.N. Macedonia died in fire in factory (undocumented workers’ home) in Legnano (I) IRR in Mar 00 1 N.N. (2, child) Macedonia died in fire in factory (undocumented workers’ home) in Legnano (I) IRR in Mar 00 1 N.N. (pregnant woman) Macedonia died in fire in factory (undocumented workers home) in Legnano (I) IRR in Mar 00 1 Zdzislav Dudca (40, man) Polish homeless migrant, died in fire in empty carriage he slept in at Napels (I) train station IRR in Mar 00 1 Bogdan Rajka (40, man) Polish homeless migrant, died in fire in empty carriage he slept in at Napels (I) train station IRR

in Mar 00 1 Zahid Mubarek (19, man) Asia murdered in GB after being placed in a prison cell with a known violent racist IRR/BBC/Mojuk/GuardianUn/zahidmubarekinquiry/Sta in Mar 00 1 N.N. (6, child) Macedonia died in fire in factory (undocumented workers’ home) in Legnano (I) IRR

28/02/00 2 N.N. Asia died after their boat was pursued by Italian coast guards IRR

19/02/00 17 N.N. (men) Morocco drowned, after ship wreckage near Canary Islands (E) GARA

15/02/00 1 Sultan Dogan (21) Kurdistan suicide, because of bad living conditions in asylum centre near Allbruck (D) SAGA/ARI

15/02/00 2 N.N. North Africa drowned on their way to Spain, found near Bolonia (E) DiarioVasco

09/02/00 15 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, small boat disappeared on Adriatic Sea near Italy Giuliano News Chronicle in Feb 00 1 Djamel Hanoun (28) Algeria ‘sans-papier’, died of acute asthma being afraid of going to doctor in Corsica (F) No Pasaran in Feb 00 15 N.N. Morocco missing, reportedly drowned after small boat capsized near El Ayun (MA) Mugak

30/01/00 1 Senida P. (26) Bosnia suicide, jumped out of 8th floor window in Frankfurt a. M. (D) in fear of deportation ARI

25/01/00 1 Ali Güzel Kurdistan hanged himself in refugee home in Singen (D) because of disgraceful treatment/lodging ARI

24/01/00 1 Robertus Grabys (49, man) Lithuania suicide, hanged himself in Harmondsworth detention centre (GB) in fear of deportation NCADC/CARF/IRR

18/01/00 1 Christian Elmarasi Egypt suicide through intoxication in JVA Landshut (D) IMEDANA

14/01/00 1 N.N. (29, woman) Ukraine froze to death in the Belles mountains (BG/GR) trying to enter Greece MNS

14/01/00 1 N.N. (24, man) Romania froze to death in the Belles mountains (BG/GR) trying to enter Greece MNS

13/01/00 1 N.N. unknown died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Seraino Vulpitta di Trappani (I) ILM/CDS

13/01/00 1 N.N. (25, man) Albania drowned, tried to escape repatriation by jumping from the ferry ‘Vega’ in Brindisi (I) ILM

13/01/00 1 N.N. (boy) Ivory coast tried to escape deportation by jumping from merchant ship ‘Jolly Rubino’ in Genova (I) ILM

12/01/00 1 N.N. (young man) Sub-Saharan Africa died of exhaustion in hospital, Melilla (E/MA), caught in storm trying to go to Spain EP

07/01/00 6 N.N. (men) Kurdistan died in van accident trying to reach Thessaloniki (GR) from Turkey MNS

07/01/00 1 Brahim Akrouk (36) unknown died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Seraino Vulpitta di Trappani (I) ILM/CDS

05/01/00 1 Vedat Yuksel (22, man) Turkey died after he hit his head when boat driver tried to escape the border police near Otranto (I) ILM 05/01/00 1 N.N. (±25, man) North Africa drowned, near Tarifa (E) trying to reach Spain swimming from a dinghy EP

04/01/00 2 N.N. (20, 28, men) North Africa drowned trying to reach Spain crossing the Strait of Gibraltar in small boat MNS/EP 03/01/00 1 N.N. (young man) China died after hit his head when forced out of the boat by smugglers near Otranto (I) ILM

03/01/00 2 N.N. (young men) North Africa drowned, bodies washed ashore near Cadiz (E) EP

03/03/00 1 Nelson Quinones-Palacios Columbia died in Mannheim prison (D) because of lack of medical treatment ARI in Jan 00 1 Riza Karadag (38) Kurdistan stowaway, in plane bound for the USA, asylum seeker in NL IRR in Jan 00 1 N.N. (minor) Africa died after jumping down a cliff trying to cross border in Melilla (E/MA) Mugak in Jan 00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa reportedly drowned, decomposing body found in the Strait of Gibraltar Mugak in Jan 00 1 N.N. (man) North Africa drowned trying to cross Strait of Gibraltar, body found near Tarifa (E) Mugak

in 2000 1 Mohsen Lalei (man) Iran died near Eskilstuna (S) when he went into hiding after his asylum claim was rejected MNS

01/01/00 1 N.N. (man) China drowned in the straits of Otranto (I) trying to reach ItalyILM

01/01/00 1 N.N. (man) Albania drowned in the straits of Otranto (I) trying to reach Italy ILM

01/01/00 1 Artur Muradov (±35, man) Azerbaijan suicide, hanged himself in a psychiatric hospital in Mülhausen (D) ARI 31/12/99 1 N.N. (man) unknown missing, reportedly drowned in the straits of Otranto (I) trying to reach Italy ILM

31/12/99 14 N.N. Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea when dinghy sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL

31/12/99 1 Lenja Leci Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL

31/12/99 1 Amed Agaj Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL

31/12/99 4 N.N. (women) Moldova drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL

31/12/99 39 N.N. a.o. Kurdist., Asia drowned in the Adriatic Sea when rubber boat sank, trying to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL

31/12/99 39 N.N. Kurdish., Asia drowned in the Adriatic Sea after dinghy sank, in attempt to reach Italy DPA/Morgengr./taz/VK/CDS/LS/TL

29/12/99 3 Rabah, Nashreddine, Jamel (men) Tunesia died after fire caused by rebellion in detention centre Vulpitta di Trapani (I) CDS/taz/Mugak/MP/ARCI/L.B.CPT/GdV/quibla/INDi

26/12/99 1 N.N. (25, man) Tanzania stowaway, died trying to swim to Sicilian coast (I) after being kept as slave on ship ILM

25/12/99 1 Mohamed Ben Said (39) Tunisia imprisoned illegally in detention camp, died while proper medical care denied ILM

22/12/99 1 Marun Adeba (2) Iraq froze to death in refrigerated lorry while trying to reach Greece from Turkey NCADC

22/12/99 1 Basil Adeba (4 ) Iraq froze to death in refrigerated lorry while trying to reach Greece from Turkey NCADC

21/12/99 1 Maulut Rozga (3) Iraq froze to death in refrigerated lorry while trying to reach Greece from Turkey NCADC

21/12/99 1 Zdravko Nikolov Dimitrov (man) Bulgaria shot by German policemen in Braunschweig (D) when he resisted his deportation FR-NieSa/DIR-Büro/taz/Osnabr. Zeit/ARI

21/12/99 1 N.N. Vietnam found drowned in the Neisse at the Polish/German border near Bad Muskau (D) BT-Drucksache

18/12/99 1 N.N. (young woman) Congo committed suicide in detention centre in Luxemburg awaiting expulsion MNS in Dec 99 17 N.N. unknown drowned near the Canary Islands (E) trying to reach them in small boats Informe Raxen in Dec 99 1 N.N. (22, man) unknown drowned trying to escape police who caught immigrants’ boat near Fuengirola (E) Mugak in Dec 99 5 N.N. unknown drowned when small boat sank near El Aaiun (MA) on way to Canary Islands (E) Mugak/ABC/Raz in Dec 99 10 N.N. unknown missing, after small boat sank near El Aaiun (MA) on way to Canary Islands (E) Mugak/ABC/Raz

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 27

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Dec 99 2 Ramsi, Lofti (men) Tunesia died after fire caused by rebellion in the detention centre of Vulpitta in Trapani (I) MP/ARCI/L.B.CPT/GdV/quibla/INDi

25/11/99 1 H.S. (30, man) Tunisia suicide, hanged himself in jail when he received expulsion order (I) ILM

20/11/99 1 N.N. China reportedly suicide, found hanged in toilet of Frankfurt Main (D) airport BT-Drucksache

19/11/99 1 Fode Kenate Guinea presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI

19/11/99 1 Ibrahim Kante Guinea presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI

19/11/99 1 Umar Balde Guinea presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI

19/11/99 1 Ibrahim Camara Guinea presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Buren (D) to Ghana ARI

17/11/99 1 Hamida Mujanovic (42) Bosnia went ‘voluntarily’ back from Germany to Bosnia, died there of lack of medical treatment ARI

07/11/99 2 N.N. (men) Syria/Iraq drowned, after boat capsized in bad weather near Turkish coast on its way to Greece AFP

01/11/99 2 N.N. (men) Albania drowned, after small boat sank near Brindisi (I) AFP/taz/ILM/FECL

01/11/99 2 N.N. (women) Moldova drowned near Brindisi (I) after small boat sank trying to reach Italy AFP/taz/ILM/FECL

01/11/99 11 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned near Brindisi (I) after boat sank trying to reach Italy AFP/taz/ILM/FECL

01/11/99 12 N.N. Iraq Kurdish stowaways, died of fume poisoning on ferry Patras (GR) to Lecce (I) Statewatch/VK/Ya Basta!/taz

31/10/99 5 N.N Iraq Kurds, died in minefield while trying to cross Turkish-Greek border near Kipi AP/taz

31/10/99 1 N.N. unknown Kurd, drowned thrown into water near Otranto (I) by smugglers for fear of coast guards FECL

28/10/99 1 Esawy Rashedal (25) Kurdistan died, being forced overboard by smugglers of small boat near Otranto (I) IRR

28/10/99 1 Ali Sismek (29) Kurdistan died by a bad fall into the river Isonzo (I/SI) trying to cross the border ILM 12/10/99 1 N.N. (±20, man) unknown stowaway, electrocuted trying to exit a freight train in a goods yard in Wembley (GB) IRR in Oct 99 1 Nestor Z. (17) Burkina Faso suicide, jumped from refugee hostel on a houseboat into river Elbe in Hamburg (D) ARI

01/10/99 6 N.N. (3 women; 3 men) Romania stowaways, found suffocated in Cyprus registered ship in Sevilla (E) harbour MNS/Mugak

27/09/99 1 N.N. (minor) Algeria drowned trying to reach Ceuta (E/MA) in small dinghy MNS/Mugak

19/09/99 1 Roberto Garcia Q. (47) Cuba stowaway found dead in the wheelbay of an Alitalia airplane at Milano (I) airport MNS

15/09/99 3 N.N. unknown drowned, small boat capsized off the coast of Tarifa (M) trying to reach Spain MNS/Mugak

07/09/99 2 N.N. (men) India undocumented workers, reportedly suffocated in van near Mantova (I) IRR/ILM

07/09/99 1 Faiz Ahmed (43) Pakistan undocumented worker, suffocated in van near Mantova (I) on way to Germany IRR/ILM

07/09/99 1 Nadeem Ahmad (26) Pakistan undocumented worker, suffocated in van near Mantova (I) on way to Germany IRR/IILM in Sep 99 4 N.N. unknown drowned near Cadiz (E) reportedly while trying to reach Spain by boat MNS

30/8/99 1 Rachid Sbaai (19) Marocco suicide, set fire to himself in detention centre Büren (D) for fear of deportation MNS/Statewatch/ARI

29/08/99 1 N.N. Sri Lanka stowaway, found dead in lorry heading towards Italy near Hajdu-Bihar (H) MNS

26/08/99 3 N.N. Iraq Kurds, died in minefield crossing Turkish-Greek border near Nea Vissa (GR) MNS

23/08/99 1 N.N. (31) Algeria reportedly drowned, found dead at the coast of Melilla (E/MA) MNS

21/08/99 1 Felix Garcia (28) Cuba stowaway, found dead in wheelbay of British Airways airplane at Gatwick (GB) airport MNS/Telegraph

19/08/99 1 Ousmane Sow Guinea died under suspicious circumstances after deportation from Germany, asylum claim denied ARI

16/08/99 40 N.N. Kosovo Roma, drowned in the Adriatic Sea trying to reach Italy in small boat Romnews/Independent/Tampere Digest/LS/Vita 16/08/99 60 N.N. Kosovo Roma, reportedly drowned in the Adriatic Sea trying to reach Italy in small boat Romnews/Independent/Tampere Digest/Vita/LS

12/08/99 1 N.N. (75, woman) Yugoslavia Roma, died after a three days crossing of the Adriatic Sea in Brindisi (I) ERRC

12/08/99 1 Manikam Thanividirasa (40, man) Sri Lanka suicide, hanged after released from detention centre Büren (D) for new asylum application Hilfe MenschenAB

04/08/99 1 Tau Zohrd (43, woman ) Iraq Kurdish woman, drowned after being thrown into Adriatic Sea by traffickers near Italy Morgengr./IRR/MNS/ILM

02/08/99 1 Koita Yaguine (14, boy) Guinea stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of Conakry (Guinea) to Brussel (B) flight VK/Morgengr./Trouw/PUB/IRR/MNS/NCADC

02/08/99 1 Tounkara Fodé (15, boy) Guinea stowaway, frozen to death in undercarriage of Conakry (Guinea) to Brussel (B) flight VK/Morgengr./Trouw/PUB/IRR/MNS/NCADC in Aug 99 1 N.N. (man) Iraq Kurdish stowaway, crushed to death in Dover (GB), hanging on the underside of lorry IRR

in Aug 99 1 N.N. (young woman) China died before or after smugglers threw her into the Adriatic sea near Brindisi (I) IRR/Giuliano News Chronicle in Aug 99 18 Family A. (9 children) Albania Roma, drowned in the Adriatic sea when boat sank on way to Italy Rom e.v.

30/07/99 1 Bogdan Wszedybil (46) Poland suicide, got desperate by not getting a residence permit after 10 years stay in France MNS/Mugak/IRR

24/07/99 9 N.N. Morocco drowned, small boat hit rocks while trying to reach the Canary Islands (E) MNS

24/07/99 1 N.N. (28, woman) Vietnam burned (with her two children) in fire in refugee centre in Bad Kreuznach (D) ARI

24/07/99 2 N.N. (3; 6) Vietnam burned in fire in refugee centre in Bad Kreuznach (D) ARI

15/07/99 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Nieder Neuendorf Interior Ministry Germany

11/07/99 1 N.N. unknown reportedly drowned, part of body found in border river Neisse near Keuner Wehr (D) German Government

07/07/99 38 N.N. (16-26) North Africa drowned in the straits of Gibraltar after ship captain refused to transport them SOS

09/06/99 1 Bouna Wade (minor) Senegal stowaway, found dead on the runway of Abidjan (Ivory Coast) airport (4th attempt) MNS

28/05/99 1 Aamir Moh. Ageeb (30, man) Sudan suffocated under helmet used to hold him down during deportation from Frankfurt airport (D) taz/AP/SZ/CNN/VK/Statewatch/Trouw/MNS/Reuters/K

27/05/99 5 N.N. (2 minors) unknown drowned, small boat collided with police boat in Adriatic Sea near Otranto (I) MNS/AFP/LS/NCAs

21/05/99 19 N.N. Angola conscientious objectors, missing since deportation from Portugal to Angola IAADH

18/05/99 2 N.N. North Africa stowaways, suffocated in a Moroccan lorry near French- Belgian border MNS

16/05/99 22 N.N. (8 children) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita

16/05/99 1 N.N. (woman) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita

16/05/99 1 N.N. (3) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita/NCAs

16/05/99 1 N.N. (5) Albania drowned in the Adriatic Sea near Vlorë (AL) trying to reach Italy MNS/AFP/IRR/ILM/Vita/NCAs

10/05/99 1 Alabamou Mamah (30) Togo suicide, jumped into river Main in Würzburg (D) after asylum application was rejected ARI/ FR

06/05/99 13 N.N. unknown 3 dinghies with 40 people on board sank 100 km south of Arzila (E), 27 rescued ELM

05/05/99 13 N.N. (5 men; 2 women) Morocco found dead on Moroccan coast, drowned trying to cross the strait of Gibraltar MNS/Informe Raxen in May 99 1 Moshen Sliti (41) Tunisia died of heartattack after delayed medical help in detention centre of Arenc (F) MNS/IRR/EUMC

01/05/99 1 Marcus Omofuma (25, man) Nigeria suffocated during deportation from Wien (A) to Sofia (BG), he had his mouth taped Statewatch/Morgengr./Ravage/IRR/AFP/BBC/Rosa An

19/04/99 12 N.N. (4 children; 8 adults) Pakistan/Afghanistan reportedly drowned in river Tisza trying to cross Ukranian-Hungarian border taz/AFP/IRR/iN exile

16/04/99 1 K. Hamasediq Abdullah (45) Iraq found dead under a bridge in Dessau (D) after asylum application was rejected ARI

12/04/99 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Görlitz reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany

23/03/99 1 Veluppillai Balachandran (39) Sri Lanka suicide after hunger-strike in deportation prison Moers (D) for fear of deportation NCADC/IRR

20/03/99 1 N.N. unknown immigrant, reportedly drowned, found dead at the beach of Ceuta (E/MA) Informe Raxen

12/03/99 1 Emin Acar (17) Turkey presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Stuttgart (D) to Turkey ARI

04/03/99 1 N.N. Polish reportedly drowned, dead body found in border (D-PL) river Neisse near Ostritz (D) German Government

03/03/99 1 Khaled Abuzarifeh (27, man) Palestine suffocated being gagged by police during deportation from Zürich airport Kloten (CH) Statewatch/Morgengr./Pressesp. Rassis./IRR/MNS/AI/

17/02/99 1 Azmon Qaka (29 days) Kosovo died in hospital in Maglie (I) after being thrown in the sea by smugglers ILM

10/02/99 1 Amed Dauda (18) Mali stowaway, trying to escape from police drowned in Guadalquivir river near Sevilla (E) IRR/MNS

03/02/99 1 Idris Tey (31) Tunisia drowned near Siracusa (I) trying to swim ashore from a vessel MNS/ILM in Feb 99 2 N.N. (babies) Bosnia died in bad hygienic conditions in refugee nomad encampment at Muratella (I) IRR

31/01/99 1 E.L. (28) Phillipines suicide, hanged with belt in JVA München (D) IMEDANA

12/01/99 1 H. Merkebu Getachew (man) Ethiopia suicide, hanged himself in detention centre Lübbecke (D) ARI

11/01/99 1 N.N. (man) Kurdistan stowaway crushed to death under the weels of a lorry leaving the ferry of Dover (GB) MNS/IRR

04/01/99 1 Berzan Öztürk (man) Kurdistan set fire to himself in Stuttgart-Stammheim prison (D) in solidarity with Kurdish prisoners ARI/AP/ZAG in Jan 99 1 Elvane Vuciterna Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR in Jan 99 1 Tarik Vuciterna (18 months) Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR in Jan 99 1 N.N. (15, girl) Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 28

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Jan 99 3 N.N. Albania/Kosovo drowned near Brindisi (I) after their small boat collided with another boat IRR

in Jan 99 1 Süleyman Aksoy Turkey Kurd, suspicious death in the Turkish army after deportation from the Netherlands AC/MNS/ARI/Fabel van de Illegaal

in 1999 1 Cipriano I. M. Angola undocumentated worker died during ‘illegal’ work in Caspe (E) by falling from a tractor IRR in 1999 1 Margota (baby) Romania died of heart attack when police raided Roma camp in Casalino (I) IRR

in Jan 99 1 Savas Cicek Turkey Kurd, suspicious death in the Turkish army after deportation from the Netherlands AC/MNS/ARI/Fabel van de Illegaal/Nederlands Dagbla

in 1999 1 N.N. (woman) Sri Lanka suicide, asylum seeker jumped in front of a train in Russelheim (D) ARI in 1999 1 N.N. unknown drowned, while trying to enter Germany ARI

01/01/99 1 N.N. (3 weeks) Kosovo body found in a lorry by French custom officerIRR

31/12/98 2 N.N. Kurdistan drowned after boat sank in the Aegean Sea (GR) AFP/MNS

31/12/98 9 N.N. unknown missing after boat sank in Aegean Sea (GR) AFP/MNS

29/12/98 1 N.N. Kurdistan frozen to death and mutilated by wolves in the forest near Nimfopetra (GR) MNS

29/12/98 1 N.N. (39, woman) Ukraine died of hypothermia in Avelinno (I) being kept in slavery by an Italian Baker MNS

26/12/98 1 Tesfa Bizuneh Ethiopia suicide, jumped out of 3rd floor of hospital in München (D) in fear of deportation IMEDANA/ZAG

23/12/98 2 N.N. North Africa drowned, small boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Cadiz (E) MNS

23/12/98 22 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, small boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Cadiz (E) MNS

21/12/98 3 N.N. Morocco drowned, small boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near isle Alboran (E) MNS/taz

20/12/98 3 N.N. North Africa drowned when boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Ceuta (E/MA) AFP/MNS/taz

20/12/98 5 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned when boat carrying ‘illegal’ immigrants sank near Ceuta (E/MA) AFP/MNS/taz

10/12/98 30 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned when boat to Spain sank in the Straits of Gibraltar AFP/VK

10/12/98 1 N.N. North Africa drowned in the strait of Gibraltar when small boat capsized MNS

10/12/98 32 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned, missing after small boat capsized in the strait of Gibraltar MNS

06/12/98 8 N.N. Sierra Leone drowned near Malta on their way to Italy, reportedly thrown into sea by smugglers AP/MNS

02/12/98 1 J. Danielle (pregnant woman) Algeria suicide, found hanged at police station in Ceuta (E/MA) while in detention AFP/IRR/AI in Dec 98 1 Lin Yan-Guang (35, man) China suicide, asylum seeker suffering from depression in hospital in Brentwood (GB) CARF/IRR/NCADC

27/11/98 3 N.N. (baby; woman; man) Albania drowned, after dinghy collided with speed boat near Brindisi (I) MNS/AFP/Reu

27/11/98 4 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned, dinghy collided with speed boat near Brindisi (I) MNS/AFP/Reu

25/11/98 27 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned, small boat capsized near Tanger (MA) on the way to Spain MNS/AFP/Statewatch

17/11/98 1 A. Rassal (34) Iraq hit by a train near Soufli (GR) after swimming the Evros river (Turkish border) MNS

14/11/98 1 Harrinder Singh Cheena (16, b.) India suicide, hanged himself in youth prison Halle (D) for fear of deportation SZ/MNS/ARI/ZAG

09/11/98 1 Solomon Mforbei Fusi (15) Cameroon stowaway fell in Lauchringen (D) from undercarriage of airplane between Africa &CH AP/MNS/NZZ/ZAG

02/11/98 1 Kamran Gord Iran suicide in asylum seekers centre Slagharen (NL) Trouw/Prime

31/10/98 1 fetus (4 months) Rwanda died during an attempt to expel the mother, Blandine K (20), at airport Zaventem (B) MNS

31/10/98 1 John Madu (31) Nigeria bled to death in Liége (B) after being denied medical treatment BBC/MNS/IRR

25/10/98 4 N.N. (2 women; 1 baby; 1 man) Albania drowned when dinghy collided and caught fire after leaving Port of Vlorë (AL) MNS/AFP/ARD/ZDF

25/10/98 16 N.N. Albania missing, reportedly drowned, boat collided after leaving Port of Vlorë (AL) MNS/AFP/ARD/ZDF

20/10/98 1 Irini P. (20) Belarus suicide, in Thessaloniki (GR) after being forced to work as a prostitute MNS

06/10/98 1 Daniel Kassa Mehari (32) Ethiopia suicide, jumped from railway bridge near Magdeburg (D) died of injuries in hospital ARI/ZAG in Oct 98 1 Mehretab Kidane (28, man) Eritrea suicide, hanged himself on the day of his final asylum appeal hearing in London (GB) IRR/iN exile/CARF/NCRM/NCADC

in Oct 98 1 N.N. (woman) China died of heart failure, attempting to cross the Malse river into Austria from Czechia IRR 29/09/98 1 N.N. (18, man) Hungary suicide, hanged himself in a detention centre in Austria after being caught by border-police IRR

22/09/98 1 Semira Adamu (20, woman) Nigeria suffocated to death by pillow, being forcibly deported from Belgium VK/CCLE/AFP/MNS/IRR/AI/MN/Kein Mensch/IAS/Vivr

17/09/98 1 N.N. Macedonia reportedly drowned, body found near D/PL border near Bahren-Zelz (D) ARI

17/08/98 1 N.N. Albania shot by police in train from Belgium to Italy when border patrol controlled identities MNS/IRR

06/08/98 1 N.N. (minor) Kurdistan stoned to death by smugglers on the Adriatic sea when he refused to pay extra MNS in Aug 98 1 N.N. (girl) Morocco drowned in the Mediterranean during third attempt to enter Spain illegally IRR in Aug 98 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, seen falling down from an aircraft near Heathrow airport (GB) MNS/OBV/IRR in Aug 98 1 Saber Abdelh Morocco undocumented worker dies in disputed circomstances in Sicilian (I) detention centre IRR

30/07/98 1 Isuf Kosumi Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZA

30/07/98 1 Valdet Rezita Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZA

30/07/98 1 Xhevdet Krasnici Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZA

30/07/98 1 Sali Emini Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZA

30/07/98 1 Artan Dauti Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZA

30/07/98 1 Zaim Dauti Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZA

30/07/98 1 Lumni Brahimi Kosovo died in car crash in Weisenborn (D/CZ border) trying to escape border control Radio Bayern 5/ WB/ARD/ZDF/Statewatch/OL/ARI/ZA

28/07/98 5 N.N. Tunisia stowaways, died in Genua (I) when vessel set fire NOS/Reu./BBC

26/07/98 5 N.N. Unknown drowned near Cadiz (E) while trying to reach Spain in small boat IRR

25/07/98 1 Mehmet K. (24) Kurdistan asylum seeker died of anxiety psychosis in emergency ward of clinic in Karlsruhe (D) MNS

20/07/98 8 N.N. North Africa drowned near South of Italy being forced overboard when spotted by coast gards AFP/CDS 06/07/98 2 N.N. unknown drowned while trying to swim across the river Tresa (I/CH) because of strong current NZZ

06/07/98 7 N.N. Morocco found drowned at beach in Ceuta (E/MA) after boat capsized in Street of Gibraltar IRR/IPS/MNS

05/07/98 38 N.N. unknown drowned near Melilla (E/MA) on their way to Spain ELM

in Jul 98 1 Sofonias Alemseged (22) Eritrea asylum seeker suicide, hanged himself in Brixton prison (GB) IRR/CARF/NCRM/NCADC

01/07/98 1 Haydar Findik (±27) Kurdistan died in asylum seekers centre Altenburg (D) after being refused medical help FR-Thüringen/taz/AN/ZAG

30/06/98 7 N.N. Morocco drowned near Ceuta (E/MA) when small boat capsized TAZ

29/06/98 2 N.N. (minors) Africa died of starvation on a boat on its way from Lebanon to Cyprus MNS 22/06/98 1 N.N. (boy) North Africa drowned near Spain when his small boat smashed against a rock MNS in Jun 98 38 N.N. Morocco drowned near Melilla (E/MA) on their way to Spain when their small boat capsized LR

01/06/98 1 Hasan Akdag (21, man) Kurdistan set himself on fire in detention centre Lingen (D), after 2nd asylum application was rejected FR-NieSa/MNS/Morgengr./ZAG

16/05/98 1 Karim Hassan (man) Palestine suicide, hanged himself in Nieuwersluis (NL) after being 8 months in detention AC/VPRO

15/05/98 1 N.N. Macedonia drowned near the Oder (D), jumped of a bridge chased by border guards MOZ/ZAG

14/05/98 1 N.N. (man) Sudan died fell or pushed from a 4th floor window of a detention centre in Breda (NL) VK

02/05/98 3 N.N. Albania drowned after boat accident near Vlorë (AL) trying to cross the Adriatic sea MNS

02/05/98 1 Nouredine El Amrani (26, man) Morocco committed suicide in detention centre Kronach (D) after living 2 years in detention taz/ZAG

16/04/98 2 N.N. (22; 26, men) Morocco blown up while trying to cross the Greek-Turkish border through a minefield MNS

12/04/98 1 Asan Asanov (51) Macedonia died after deportation from Germany to Kocani (MK) while being severely ill ARI/ZAG

08/04/98 1 N.N. Bangladesh died in car accident in Klingental near CZ/D border ARI/ZAG

03/04/98 1 N.N. (23, man) Algeria shot by policeman (NL) after reportedly threatened detention guards with a knife MNS in Apr 98 1 N.N. Romania discovered stowaway, drowned in the Ostsee (D) after jumping off the ship ARI/ZAG

19/03/98 1 N.N. (man) Nigeria stowaway, suffocated in the hold of a Jamaican vessel on his way to Ireland MNS

16/03/98 13 N.N. North Africa drowned (disappeared) in the Street of Gibraltar when a Marocain ship sank PUB

16/03/98 10 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned near the coast of Cadiz (E) after their boat capsized MNS

15/03/98 1 Sharif Hussein Ahmed Somalia suicide in Graz (A) after winning ECHR case but refused residency by Austria MNS/UNHCR

14/03/98 1 Adrian Lucian Cretu (17) Romania died in car accident in Burgenland (A) being chased by border police Presse

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 29

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

05/03/98 1 Edmond Kapraku (30) Albania fell into the sea trying to reach Italy and cut into pieces by a propeller screw IRR

02/03/98 1 N.N. (25, man) Romania died of bullet wounds at the BG-GR border during attempt to cross the border by car MNS in Mar 98 1 N.N. (47, woman) Ethiopia committed suicide in Italy, obsessed for fear of non-renewal of residence permit IRR in Mar 98 1 Aimer Busher Tunisia missing after jumping in the Straits of Messina (E) hoping to swim ashore IRR

28/02/98 1 Muhamet Islami Gjeli (70) Kosovo murdered by Serbs in Liskoshan (Kosovo) after being deported from Germany ARI/ZAG

28/02/98 1 Naser Islami Gjeli (37) Kosovo murdered by Serbs in Liskoshan (Kosovo) after being deported from Germany ARI/ZAG

28/02/98 1 Beqir Sejdiu (36) Kosovo deported asylum seeker (D) killed in Quirez (Kosovo) by Serbian security forces IRR/ZAG

21/02/98 1 N.N. (21, woman) Somalia drowned, body found in river Rein near Köln (D) ARI/ZAG

13/02/98 1 Sadik Genc Turkey presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Bremen (D) to Turkey ARI

09/02/98 5 N.N. Albania drowned near Brindisi (I) trying to cross the Adriatic sea, MNS/IRR

09/02/98 5 N.N. Albania reported missing near Brindisi (I) trying to cross the Adriatic sea MNS/IRR

08/02/98 1 N.N. (man) Azerbaijan stowaway, found in the undercarriage of a plane from Baku to Gatwick airport (GB) IRR

07/02/98 1 N.N. (man) unknown stowaway, found frozen in undercarriage of plane from Baku (AZ) to London (GB) MNS/IRR in Feb 98 1 N.N. (50, woman) Armenia suicide in police cell in Renkum (NL) asylum application was rejected twice Respons in Feb 98 3 N.N. Iraq drowned trying to swim across the Meric river between Turkey and Greece The Observer

19/01/98 1 N.N. Albania mortally injured by a boat’s propeller on his way to Italy FR/MNS

08/01/98 1 Issah M. (30) Togo presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Germany to Togo ARI

05/01/98 1 N.N. (24, man) Kurdistan set himself on fire his application for asylum was rejected for 2nd time (D) FR/MNS/ZAG in 1998 4 N.N. North Africa found dead in an irrigation ditch near La Jonquera (E) SOS Racismo in 1998 1 N.N. (20, man) North Africa stowaway, reportedly suffocated near Almeria (E) during journey hidden in a lorry SOS Racismo

31/12/97 1 Salko L. (39, man) Bosnia suicide, hanged himself in the psychiatric wing of the Tegel detention centre (D) CARF/ARI/ZAG

13/12/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Forst reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

26/11/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (PL/D) near Frankfurt reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

20/11/97 12 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned in Adriatic sea when dinghy got a leak MNS/VK/taz/AFP/Reu./FECL/Vita/LS/TL

20/11/97 5 N.N. Albania died of hypothermia on Adriatic sea when dinghy got a leak MNS/VK/taz/AFP/Reu./FECL/Vita/LS/TL

07/11/97 1 Akim (24, man) Togo jumped out of the window because of police raid in his apartment block in Bremen (D) NCADC/Int. Menschenr. Ver. Bremen/ARI/ZAG

27/10/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Görlitz reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

22/10/97 4 N.N. North Africa drowned near Tarifa on their way to Spain EP/MNS/Statewatch

22/10/97 13 N.N. North Africa reportedly drowned near Tarifa (E) on their way to Spain EP/MNS/Statewatch

18/10/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (PL/D) near Frankfurt reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

18/10/97 1 N.N. unknown frozen to death near Kipsdorf (D) near border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG in Oct 97 1 Vikas Singh Unknown stowaway froze to death in wheel bay during flight to London (GB) IRR

16/09/97 14 N.N. Morocco drowned near Tanger on their way to Spain VK/taz/EP/MNS/ELM

16/09/97 10 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned near Tanger on their way to Spain VK/taz/EP/MNS/ELM

15/09/97 3 N.N. Iraq killed by mines trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border, 11 others injured taz/AP/FR/Int. Herald Tribune / MNS

12/09/97 1 N.N. Afghanistan drowned, body found in river Neiße (D/PL) near Bahren/Forst ARI/ZAG

09/09/97 1 Afrim Magastena (24, man) Kosovo-Albania suicide, hanged himself at refugee hostel in Prenzlau (D) in fear of deportation CARF/ARI

07/09/97 1 N.N. (man) unknown found drowned in river Neisse in Sachsen (D) when trying to cross the PL-D Border ARI/ZAG in Sep 97 26 N.N. North Africa drowned when trying to cross the Strait of Gibraltar Morgengrauen, IRR

31/08/97 1 Kwame Osei (±30) Ghana jumped under a train at Eberstadt (D) under threat of deportation Morgengr./CARF/ARI/ZAG

27/08/97 1 Zülfü Demirkan Turkey presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Frankfurt (D) to Turkey ARI

22/08/97 1 N.N. (woman) unknown drowned, trying to cross the border, body found in the river Neisse near Ratzdorf (D) MOZ/ZAG

16/08/97 1 Ali Polat Turkey Kurd, presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Germany to Turkey ARI

09/08/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Ratzdorf reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

02/08/97 7 N.N. North Africa drowned near Pantelleria (I) when their boat sank on way to Italy taz/DPA/TL in Aug 97 4 N.N. (men) Morocco found dead in a ditch near Pineda (E), reportedly asphyxiated hidden in a lorry MNS

01/08/97 1 Mohamed Boughnahmi Tunesia drowned, body found near Pantelleria (I) TL

30/07/97 1 Ibrahim A. Turkey Kurd, reportedly dead, dissapeared after being deported from Germany to Turkey ARI

26/07/97 1 Mihai Sandu (25) Romania suicide, found drowned near Oldenburg (D) shortly after threat of deportation FR/MNS/taz/NW/OL/ZAG

11/07/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D)near Zentendorf reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany 10/07/97 1 Halina Halim (44) Afghanistan drowned, body found in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben, daughter (10) is missing ZAG

04/07/97 1 N.N. (26) Togo drowned in river Mosel near Schweich (D) when trying to escape from police Trierer Volksfreund/ZAG

27/06/97 2 Liu Zen G. China/unknown killed in bus accident, when D/PL authorities forced quick return FFM/Pro Asyl/FR/MNS/ZAG

20/06/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Hirschfelde reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

17/06/97 1 N.N. Afghanistan drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Bad Muskau reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany

12/06/97 24 N.N. Morocco drowned near Tanger (E) on their way to Spain AFP/taz/Tagesschau/EP/MNS/VK/MUGAK

12/06/97 7 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned near Tanger (E) on their way to Spain AFP/taz/Tagesschau/EP/MNS/VK

10/06/97 1 N.N. Afghanistan drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Guben reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

09/06/97 1 F.F. (27) Egypt committed suicide with belt in JVA Augsburg (D) IMEDANA/ZAG

04/06/97 1 Bektas Heval (26) Kurdistan burnt to death in refugee hostel in Friedrichshafen (D), assumed arson attack taz/DPA/Querblick/MNS/CARF/ZAG

02/06/97 1 N.N. (baby) Afghanistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz taz/German authorities/FR/MNS/SZ/ZAG in Jun 97 23 N.N. North Africa drowned after their boat capsized near Tanger on their way to Spain EP/MNS in Jun 97 1 Dinari Elai Ben Lazar North Africa died after a 3 months hunger strike in protest, in detention without trial (I) CARF

22/05/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (PL/D) near Frankfurt, reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

06/05/97 1 N.N. (16) Bosnia suicide in asylum centre Chur (CH) Bündner Tagblatt/SFH in May 97 1 N.N. (33, man) Russia suicide in penal institution Halle (D) for fear of deportation ARI/ZAG

26/04/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Bad Muskau reportedly trying to cross border Interior Ministry Germany/ZAG

15/04/97 1 N.N. (man) Senegal died in hospital, found with hypothermia and frostbite near Deutschneudorf (D) ARI/ZAG

03/04/97 1 Peter San Pedro (25) unknown walked in front lorry after release from arrest on suspicion of being ‘illegal’ in Kent (GB) NCRM

01/04/97 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (PL/D) near Köbeln reportedly trying to cross the border Interior Ministry/ZAG

28/03/97 87 N.N. Albania drowned when refugee boat capsized after colliding with Italian army ship Reu/taz/VK/MNS/SD/Statewatch/LS/MP/Vita

23/03/97 1 N.N. (12, boy) Kenya stowaway, killed by plane wheels on Nairobi-Gatwick (GB) flight CARF/GuardianUn/IRR

16/03/97 11 N.N. Morocco/Lebanon died in van accident in Gerona (E) being pressed between boxes DPA/taz

16/03/97 18 N.N. Iran/Iraq drowned when boat capsized between Kas (TR) and Kastellorizon (GR) MNS/FR/Libération

12/03/97 1 Vijay Sainu (19, man) India stowaway froze to death in wheel bay during flight Delhi-Heathrow (GB) IRR/OBV in Mar 97 1 N.N. (boy) Nigeria stowaway froze to death in wheel bay during flight from Nigeria to London (GB) IRR

15/02/97 1 N.N. (man) unknown found frozen/drowned at river Neisse (D/PL) near Ostriz SZ/ZAG

02/02/97 2 N.N. North Africa stowaways, bodies found in Pasajes (E) on Cypriotic ship ‘Deike’ taz/DPA/Statewatch

02/02/97 1 Ivan Zamecznik (35) Croatia suicide of civil war refugee in Regensburg (D) fearing close deportation taz/ARD/ZDFvideotxt/MNS/CARF/IMEDANA/ZAG in Feb 97 1 N.N. Africa stowaway found in Delfzijl (NL), suffocated in ship from Cameroon AD

11/01/97 3 N.N. Morocco drowned in the Strait of Gibraltar when small boat sank taz/EP/MNS

11/01/97 7 N.N. Morocco reportedly drowned in the Strait of Gibraltar when small boat sank taz/EP/MNS

10/01/97 3 N.N. (minors) Kosovo died in fire in refugee container without fire protection in Monheim (D) taz/Monitor/Berliner Ztg./ARI/CARF/ZAG

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 30

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

10/01/97 1 Herbert Gabbidon (68, man) Jamaica died in Walsall (GB) in police custody while police tried to deport him NCADC

04/01/97 1 Jean Masinga Zaire suicide in detention centre Neuenburg Cernets (CH) following depression SFH/IRR/CARF

in Jan 97 1 Vasyl Balakin (26, man) Ukraine suicide, hanged himself from a scaffolding in Trieste (I) after he received expulsion order IRR

in Jan 97 1 N.N. (man) Tunesia smashed his head when trying to land with a group in Lampedusa (I) ILM/IRR in Jan 97 2 N.N. Tunesia died on a ship journey to Lampedusa (I) ILM/IRR/Italian authorities

in Jan 97 2 N.N. Africa stowaways, died of hunger in container on Kenyan ship in Antwerpen (B) Le Soir/La Libre Belgique/MNS in Jan 97 2 N.N. Africa stowaways, died from inhaling insecticides in Ghanan ship in Saint-Malo (F) Le Monde/Libération/MNS

in 1997 1 M’Bicha Zaire died in Brussels Airport (B) during expulsion procedure, suffocated with a pillow Público

in 1997 1 Bouasrai Benothmane Algeria thrown out of window during arrest in Algeria after deportation from Belgium Vers l’Avenir/Solidaire/IRR/CARF in 1997 3 N.N. Nigeria/Liberia stowaways, died on a Danish vessel because of poisonous gas BAZ

in 1997 2 N.N. (men) Africa stowaways, died of poisonous gas in hold of cargo ship on way to Amsterdam (NL) AmsStadsblad in 1997 40 N.N. unknown killed, shot and buried by gendarmes, were caught crossing TR-Iran border at Baskale (TR) StreetJ/NoHuman

25/12/96 283 N.N. (men; women; children) India/Pakist./Sri Lanka drowned after international sinking by Greek captain of a vessel near Malta taz/UNHCR/DPA/MNS/ZDF/LR/VK/FR/IRR/MUGAK/EU

25/12/96 1 Anpalagan Ganeshu (17) Sri Lanka drowned after international sinking by Greek captain of a vessel near Malta MNS

06/12/96 1 P. Subramaniyam (35, woman) Sri Lanka died frozen and exhausted on CZ/D border near Eggersberg VK/SZ/Morgengr./BGS/ZAG in Dec 96 1 Mustafa Diffalah Algeria suicide by jumping out of window after refusal of residence permit in France CARF

24/11/96 1 Alfa Biyao Sabi Touré (35, man) Togo suicide, hanged himself in JVA Lörrach (D) fearing deportation and persecution Pro Asyl/MNS/ZAG

06/11/96 1 Mohammed Sharkeri Iran suicide facing repatriation (S) FARR/MNS

04/11/96 1 Senad Becirovic Bosnia suicide when ordered to leave Germany SZ/FR/MNS/ZAG

03/11/96 3 N.N. (young men) China hit by train near Ventimiglia (I) while trying to walk to France on railway line IRR

27/10/96 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Lebus MOZ/FFM/ARI/Bundesregierung/ZAG

21/10/96 1 N.N. unknown found dead by police near Cádiz (E)Mugak

16/10/96 4 N.N. unknown found dead by police near Cádiz (E)Mugak

11/10/96 3 N.N. unknown found dead by police near Tánger (MA) Mugak

09/10/96 25 N.N. Morocco drowned in Strait of Gibraltar when small boat sank ELM

in Oct 96 1 Mohamed Korrich Algeria suicide by jumping out of train in Italy, fearing deportation to Slovenia CARF/IRR/ILM in Oct 96 1 N.N. (man) India stowaway fell from weelbays, airplane landing in London (GB) from New Delhi (India) MNS

23/09/96 1 Ahire Naruna Awaifo (25) Nigeria killed in demonstration in Guinea Bissau after expulsion from Spain MNS/EP/AI

21/09/96 1 N.N. (36) Ukraine died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Menden (D) ZAG

12/09/96 1 N.N. Morocco stowaway, drowned in Bay of the Seine river (F) after jumping from the ship MNS/Le Monde

09/09/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Frankfurt trying to cross the border BT-Drucksache/ZAG

08/09/96 1 N.N. unknown stowaway, body found in the fuselage of an airplane in Frankfurt am Main (D) BT-Drucksache/JW/ZAG

07/09/96 2 N.N. (men) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz SZ/FFM/ARI/Bundesregierung/ZAG

05/09/96 1 N.N. Morocco shot dead while trying to enter country illegaly, Ceuta (E/MA) ABC

04/09/96 1 N.N. (minor) Bangladesh reportedly suicide, found dead in court of youth refugee centre in Berlin (D) ARI/ZAG

02/09/96 1 Ibrahim Demiri Albania drowned near Puglia (I) after fall off motor-boat pursued by customs/border police ILM/IRR in Sep 96 1 N.N. Russia stowaway, found frozen to death in wheelbay on flight from Russia to Rome (I) MNS

25/08/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz trying to cross the border BT-Drucksache/ZAG

22/08/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben trying to cross the border BT-Drucksache

06/08/96 1 Lenley Nestor Yengnagueba Togo jumped from the window when immigration police rung at his door in Stockholm (S) Svenska Dagbladet/Dagens Nyheter/FARR

01/08/96 1 N.N. (32, man) Albania suicide, kills himself by shooting in Gelsenkirchen (D) ZAG in Aug 96 1 Metin Akbel Turkey presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Germany to Turkey ARI in Aug 96 1 Ivica Matic (34 ) Serbia stepped on mine after ‘voluntary’ deportation to Sarajevo from Germany ZAG

In Aug 96 1 Mohammed Yaqoob (49, man) Pakistan denied for 7 month visa for medical care to GB, died 48 hours after being granted it IRR

29/07/96 1 El Hassam Rizk Morocco body found with many wounds on head in Cieza (E) ELM/Diario Vasco

29/07/96 1 N.N. Ghana stowaway, found suffocated in Coruña (E)Egin

28/07/96 1 N.N. Maghreb found dead with many wounds, Aitona (E)Diario Vasco/Egin

16/07/96 1 N.N. Kurdistan suicide, hanged himself in Kassel prison (D) IRR

14/07/96 1 Juri Palienko (49) Ukraine suicide in detention centre in Erding (D) AN/JW/ARI/ProAsyl/ZAG in Jul 96 1 N.N. Nigeria suicide, hanged himself in Kassel prison (D) jW/IRR

01/07/96 1 Amir Salehi (man) Iran suicide, set himself on fire in Crailo (NL) as protest to long asylum procedure VK

30/06/96 1 N.N. Iraq died in a mine field near Alexandropolis (GR) Diário de Notícias

30/06/96 3 N.N. Iraq/Algeria died in a mine field when trying to cross the Turkish-Greek border Diário de Notícias/BRC

30/06/96 1 Reza Hashemy Iran died in mysterious circumstances after repatriation, as.claim refused by Dutch auth. MNS/NRC/AD/Trouw/CARF

29/06/96 2 N.N. (18, 21, men) Romania fell to death in Altenberg (D) on flight from border control D-CZ SZ/ZAG

25/06/96 1 Victor Onag Hnor Nigeria suicide, jumped in the Havel/Berlin river (D) after threat of deportation Asyl in der Kirche/ARI/ZAG 10/06/96 1 N.N. Nigeria died in suspicious circumstances in refugee centre Ter Apel (NL) fearing traffickers VK/Focus

06/06/96 1 Jude Akubakar (16) Sierra Leone drowned in Hamburg (D) fleeing from assumed policemen ND/OL/FR-H/ARI/ZAG in Jun 96 1 Mohamed S. Iran suicide after Swedish authorities wanted to review his successful asylum claim Artikel14

27/05/96 1 Yemu Kebede (27) Ethiopia suicide, hanged himself in hospital Hellersen (D) ARI/ZAG

26/05/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Sagar trying to cross the border BT-Drucksache

26/05/96 2 N.N. (20) Algeria suicide, died in fire in Kassel prison (D) FR/JW/BerlinerZtg/ZAG

21/05/96 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, body found by police near Cádiz (E)Mugak

17/05/96 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, body found by police near Cádiz (E) Mugak

11/05/96 1 N.N. Maghreb drowned near San Amaro/Ceuta (E/MA) on his way to Andalusia SOS/Egin/Police

26/04/96 14 N.N. unknown drowned, found dead off the coast of Lampedusa (I) TL

25/04/96 1 Apedo Lossou-Gavo (man) Togo suicide, hanged himself in Landshut (D) after rejection of his asylum application MNS/ProAsyl/AG3F/JW/ZAG

25/04/96 26 N.N. Sri Lanka/Africa drowned near Vieste (I) when two boats got into heavy sea taz/TL 25/04/96 1 N.N. Iran suicide, hanged himself in Haarlem (NL) after asylum application was rejected VK

25/04/96 4 N.N. (men) Sri Lanka drowned, in stormy waters near Vieste (I) TL

25/04/96 2 N.N. (women) Shri Lanka drowned in stormy waters near Vieste (I) TL

24/04/96 1 N.N. Romania drowned in Le Havre (F) trying to embark on Canadian ship MNS/Le Figaro

24/04/96 1 Tatjana I. Kabakchieva Bulgaria drowned in the river Oder (D/PL) trying to cross the border FFM/ND/Uckermark-Kurier/ZAG

23/04/96 1 N.N. unknown drowned, trying to cross the border, body found in the river Neisse near Frankfurt (D) Bt-Drucksache in Apr 96 1 N.N. Romania stowaway, thrown overboard ship by sailor on way from Algecircas (E) to Canada MNS

22/03/96 1 Abdellah E.K. Morocco drowned near Barbate (E) after jumping overboard fearing police control SOS/Egin

22/03/96 1 N.N. Morocco drowned near Barbate (E) after jumping overboard fearing police control SOS/Egin

16/03/96 1 Ibrahima Sey (29) Gambia died after attack by CS-spray whilst handcuffed at police station London (GB) MNS/NCRM

15/03/96 1 N.N. Iraq drowned after jumping from a cargo ship near Hamburg (D) Jelpke/JW

15/03/96 1 Noorjahan Begum (35, woman) Bangladesh fell to death from balcony of her home trying to flee from immigration officers (GB) NCADC/IRR

12/03/96 2 N.N. Romania stowaways, ordered overboard into make-shift raft on way from Spain to Canada MNS

11/03/96 1 N.N. Albania drowned while trying to cross the Straits of Otranto ILM

02/03/96 1 N.N. Sudan died while trying to evade port officials in Melilla (E/MA) Diario de Noticias/IRR

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 31

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

29/02/96 4 N.N. Liberia drowned, forced to jump from Maltesian ship at Gran Canaria (E) Egin

22/02/96 1 Jean-Baptiste Malan (33, man) Ivory Coast suicide in Murrhardt (D) fearing deportation on the same day taz/Morgengr./jW/ZAG

26/01/96 1 N.N. (19) Algeria suicide, set fire to his bed, being kept in detention centre Bergen (N) longer than allowed Samora/Svenska Dagbladet/Statewatch

25/01/96 1 Enver Bolut (45) Kurdistan suicide in Delmenhorst (D) fearing deportation taz/Morgengr./ARI /ZAG

23/01/96 1 Thavalojan Kandasamy Sri Lanka suicide in detention centre/police prison Linz (A) fearing deportation Der Standard/SOS Mitm./Asylkoord.

22/01/96 1 Mohammed Chetef Nigeria suicide in Norway, being held 9 months by police doubting his identity CARF

18/01/96 1 Christelle Makodila Nsimba (6) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Christine Makodila (19, woman) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Françoise Makodila Landu (27,w) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Jean-Daniel Makodila Kosi (1) Zaire/Germany died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Legrand Makodila Mbongo (4) Zaire/Germany died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Miya Makodila (12) Zaire died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Monica Maiamba Bungo (27, w) Angola died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Nsuzana Bunga (6, girl) Angola died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Rabia el Omari (17, man) Libanon died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

18/01/96 1 Sylvio Bruno C. Amossou (27,m) Togo died in arson attack against refugee hostel in Lübeck (D) IRR/Independent/BAIN news/ZAG

17/01/96 1 Igor Horvat Bosnia suicide, found hanged in Den Bosch prison (NL) Dk

14/01/96 1 Peter Q. Ghana died after 3 months coma following a police interrogation in Antwerp (B) Chris de Stoop

11/01/96 3 N.N. (1 woman; 2 minors) Iraq drowned after being thrown out of a Turkish boat near Island Kos (GR) Ta Nea/MNS

09/01/96 1 N.N. India died while trying to enter Lithuania MNS

03/01/96 1 A Yhan (man) Kurdistan suicide, hanged himself after refusal of asylum application in France IRR/Libération in Jan 96 1 N.N. Albania drowned near Valona (I) when small boat had problems in bad weather IRR/ILM

28/12/95 2 N.N. Africa stowaways found dead when the boat reached the port of Antwerp (B) MNS/Le Soir/CRIDA report

17/12/95 1 Naen Akram (24, man) Pakistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zels-Bahren LausitzerR/TS/ND/FFM/LRBrand/ZAG

15/12/95 2 N.N. Benin stowaways died when they fell into the hold of the ship in Senegal Le Soir/MNS

13/12/95 1 Necmettin T. (17, man) Kurdistan suicide, set himself on fire in Hamburg (D), his application for asylum was rejected ZAG

01/12/95 2 N.N. Albania drowned after boat capsized near Otranto (I)VK/IRR/ILM/CDS/FECL/TL

01/12/95 17 N.N. Albania missing after boat capsized near Otranto (I) VK/IRR/ILM/CDS/FECL

30/11/95 19 N.N. Albania drowned after dinghy sank off the Italian coast in Channel of Otranto (I) TL

19/11/95 1 N.N. Zaire died after jumping from an appartment building to avoid arrest by aliens police (NL) Trouw/MNS

16/11/95 1 N.N. (24, man) Algeria suicide, hanged himself in prison Dresden (D) fearing deportation a week later BT-Drucksache/ZAG

09/11/95 1 Masut Iqubal (24, man) Pakistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Podrosche FFM/ZAG

08/11/95 1 N.N. New Zealand died falling from a ferry in Harwich (GB) after immigration was refused The Standard/IRR

05/11/95 1 Esser F. (35, man) unknown suicide, hanged himself in prison Holstenglacis/Hamburg (D) for fear of deportation ARI/ZAG

in Nov 95 1 Garim Fokassian Armenia suicide after refusal of asylum in Wien (A) Asylkoordination Österreich

28/10/95 1 Djemal Flissa Algeria died from weakness after hunger strike and being deported (GB) CARF/IRR

25/10/95 2 N.N. Africa one drowned, one disappeared near Gibraltar, when small boat capsized EP

25/10/95 1 N.N. (16, boy) Bangladesh mortally hit by car in Regensburg (D), abandoned by smugglers at night ZAG

24/10/95 1 N.N. Africa drowned in the canal of Saint-Denis (F) when fleeing from police check Le Monde/MNS

22/10/95 1 Bayeh Arefayne (19, man) Ethiopia suicide, set himself on fire after asylum application was rejected (GB) CARF/NCRM/IRR

07/10/95 1 N.N. Morocco fell to death when trying to escape from detention centre in Paris Le Monde/MNS

06/10/95 1 Solomon Mersha Mergia (32, m) Ethiopia committed suicide by drowning himself in Rhein-Main-Donau Kanal (D) IMEDANA/ZAG

in Oct 95 4 N.N. Pakistan drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zels-Bahnren LausitzerR/TS/ND/FFM/LRBrand.

in Oct 95 2 N.N. (men) Iran asylum seekers deported from Turkey, killed after arriving in Iran TAZ

24/09/95 1 N.N. (man) Africa drowned near Ceuta (E/MA) to where he tried to flee El Pueblo de Ceuta

19/09/95 3 N.N. unknown drowned after jumping from ship, body found in the gulf of La Spezia (I) Giuliano News Chronicle/ANSA

13/09/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Brieskow-Frinkenheerd FFM/ZAG

13/09/95 4 N.N. Pakistan killed in a minefield in Kastanea (GR) near Turkish border ANA

11/09/95 3 N.N. Albania drowned, dinghy caught fire and capsized in Strait of Otranto (I) VK/taz/CDS/FECL/TL

11/09/95 12 N.N. Albania reportedly drowned, dinghy caught fire and capsized in Strait of Otranto (I) CDS/FECL/TL

29/08/95 2 N.N. Ghana/Chad died in arson attack in Ulm (D) ZAG

25/08/95 1 Muttavel Vasananthan (25, man) Sri Lanka suicide, hanged himself in Norwich prison (GB), was a Tamil asylum-seeker CARF/IRR/Searchlight

25/08/95 1 N.N. (60, man) Poland suicide, hanged himself in deportation centre in Frankfurt/Main (D) taz/ZAG

22/08/95 1 N.N. (21, man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself in deportation centre in Frankfurt/Main (D) taz/ZAG

20/08/95 1 Todor Bogdanovic (8, boy) Yugoslavia Roma shot by French police when entering from Italy on a mountain way Reu/AP/AFP/Vk/Statewatch/IHFHR

16/08/95 1 Selliah Jeyakularajah (35, man) Sri Lanka suicide, mentally ill because of bad circumstances in refugee centre Ochsenhof (D) ZAG

16/08/95 1 Louis I. (29, man) Nigeria suicide, hanged himself in detention centre Wolfenbüttel (D) fearing deportation TAZ/Morgengr./SZ/Pro asyl/ZAG

10/08/95 1 Djouabi Azzeddine Algeria drowned near Angulo (E) or murdered while trying to escape deportation El Pueblo de Ceuta

26/07/95 1 N.N. (36, man) Bosnia suicide, jumped from a window of his accomodation on the 6th floor in Berlin (D) Berliner Zeitung/ZAG

20/07/95 1 N.N. (man) Morocco found dehydrated in Castres (F) in a Spanish vehicle coming from Tanger Libération/MNS

17/07/95 1 Abdullah A. (man) Afghanistan found strangled in refugee centre Trausnitzstr. in München (D), reportedly suicide ZAG

15/07/95 1 Chandima Endirisinghe Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Chinteka Silva Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Haridar Kuman Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Jaya Kumar F. Pulle Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Manoj Arizrathan Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Ormandas Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Pradeepan Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Prince Fernando Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Raja Dhama Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Rames Sobramanium Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Rilwan Abdul Salam Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Sitrambalam V. Murthy Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Siwa Loganathan Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Sumanasena Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Tennekoon Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Tusara Fernando Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Ukkuwa Malkanthi Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary)Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

15/07/95 1 Vasu Sri Lanka suffocated in a sealed trailer in Györ (Hungary) Reu/AP/DAZ/Budapestsun/ZAG

14/07/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Eisenhüttenstadt FFM/ZAG

08/07/95 1 N.N. (woman) Peru killed by train in Menton (French Alpes) walking on the railway to Italy Libération/MNS in Jul 95 1 Habib Hammouda Tunisia died after racist attack ignored by staff of the hospital in Ragusa (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight in Jul 95 1 Mohamed Bezgour Morocco drowned after being thrown overboard by smugglers in Marbella (E) ELM/EP/IRR

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 32

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

in Jul 95 2 N.N. Morocco drowned when the boat capsized near Tarifa (E) ELM/EP/IRR

26/06/95 1 Celal Akan (36, man) Kurdistan died by liver disorder in Celle (D) after refusal of operation costs taz/DPA/MNS/ZAG

22/06/95 1 Eisam Chandin (9) Lebanon died from smoke poisoning after arson attack on refugee home in Bochum (D) ARI

17/06/95 1 Dalb Abad Iraq stowaway, reportedly drowned (E) after being forced to leave a Cypriot ship CEAR/Spanish authorities

17/06/95 1 Majar Abrahem Iraq stowaway, reportedly drowned (E) after being forced to leave a Cypriot ship CEAR/Spanish authorities

17/06/95 1 Vo Xuan Cuong (38, man) Vietnam driven to death by police hounding against black marketeers in Berlin jW/BeZe/Was geht ab?/ZAG

14/06/95 1 Suppiah Selvarajah (man) Sri Lanka suffocated when the waste container he was living in caught fire in Madrid (E) Egin/Diario Vasco

13/06/95 1 Moses Ganaja (30, man) Sudan suicide, hanged himself in the deportation centre in Halle (D) Pro Asyl/ZAG

11/06/95 1 Kondeca Dealmeda (30, man) Zaire (Mapasi Jeancy) suicide, hanged himself for fear of deportation in det. c. Volkstedt (D) FR-SA/ADN/DPA/Pro asyl/ZAG

07/06/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in the river Neisse (D/PL) near Lodenau FFM/ZAG 03/06/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Brieskow-Frinkenheerd FFM/ZAG

in Jun 95 1 Khalid Moufaghid Morocco drowned in the river in Murazzi (I) after being beaten up by club bouncers CARF/IRR/Searchlight

in Jun 95 1 Mrs. Rostas Romania drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) Aktion Zuflucht/ZAG

in Jun 95 1 N.N. (minor) unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL)as it’s mother tried to cross the river and tied it onto her waist ZDF/ZAG

27/05/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Hohenwutzen FFM/ZAG

19/05/95 1 Jaswant Singh (33, man) India suicide, hanged himself for fear of deportation in Regensburg (D) ESG/Pro Asyl/taz/SZ/BT-Drucks./IMEDANA/ZAG

09/05/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz FFM/LRBrand/ZAG

in May 95 1 N.N. (baby) Zaire died in labour when doctor refused help at first aid station near Caserta (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight 01/05/95 1 Brahim Bouraam Morocco drowned in Seine after being caught by skinheads in a FN rally (F) CARF/IRR/Searchlight

30/04/95 1 N.N. unknown drowned in river Oder (D/PL) near Aurith FFM/ZAG

28/04/95 1 N.N. unknown found dead at the Swiss mountain Monte Capriano (CH) TA/Arbeitsstelle für Asylfr.

17/04/95 1 Ahmed Polap (23, man) Kurdistan suicide by jumping under train, fearing deportation in München (D) ESG/ARI/SZ/IMEDANA/ZAG

17/04/95 1 N.N. Iran suicide in asylum centre Haarlem (NL) Parool/MNS

08/04/95 1 Kassimou-Djibril Ouro-D.T. (27) Togo suicide, hanged himself with a blanket in fear of deportation in a prison in Hamburg (D) taz/Hamburger Abendblatt/ZAG

29/03/95 1 N.N. Albania shot dead by Greece border control when entering from Albania Trouw

28/03/95 2 N.N. (men) unknown stowaways, bodies found in a Romanian ship in seaport Amsterdam (NL) VK

20/03/95 1 N.N. Morocco drowned, after jumping into water after being discovered by Spanish police SOS

12/03/95 1 EL Kadaoui (22) Morocco suicide, waiting for deportation in a youth prison in Wiesbaden (D) taz/JW/FR/Konkret/pro asyl/ZAG

09/03/95 1 N.N. Ivory Coast drowned stowaway in Le Havre (F), being sent back by French police Libération

07/03/95 1 N.N. unknown suffocated stowaway in Valencia (E), found on ship from Ivory Coast EP/Egin/Diario/Statewatch

06/03/95 1 Liberia unknown suffocated stowaway in Valencia (E), body found on ship from Ivory Coast EP/Egin/Diario/Statewatch 06/03/95 1 N.N. unknown suffocated stowaway in Valencia (E), body found on ship from Ivory Coast EP/Egin/Diario/Statewatch in Mar 95 1 N.N. (baby) unknown died after doctors refused free help at the hospital near Rome (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight

26/02/95 1 Abiyou Tilaye (37, man) Ethiopia suicide in detention centre Würzburg (D) taz/SZ/AN/ESG/ProAsyl/ZAG

26/02/95 1 N.N. Albania shot by a policeman near Florina (GR) when 11 Albanians were arrested Libération/MNS

13/02/95 1 Bat Bold Mongolia died in detention centre Carlslund (S) after refusal of medical first aid FARR

10/02/95 1 N.N. Gambia asylum-seeker stabbed to death in Hamburg-Bremen train (D) CARF/IRR/Searchlight

09/02/95 1 Yohannes Alemu (27, man) Ethiopia suicide, jumped in Donau river for fear of deportation in Regensburg (D) Morgengr./AN/ESG/ZAG

02/02/95 1 Sammy Nelson (26, man) Liberia beaten to death by police during blitz operation in container camp in München (D) Was geht ab?/IRR/ZAG in Feb 95 1 Valentina Featherstone Latvia suicide fearing the deportation of her mother in County Durham (GB) Independent/NCRM/IRR in Feb 95 1 Zinaida Mitzofanova Latvia suicide fearing deportation in County Durham (GB) Independent/NCRM/IRR

21/01/95 1 Kazim Kustul (23, male) Turkey frozen to death in Rehefeld/Erzgebirge (D) on his flight via Czechia to Germany Infobrief ASYL /GSA Pirna/ZAG/PrivateSource/LaDep

20/01/95 1 Amar M. Tair (26, man) Algeria suicide, hanged in det. cen. in Wittlich (D) after interview with DZ Consulate 2 days before JW/Was geht ab?/Morgengr./ProAsyl/ZAG

17/01/95 2 N.N. (men) Ghana stowaways, found poisoned by pesticides in a cargo ship in St. Malo (F) CARF/MNS

in Jan 95 1 Gnanasegaram Selvarajah Sri Lanka died after racist attack ignored by staff of the hospital in Palermo (I) CARF/IRR/Searchlight in Jan 95 1 N.N. Algeria asylum-seeker, psychiatric patient, beaten to death in Amersfoort (NL) CARF/IRR/Searchlight

15/01/95 1 Papie Mukuna Zaire suicide, fearing deportation in asylum centre Den Helder (NL) PRIME

08/01/95 3 N.N. (children) Serbia died in a fire caused by arson attack in refugee centre in Mellendorf near Hannover (D) GuardianUn/taz/ARI/ZAG

08/01/95 1 N.N. (27, woman) Serbia died in a fire caused by arson attack in refugee centre in Mellendorf near Hannover (D) GuardianUn/taz/ARI/ZAG

04/01/95 2 N.N. (2, 4, girls) Kosovo died in a fire in a refugee centre in Zell im Wiesental (D) Konkret/ZAG

01/01/95 1 Akim Mama (man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself awaiting deportation in police headquarter in Paris (F) CARF/IRR/Searchlight in 1995 1 Mathias Zohere (man) Ivory Coast suicide, hanged himself in Ivory Coast prison, after asylum claim was rejected in Germany ZAG

28/12/94 1 M.D.D. (woman) Dominican Republic suicide fearing expulsion in Bilbao (E) Egin

23/12/94 1 Mamoudu (27) Guinea stowaway, body found locked in a cabin on ship in Santurtzi (E), traveled RUS/D/B Egin

16/12/94 1 Shiji Lapite Nigeria suffocated by a neck lock during his arrest by London policemen (GB) Independent/MNS/Searchlight/1990/NCRM

16/12/94 1 N.N. unknown died on one of three rubber rafts with 63 refugees in Baltic sea, near Gotland (S) FECL

in Dec 94 1 N.N. Iraq died on a refugee boat with 62 refugees to Gotland (S) MNS

01/12/94 1 Jeyakumar R. Sri Lanka suicide in St. Gallen (CH) in fear of deportation Arbeitsst. Asylfragen/TA

29/11/94 4 N.N. Algeria stowaways, drowned after jump into the Seine (F) when discovered Le Monde/MNS/de Stoop

17/11/94 9 N.N. Rwanda drowned when two Turkish boats carrying them sank near Pserimos (GR) Ta Nea in Nov 94 1 Moussa Touibregueba Algeria presumed dead, disappeared after being deported from Frankfurt (D) to Algeria ARI

26/10/94 1 N.N. Albania drowned after capsizing of boat with 17 refugees in the Adriatic Sea MNS

23/10/94 1 Joseph Nnalue (31) Nigeria died falling from 4th floor in London (GB) during immigration control raid GuardianUn./IRR/MNS/Indep./CARF/NCADC/NCRM

18/10/94 2 N.N. (babies) Kurdistan found dead near Cesine-Otranto (I) after shipwreck TL

16/10/94 1 Abdullah J. (35, man) Morocco suicide, hanged himself with tshirt in prison in Ludwigsburg (D) in fear of deportation Pro Asyl/SZ/ZAG

12/10/94 2 N.N. (women) Albania drowned after capsizing of 2 boats in the Channel of Otranto (I) MNS/FECL/TL

12/10/94 10 N.N. Albania missing after sinking of 2 boats in the Channel of Otranto (I) MNS/FECL/TL

12/10/94 1 N.N. (minor) Albania reportedly drowned after boat capsized in the Channel of Otranto (I) TL

06/10/94 1 N.N. (man) Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Gross-Gastrose ARI /ZAG

01/10/94 2 N.N. Morocco drowned in the Mediterranean Sea before reaching Pantelleria (Italy) ILM/IRR 30/09/94 2 N.N. Morocco missed, after capsizing of boat with 30 refugees near Pantelleria (I) MNS

28/09/94 1 Romni Bukurjie Haliti (23, w) Kosovo Roma, died in a fire caused by arson attack in a refugee camp in Herford (D) taz/Jelpke/CARF/ZDF/ARD/Berliner Ztg. 28/09/94 1 Navgim Haliti (11, boy) Kosovo Roma, died in a fire caused by arson attack in a refugee camp in Herford (D) taz/Jelpke/CARF/ZDF/ARD/Berliner Ztg.

27/09/94 2 N.N. (±70, man; woman) Bosnia fell to death during trip to reach their daughter in mountains in Bayerischzell/Alpes (D) ZDF/BGS/German Government/ZAG

04/09/94 1 Lampo. Kanapathippillai Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near ZasiekiARI/Morgengr./ZAG

04/09/94 1 Mosses Raian Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near ZasiekiARI/Morgengr./ZAG

04/09/94 1 Pava Sathiarathi Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG

04/09/94 1 Sellaiah Subathira Sri Lanka missing, reportedly drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG

04/09/94 1 Sutharsan Kanthasamy Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG

04/09/94 1 Thevek Pathmanathan Sri Lanka missing, reportedly drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ARI/Morgengr./ZAG

04/09/94 1 Alosies Jeyaratnam Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near ZasiekiARI/Morgengr./ZAG

04/09/94 1 Arunagiri Rasaiah Sri Lanka drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zasieki ZAG

30/08/94 1 Kola Bankole (30, man) Nigeria died during deportation trip from D to Nigeria after he was bundled up and then sedated taz/pro asyl/IRR/Statewatch/NCADC/VRF/ZAG

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 33

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

25/08/94 1 N.N. (man) Nepal drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near ForstARI/BGS/ZAG

23/08/94 1 N.N. (man) Algeria drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near GubenARI/BGS

22/08/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben ARI/BGS/ZAG

21/08/94 2 N.N. (minors) Kosovo froze to death near Swedish refugee camp, after police refused efficient search Svenska Dagbladet/MNS

13/08/94 1 N.N. (20, man) Morocco reaching Antwerpen (B) as stowaway, drowned while trying to escape Le Soir/MNS in Aug 94 1 N.N. Bosnia suicide in Gelsenkirchen (D) after refusal of his move to his relatives ZAG

25/07/94 1 N.N. (man) Croatia suicide, in police station in Bayern (D) 2 days before the planned deportation Jelpke/ZAG

25/07/94 1 J.K. (man) Yugoslavia suicide, hanged himself in the hospital of Wasselburg am Inn in Germany ZAG

18/07/94 1 Mohamed F. B. (14, boy) Morocco drowned, after falling into the water while climbing a ship to Spain Transmed.-Line Egin

09/07/94 1 Gabriel Juliao Mavonda (21, m) Angola suicide, jumped off a building scaffold for fear of deportation in Berlin (D) taz/ZAG

03/07/94 1 Sinathamby Mohanadas (26, m) Sri Lanka suicide, hanged himself in a wood for fear of deportation in Hattorf (D) taz/ProAsyl/ARI/Stern/ZAG

03/07/94 1 N.N. (man) Iran suicide, hanged himself in JVA Bützow in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (D) wib/FR Nie-Sa/ZAG

30/06/94 1 Halim Dener (17, man) Kurdistan murdered, was hanging ERNK posters when plainclothes policeman shot him in Hannover (D) ZAG

29/06/94 1 Moussa Daoudi (28, man) Algeria suicide, jumped out of the window in det. center in Homberg (D) after asylum was rejected ProAsyl/ARI/ZAG

29/06/94 1 N.N. (19, man) Kurdistan suicide, hanged himself in penal institution in Vechta (D) for fear of deportation KlaroFix/ZAG

22/06/94 1 Mohamed Badaoui (9) unknown died from smoke poisoning after arson attack on refugee centre in Bochum (D) ARI

15/06/94 1 N.N. (19, man) Romania shot in the head by policeman in Kyritz (D) ARI/ZAG

02/06/94 1 Zhou Zhe Gun (43, man) China suicide, strangled himself in det. centre Volkstedt (D) after asylum application was rejected ProAsyl/OL/CARF/ZAG in Jun 94 1 N.N. Macedonia tortured to death in Macedonia after his expulsion from the Netherlands AD/MNS

29/05/94 1 Kuldeep Singh (man) India killed by the Indian airport police in New Delhi 2 days after deportation from Germany ProAsyl/OL/ZAG

24/05/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Görlitz ARI/BGS/ZAG

09/05/94 1 N.N. (20, man) Algeria suicide, died of injuries after a fire in his cell in deportation prison in Dresden (D) ARI/Sächsisches Staatsministerium für Justiz

07/05/94 7 N.N. unknown drowned when small boat capsized near Malabate/Ceuta (E/MA) Diario Vasco

05/05/94 1 Owusu Mensa (26, man) Ghana suicide, hanged himself with towels in detention centre of Stadelheim in München(D) Pro Asyl/ESG/ZAG in May 94 1 N.N. Turkey threatened with deportation, found hanged in police station Hengelo/NL CARF

27/04/94 1 Kwanele Eldah Siziba (27, w) Zimbabwe fell to death in London (GB) on her flight from police fearing deportation IRR/MNS/Voice

25/04/94 1 N.N. (woman) Romania drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Rothenburg trying to cross the border ARI/BGS/ZAG 20/04/94 1 N.N. (40, man) Albania died in fire caused by arson attack in refugee centre Gieboldehausen (D) Konkret/ZAG in Apr 94 1 N.N. Angola died jumping from a train near Cierne nad Tisou (SK) during deportation UNHCR

in Apr 94 1 N.N. Africa/Ghana stowaway beaten to death and thrown overboard by Danish crew near Ghana MNS/Libération/Le Nouveau Quotidien

22/03/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Guben ARI/BGS/ZAG

16/03/94 1 N.N. (22, man) Kosovo shot in his head by police near Bad Endorf (D) after chasing his car, he was asylum seeker taz/CARF/IRR/ZAG

12/03/94 1 Jasminka (11, girl) Bosnia died after arson attack against her Roma family on refugee centre in Humboldt-Gremberg (D) ARI/ZAG

11/03/94 1 N.N. (man) unknown drowned in river Neisse (D/PL) near Zittau ARI/BGS/ZAG

25/02/94 1 N.N. (18, man) Romania shot in his back by policeman near Trebnitz (D) during car inspection ARI/ZAG

07/02/94 1 Raina Jovanovic (61, woman) Bosnia died after arson attack against her Roma family on refugee centre in Humboldt-Gremberg (D) ARI/ZAG in Feb 94 5 N.N. Kurdistan missing, reportedly drowned in the Mediterranean Sea before reaching Italy ILM/IRR

01/02/94 1 N.N. (man) Zaire stowaway, drowned, thrown overboard by the crew of a German cargo ship OL/ZAG

31/01/94 1 Okwudiliri Collins Nigeria stowaway, died ‘falling’ from the Russian ship ‘Sovetstivk Hudozhuik’ near Tanger (MA) Diario Vasco

27/01/94 1 Son Ha Hoang (25, man) Vietnam suicide in München-Ramersdorf (D) set himself on fire after his asylum claim was rejected IRR/CARF/ESG/SP/FR-NRW/ProAsyl/ZAG

in Jan 94 4 N.N. Romania stowaways, suffocated in container in Felixstowe (GB) de Stoop/IRR in Jan 94 1 N.N. Syria suicide in hospital (Norway) after waiting 2 years for asylum decision CARF

in 1994 1 N.N. (baby) Kurdistan run over by a car in the dark after having reached the Italian beach Il Manifesto/IRR Race Audit

in 1994 2 N.N. Romania drowned when trying to escape detention centre Fort Walem (B) de Stoop

in 1994 1 Lejla Ibrahimovic (woman) Bosnia suicide after refusal from British Home Office to give a visa to her husband GuardianUn./Statewatch/IRR in 1994 1 N.N. Romania smashed by trash collector when hidden in container in Niesky (D) Spiegel/Offene Grenzen-Offene Menschen/SZ

in 1994 4 N.N. unknown drowned in Danube near Hungarian-Austrian border ZDF/Hungarian authorities

in 1994 2 N.N. Rwanda drowned stowaways, thrown overboard by Dutch ship captain on the way to Greece Eleftherotipra/MNS in 1994 1 N.N. Peru suicide during border police arrest by jumping out of train near Freiburg (D) on way to Basel ZAG in 1994 1 N.N. unknown suicide for fear of detention in Türingen (D) ZAG

25/12/93 1 Emanuel Thomas Tout (23, man) Sudan died because of injuries from suicide attempt in detention centre Herne (D) ProAsyl/taz/SP/WIB/FR-NRW/ZAG

25/12/93 1 N.N. (man) Turkey died due arson attack on refugee center in Kaltenkirchen (D) CARF/ZAG

11/12/93 1 Ignace Mabassa Gabon died lacking medical care in prison for ‘illegals’ Bois-d’Arcy (F) Libération

08/12/93 1 Emmanuel Ehi O. Omah (23,m) Liberia suicide, hanged himself in detention centre Regensburg (D) for fear of deportation ESG/OL/CARF/ProAsyl/ZAG in Dec 93 1 N.N. Yugoslavia suicide by jumping into the sea at detention centre Hellevoetsluis (NL) CARF

23/11/93 1 Haydar Kaya Turkey reportedly dead, missing after being deported from München (D) to Turkey, kurd origin ARI

12/11/93 1 N.N. (2, boy) Yugoslavia dies of fume poisoning after fire in asylum seeker centre in Bad Waldsee (D) ARI/ZAG

10/11/93 1 Mihail Bunja (23, man) Romania frozen to death after jumped out train in Schwandorf (D) escaping control and deportation IMEDANA/OL/ZAG

25/10/93 1 N.N. (man) Ethiopia suicide for fear of deportation in Diedersdorf near Bremen (D) Diakonie Seelow/Büro für Asylfragen/ZAG

15/10/93 1 Massivi Daniel Lopez (27, man) Angola suicide, hanged himself in detention centre in Trier (D) ProAsyl/OL/ZAG in Oct 93 1 N.N. Kurdistan deportation from Switzerland, murdered by militiamen in Kurdistan Caritas/DAZ

10/09/93 1 N.N. (man) Macedonia drowned in Rhine while trying to cross the border from Austria to Switzerland TA/OAZ

02/09/93 2 N.N. (man, woman) unknown jumped out of window to escape fire in asylumseekers centre in Biberach (D) ZAG in Sep 93 1 N.N. Zaire drowned in river Seine (F) on his flight from police / residence check CARF

15/08/93 1 N.N. Angola drowned in a river in Paris trying to avoid a police identity check MNS

09/08/93 1 N.N. (2) Libanon died in fire, caused by overheating of bedroom in a refugee centre in Emsteck (D) ZAG

01/08/93 1 Joy Gardner (40, woman) Jamaica died of brain damage after struggle with immigration/deportat. officials in London/GB IRR/MNS/Times/Independent/Statewatch/NCADC/BBC

23/07/93 1 Nazmieh Chahrour (23, woman) Palestine suicide in prison in Berlin (D) after being told she would be deported CARF/AR InfoNetw/taz/ZAG

17/06/93 1 Abdi Atalan (41, man) Kurdistan shot by Nazis in front of a refugee hostel in Dülmen (D) CARF/Konkret/ZAG

10/06/93 1 N.N. (man) Mozambique injured during a fire in the refugee centre he lived at in Dresden (D), died the next day ZAG

26/05/93 1 N.N. (1) Eritrea died in suspected fascist arson attack in Heppenheim in Hessen (D) CARF/ZAG

26/05/93 1 N.N. (2) Eritrea died in suspected fascist arson attack in Heppenheim (D) CARF/ZAG

26/05/93 1 N.N. (4) Eritrea died in suspected fascist arson attack in Heppenheim (D) CARF/ZAG

06/05/93 1 Miroslawa Kolodziejska (59, w) Poland suffocated by border police at Frankfurt/Main (D) airport with some cloths Wib/FR-NieSa/FR/ProAsyl/ZAG

01/05/93 1 Yilma Wondwossen B. (31, man) Ethiopia suicide, drowned Teltowkanal’s Berlin (D) after rejection of asylum application taz/ProAsyl/ZAG

23/04/93 1 N.N. (25, man) Senegal asylum-seeker was found hanged in a police cell in Eislingen (D) for fear of deportation IRR/CARF/ZAG

07/04/93 1 N.N. Zaire shot at point blank range during interrogation in police station in Paris (F) Le Monde/MNS

01/04/93 2 N.N. (28, 35) Albania killed by train in Balerna (Swiss Alpes) walking on the railway to CH TA/NZZ

23/03/93 1 N.N. (27, man) Afghanistan suicide, jumped out of window of refugee centre (D) ARI

20/03/93 1 N.N. (22) Albania killed by train in Coldrerio (Swiss Alpes) walking on the railway to CH TA/DAZ/NZZ

16/03/93 1 Turan Pekoz (43, man) Turkey suicide by setting fire to himself at Immigration Office Croydon (GB) IRR

03/03/93 1 N.N. (man) Turkey committed suicide in penal institution Dinslaken (D) WIB/FR-NieSa/ZAG

26/01/93 1 Bush Bacuma Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A) Asylkoordination Austria/SP

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 34

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

found dead

number

name country of origin cause of death source

26/01/93 2 N.N. Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A)Asylkoordination Austria/SP

26/01/93 1 Pieris Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A)Asylkoordination Austria/SP

26/01/93 1 Wasantha di Barrova Sri Lanka suffocated in bus compartment near Wien (A) Asylkoordination Austria/SP

22/01/93 1 Lorin Radu (21) Romania shot in front of the police station of Stassfurt in Sachsen-Anhalt (D) when tried to escape taz/Konkret/jW/ZAG

20/01/93 1 Robert Karandja-Kouria (39) Kenia suicide, jumped in front of metro in München (D) asylum application was rejected ARI/ZAG

04/01/93 1 Kwaku Agyei (man) Ghana suicide in Moosach near München (D) after being told he was to be deported IRR/CARF/ESG/ZAG in 1993 1 Jaffarzadeh Iran died after deportation from Austria in the Evin-prison in Teheran Asylkoordination Austria in 1993 3 N.N. unknown drowned in the river Oder/Neisse (D/PL) trying to cross the border Jelpke/Interior Ministry Germany in 1993 1 N.N. Yugoslavia body found at the border Germany/Austria/Czech Rep. Jelpke/Interior Ministry Germany

in 1993 1 Kimpua Nsimba Zaire suicide, found hanged at Harmondsworth detention centre (GB) 5 days after arrival CARF

01/01/93 1 Gerry Johnson Liberia died of exhaustion/exposure, found in rail container in Feldkirch (A) Neue Vorarlberger Tageszeit.

01/01/93 11 N.N. Albania drowned after their boat hit a cliff in the Channel of Otranto (South Adriatic) CDS/MNS/TL

01/01/93 2 N.N. (25, man; 18, woman) Romania died because of an arson attack in a refugee camp in Baden-Wüttemberg (D) ZAG

TOTAL

17306

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 1

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

Abbreviations

suicide Committed suicide

under train Jumped in front of a train jumped out Jumped out of ….

frozen Froze to dead

minefield Died in a minefield poisoned Poisoned him/herself hungerstrike Died of hungerstrike hanged Hanged him/herself starvation Died of starvation

plane Stowaway on plane

truck/car Stowaway in car or truck

boat Stowaway on boat train Stowaway in train

suffocated Died of suffocation

drowned Drowned

no medical treat Was refused medical help

trafficking Trafficking murdered Murdered

car accident Died in car accident arson attack Arson attack frontier police Frontier police police custody Death in police custody put on fire Set him/herself a fire deportation Died during deportation in detention Died in detention centre in prison Died in prison

asylum/refugee center Died in asylum/refugee center immigration police Killed by immigration police Crossing border Died trying to cross a border

self organised Self organised

stowaway Stowaway

Abbreviations Sources

Abbreviations Source

762 762-antifa, website (D)KISA KISA, NGO (CY)

18Des 18 Desembre Collective Klarofix Klarofix, Monthly Magazine in Leipzig (D), dissolved

20ME 20 minutes.es, Newspaper (E)KO Kurdish Observer , Newspaper (Kurdistan)

20Mf 20 minutes.fr, Newspaper (F)Konkret Konkret , Magazine (D)

24h 24 heures, online news (CH)KUNA Kuwait News Agency, News Agency (Kuwayt)

4wardUK 4wardever UK, website (GB) Kurdmedia Kurdish Media, Media (Kurdistan)

ABC ABC, Newspaper (E) Kurier Kurier, Media (A)

AC Autonoom Centrum, NGO (NL)KZ Kantonspolizei Zurich, Police Authority (CH)

Ach Achourouk, Newspaper (TN) L.B.CPT Libro Bianco, Inquest on Detention Centres (I)

ACN Agencia Canaria de Noticias, Canarian Press (E) La Libre Belgique La Libre Belgique, Newspaper (B)

AD Algemeen Dagblad, Newspaper (NL) LaDemo La Democracia

ADN Allgemeine Deutsche Nachrichten Agentur, News Agency (D) LaN La Nuova Sardegna, Newspaper (I) adn adn diario, Newspaper on line (E) LaNVenezia La Nuova Venezia e Mestre, Newspaper (I)

AdnE ADN Spain, Newspaper € LAR Luxembourg Against Racism, NGO (L) AdnK AdnKronos IGN, Press Agency (I) LaS Ladysilvia, Media (I) aduc Trouw, Newspaper (NL) LAT Los Angeles Times

ADUC Associazione per i diritti degli utenti e dei consumatori (I) LatinAHTribune Latin American Herald Tribune, News Online (GB)

AEDH Association Européenne pour la défense des Droits de l’Homme, NGO (F) LausitzerR Lausitzer Rundschau, Newspaper (D)

AFFIT Affari Italiani, newspaper on line (I) Le Courrier Le Courrier, Newspaper (CH)

AFP Agence France Press, News Agency (NL) Le Figaro Le Figaro, Newspaper (F)

Afr.Courier The African Courier, Magazine (Africa) Le Matin Le Matin, Newspaper (MA)

Africa-News African News, Online News (I) Le MatinDZ Le Matin DZ, Newspaper (DZ)

Afrik Afrik Le Monde Le Monde, Newspaper (F)

AFVIC Amis Familles des Victimes de l’Immigration Clandestine, NGO (Morocco) Le Nouveau Quotidien Le Nouveau Quotidien, Newspaper (F)

AG3F Antirassistische Gruppe für freies Fluten, NGO (D) Le Soir Le Soir, Editorial (B)

Age Agelioforos, Newspaper (GR) Le Soleil Le Soleil, Newspaper (SN)

AHDA Association for Human Rights and Democracy in Africa, NGO (A) Le Temps Le Temps, Newspaper (CH)

AI Amnesty International, NGO LEAP Ligali equality for African peolple

Aid Amnesty International Germany, NGO (D) Leedstoday Leedds Today, Newspaper (GB)

AIM Alternative Information Network, NGO (CH) Les Temps d’Algerie Les Temps d’Algerie, Newspaper (DZ)

AKIN Aktuelle Informationen, Magazine (A) LESP L’ espresso, Magazine (I)

Aktion Zuflucht Büro Antirassistischer Initiativen / Aktion Zuflucht, NGO (D) Libération Libération, Media (F)

AlgerieMonde Algerie-Monde Media (DZ)Liberazione Liberazione, Magazine (I)

Alicenews ALICE News, Media (I)Libero Libero News, online news (I) Aljazeera Aljazeera, Media, (Arabia) Libertaddigital Libertad Digital, Media (E) allAfrica allAfrica Global Media, Foundation (USA) Liga für Mr. Liga für Menschenrechrechte, NGO (D) AllWAfrica All West Africa, Online news (Africa) LOP La Opinion Coruna, Newspaper (E)

AmsStadsblad Amsterdams Stadsblad, Newspaper (NL) LPC LA Presse Canadienne, Newspaper (Canada)

AN Antifaschistische Nachrichten, Magazine (D) LR La Repubblica, Newspaper (I)

ANA Anarcotico, Network for Comunication (I) LRB La Republica Bari, Newspaper (I)

Ananova Ananova, Media (GB) LRBrand Landesregierung Brandenburg, Goverment (D)

Anarkismo Anarkismo.net, Media (EU) LRM La Repubblica Metropoli, Newspaper (I)

Anatolian The New Anatolian, Newsonline (Anatolia) LS La Sicilia, Newspaper (I)

AngolaPress Angola Press, National Agency (Angola) LSW LaSiciliaWeb, Online News (I)

ANSA Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata, Italian News Agency (I) LV La Vanguardia, Newspaper (E)

AOL America On Line news, News Online (USA) MAC Monsters and Crititcs, Online News (USA)

AP Associated Press Amsterdam, Media (NL) MadD Madrid Digital. Online News (E)

APDHA Asociacion Pro Derechos Humanos de Andalucia, NGO (E) MAG Magenta, NGO (NL)

Aps Agence de presse Senegalaise, News Agency Senegal Mail Online Daily Mail Online, Newspaper (GB)

ARCI Arci report, weekly magazine on line of ARCI Association (I) MainP Main-Post, Newspaper (D)

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 2

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

ARD Allgemeine Rundfunk Deutschlands online, Media (D) Malmoe Malmoe, NGO (A)

ARI Antirassistische Initiative Berlin (D) Malta Independent The Malta Independent, Newspaper (M)

ART Articolo 21, Media (I)Manchester Manchester Evening News, Newspaper (GB)

Artikel14 Artikel14, Magazine (S) Mareeg Mareeg, News Blog (Somalia)

ASCA Agenzia Stampa Quotidiana Nazionale, Italian News Agency (I) MAS Migrants At Sea, Blog (USA)

AsianT Asian Today, newspaper (GB) MB MoroccoBoard.com, Online News (MA)

ASKV Amsterdams Solidariteits Komitee Vluchtelingen / SV, NGO (NL) MC Marina Civil, Association (E)

ASSI Accion Social Sindical Internacionalista, News Online (E) MDR Mitteldeutscher rundfunk, Media (D)

Asyl in der Kirche Ökumenische Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Asyl in der Kirche – Berlin, NGO (D) Mediapart Mediapart, Online Newspaper (FR)

Asyl in Not Asyl in Not-Unterstützungkomitee politisch verfolgte Ausländer, NGO (A) MET Metro, Newspaper (I)

Asylkoordination Österreich Asylkoordination Österreich, NGO (A) METROF Metro (F)

AthensNewsAgency Athens News Agency, National Agency (GR) Metropolitan Police Metropolitan Police, Service Online (GB)

ATMF Association des Travailleurs Maghrébins de France, NGO (F) MGHR Mahatma Gandhi Human Rights Organisation, NGO (H)

Augen Auf Augen auf – Zivilcourage zeigen!, NGO (D) Miami Herald The Miami Herald, Newspaper (USA)

AugenAufCH Augen auf – Zivilcourage zeigen!, NGO (CH) Middleton Guardian Middleton Guardian, Newspaper (GB)

Aujourd’hui Aujourd’hui Le Maroc, Newspaper (MA) Migrant News December 18 Online Network / Rights of Migrants Workers, NGO (B)

AVUI AVUI, News Online (E) MigrantsOM MigrantsOutreMer, Media (F)

BAIN news Berlin Antiracist Information Network (D) Migreurop Migreurop, NGO (F)

BAZ Basler Zeitung, Newspaper (CH) Mirror The Mirror, Newspaper (GB)

BBC British Broadcasting Company, Media (GB) MLKO Martin Luther King Organisation, NGO (H)

BELT Belt Ibérica, Company for Social Security (E) MM Malta Media, Media (M)

Berliner Ztg Berliner Zeitung, Media (D) MNS Migration News Sheet, Magazine (GB)

Berria Berria, Newspaper (E) Monitor Monitor, News Online, Media (NL)

BGS Bundespolizei, Border Police (D)Morgengr. Morgengrauen – Antirassistische Zeitung, Magazine (D)

BIS Body, Identity, Space, NGO (GB) MornStar Morning Star – Newspaper (GB)

Bladi Bladi, news online (MA) Moscow Times The Moscow Times, Newspaper (RUS)

BLINK Black Information Link, National Organisation (GB) MOZ Märkische Oderzeitung, Newspaper (D)

Blitz Blitz Quotidiano, Online Newspaper (I) MP Melting Pot Europa, Project of Radio Melting Pot (I)

BM Bigotry Monitor, Newsletter (USA) MRAX Mouvement Contre Le Racisme, L’Antisèmitisme Et La Xénophobie, NGO (B)

Book:LosInvisiblesDeKolda Los Invisibles de Kolda, Jose’ Naranjo, (Editorial Peninsula, 2009) (E) MSN MSNBC.com, Online News

BorderlineEU Borderline-Europe, NGO (D) MT MoroccoTimes, Media (MA)

Borderzerolist Borderzerolist, Cultural Association (I)MUGAK Centro De Estudios y Documentación Sobre Racismo y Xenofobia, Archive (E)

Boston The Boston Globe, Newspaper (USA) Mumbaicentral Mumbai Central, Media (India)

BostonH Boston Herald, Newspaper (USA)Myjoyonline My Joy Online, Media (Ghana)

BRC British Refugee Council, NGO (GB)NA Never Again Association – Stowarzyszenie Nigdy Wiecej, NGO (PL)

BT-Drucksache BT-Drucksache, Government (D)NAN News Agency Nigeria, News Agency (Nigeria)

BTB Belfast to Brussels, Blog (GB)Nätverket mot rasism Network Against Racism – Nätverket Mot Rasism, NGO

Budapestsun Budapest Sun, Newspaper (H) NBF Nigerian Best Forum, Blog (Nigeria)

Bundesregierung Bundesregierung, Government Online (D) NBK Nederland Bekent Kleur, NGO (NL)

Bündner Tagblatt Bündner Tagblatt, Newspaper (CH) NCADC National Coaltion of Anti-Deportation Campaigns, NGO (GB)

CadSER CadenaSER, Media (E) NCAs News Central Asia, News Agency ( Turkmenistan)

Can7 Canarias7, Newspaper (E) NCRM National Civil Rights Movement, NGO (GB)

Canadian The Canadian Press, Newspaper (CA) ND Neues Deutschland, Newspaper (D)

CARF Campaign Against Racism & Fascism, NGO (GB) Nederlands Dagblad Nederlands Dagblad, Newspaper (NL)

Caritas Caritas International, NGO Nerja Nerja News, Online News (E)

CaucKnot Caucasian Knot, News Online (RUS) Neue Vorarlberger Tageszeit Neue Vorarlberger Tageszeit, Media (A)

CCLE Collectif Contre les Expulsions – Liège, NGO (B) News24 News24, Media (South Africa)

CDS Corriere della Sera, Newspaper (I) Newsaust News from Australia, Media (Australia)

Cesdop Centro Studi e Documentazione Provinciale sulle dipendenze e l’emarginazione (I)NewsD NewsDesk, Online News (S)

CF Casa free, Newspaper (MA) NI Nigeria Independent, Online News (Nigeria)

CGIL Confederaziione Generale Italiana del Lavoro NMNH Social Impact – Agency No Milk No Honey, NGO (A)

Chabacka Chabacka, network of NGOs/blog (MA) No Pasaran No Pasaran / Reflexes – Antifascist Magazine, NGO (F)

Clandestina Clandestina News, Group of Migrants and Refugees (GR) NOB No Border Center – International Network

ClandestinE Clandestinenglish, network and blog (GR) NoBordersNott No Borders Nottingham (GB)

CMau Courier Mail, news online (AU)NODO50 Contrainformación en Red, News Online

CMG Concerned Migrant Group (MA) NoHuman No Human is Illegal, blog (Iran)

CNN Cables News Network, Media (USA)Nopoliceraids No Police Raids, NGO (NL)

CNNit Cables News Network Italy, Media NOS Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NL)

COE Directorate General of Human Rights, Council of Europe Office (F) Nouvel Obs Nouvel Observateur, Media (F)

Congoo Congoo, Newspapr (USA)NR No Racism, Media/NGO (A)

Connect ConnectAfrica, news online NRC NRC-next, Media (NL)

CorAdriatico Corriere Adriatico, newspaper (I) NT Nigerian Tribune, Newspaper (Nigeria)

CPD C’est pour dire, Blog (F) NU Nu.nl, Online newspaper (NL)

CPH The Copenhagen Post, Media (DK)NW Neue Westfälische Zeitung, Newspaper (D)

CR Comite Rechtsherstel, NGO (NL) NYboat New York Boat Show, Online news (USA)

CRACPE Collectif de Resistance Aux Centres Pour Etranger, NGO (B) NYtimes The New York Times, Newspaper (USA)

CRIDA report Centre de Recherche et d’Information sur la Démocratie et l’Autonomie, Arachive (F)NZZ Neue Züricher Zeitung, Neuspaper (CH)

CRIDEM Convergence Répulicaine pour l’Instauration de la Democr. en Mauritanie (MA) OBV Operation Black Vote, NGO (GB)

CV Comite de Vigilance Aubervilliers, NGO (F) OCPM Obra Católica Portuguesa de Migrações, NGO (P)

CypMail Cyprus Mail, newspaper (CY)ODILI Odili.net, Media (Nigeria)

Dagens Nyheter Dagens Nyheter, Newspaper (S) ODP Observatorio de Prensa, Newspaper (E)

DAZ aaa CH Newspaper Odysseus Odysseus -Academic Network Legal Studies Immigration Asylum, NGO (B) De Gentenaar De Gentenaar, Newspaper (B)OL Off Limits – Antirassistische Zeitschrift, Magazine (D)

De Stoop Chris de Stoop, Journalist (NL) OMCT World Organisation Against Torture, World’s Coalition of NGOs, INGO (CH)

Deia Deia, Media (E) OpenGrenzen Open Grenzen – Frontières Ouvertes, NGO (B)

deleteTB Delete The Border, Global Network Online (USA) ORF Österreichischer Rundfunk – Minderheitenredaktion, Magazine (A)

demo Demo.e, Blog (NL) Osnabr.Zeit Osnabrücker Zeitung, Newspaper (D)

Demotix Demotix, online news (GB/International) PAIH Positive Action in Housing, NGO (GB)

Den Blanken Den Blanken, Photojournalist (NL) PAJOL Pajol , NGO (F)

DerBund Der Bund, Newspaper (CH)PANOR Panorama, Magazine (I) DerStandard Der Standard, Newspaper (A) Parool Het Parool, Newspaper (NL)

di-ve news di-ve.com, Editorial (M)patrasT patrasTimes, Newspaper (GR)

Diagonal Diagonal Periodico (E)Pax Christi Pax Christi International, Catholic Movement for Peace, INGO (B)

Diario Diario Madrid, Media (E) PerCat El Periodico de Cataluña, Newspaper (E)

Diario de Navarra Diario de Navarra, Media (E) Peterboroughtoday Peterboroughtoday, Newspaper (GB)

Diario de Noticias Diario de Noticias Navarra, Media (E) PICUM Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants, INGO (B)

DiarioRJ Diario Rojo y Negro, Newspaper of Trade Union Party (E) PlaZa Plaza Luxemburg, News Agency (L)

DiarioVasco El Diario Vasco, Media (E) PLi Planet Internet, Media (NL)

Die Bunte Die Bunten Zeitung, Magazine (A) Pogledi Pogledi, Media (Serbia)

DIR-Büro DIR-Büro (D) Polbe Bernese Police, Website of Bernese Police (CH)

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 3

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

Diversity Diversity is Chaos, blog (USA)PORTS Ports Muth Today, Newspaper (GB)

DM DeMorgen, Newspaper (B) PR Peace Reporter, Magazine on Line from Amnesty International and Missionary Service News Agency (I)

DN Daily News, Newspaper (USA) PR Prison Radio, NGO (USA)

DNA Diario de Noticias de Alava, Newspaper (E) Pravda Pravda, Newspaper (RUS)

DNG Diario de Noticias de Gipuzkoa, Newspaper(E) PrensaGrafica La Prensa Grafica, Newsonline (El Salvador)

DokAg Dokumentationsseite Ageeb, Website about a Death Case PrensaGrafica La Prensa Grafica, Newsonline (El Salvador)

Doorbraak Doorbraak, Online news (NL) PrensaLibre Prensa Libre, Newsonline (Guatemala)

DPA Deutsche Presse Agentur, Media, (D) Presse Die Presse, Newspaper (A)

DRARI Collective DRARI, blog/lawyers’ collective (DZ) Pressesp. Rassis. Pressespiegel Rassismus, Newspaper (CH)

DS Danderyds sjukhus, hospital (S) PresseTv Presse TV, Online News (Iran)

DVHN Dagblad van het Noorden, Media (NL) PRIME Participating Refugees in Multicultural Europe, NGO (NL)

DW Deutsche Welle Radio, Media (D) PRO PRO Radio, Broadcasting (I)

EADT24 EADT24, Suffolk & Essex online, News Online (GB) ProAsyl Pro Asyl – Bundesweite AG für Flüchtlinge, NGO (D)

EarthT Earth Times, News Online (USA) Proto Protothema, Newsonline (GR)

EB European Business, Media Provincias Las Provincias, Newspaper (E)

ECRE European Council on Refugees and Exiles – EU Office, NGO (B) PUB Público, Newspaper (P)

EFE EFE, News agency (E)Publico Público, Newspaper (E)

Egin Egin, Basque Media (E) QNE Qui Nord Est, Newsonline (I)

EHAR Ennahar Online, Online News (DZ) Querblick National Association of Young People in Care / Youth Parliament (GB)

Eindhovens Dagblad Eindhovens Dagblad, Newspaper (NL)quibla Quibla.net, News Online (F)

EIS Eberswalder Infosystem, Media (D) QUOTI le quotidien D’Oran

EITB24 Basque News and Information Channel, Media (E) Quotidiano Quotidiano, Newsonline (I)

El Pueblo de Ceuta El Pueblo de Ceuta, Newspaper (E) Radio Bayern 5 Bayerischer Rundfunk, Media (D)

ELC El Correo, News Online (E) RAI RAI, Italian National Public Service Broadcasting, Media (I)

ElDia El Dia, Newspaper (E)Rawstory The Raw Story, Media (USA)

ELM El Mundo, Newspaper (E) Raz La Razon, Newspaper (E)

Eltelegramma El Telegramma de Melilla, Newspaper (E) REF Ressau Education sans Frontieres, NGO (F)

ElW El Watan, Newspaper (DZ) RepublicR Republic Report New York, Online News (US)

Emeka Ist Emeka Ist Tot, Website about a Death Case Respons ReSpons Evenementen Monitor, Newsletter (NL)

ENAR European Network Against Racism, NGO (B) Reu Reuters News Agency, Media (NL)

EP El Paìs, Newspaper (E)RF Radio France, Radio (F)

EPD EPD, Newspaper (D) Rheinpfalz Rheinpfalz, Newspaper (D)

EpolisR E Polis Roma, Newspaper (I)RIS Ristretti, Documentation Centre (I)

EPP Eppendorfer, Newspaper (D)Rizo Rizospastis, Newspaper (GR)

EPress Europapress, News Agency (E) RO Roma One, Newspaper (I)

ERRC European Roma Rights Center , INGO (H) RochdaleObs The Rochdale Observer, Newspaper (GB)

ESG Protestant Student Movement – Evangelische Studenten Gemeinde, NGYO (D) Rom e.V. Rom e. V., NGO (D) essexchronicle This Is Essex, Newspaper (GB) Romandie Romandie News, online news service (F)

EUMC European Union Monitoring Centre Racism & Xenophobia, IGO Romnews The Romnews Society, Network Online (D)

Euronews Euronews, News (EU) Rosa Antifa Rosa Antifa Wien, NGO (A)

Europe1 Europe1, radio and online news (FR)RoterP Roter Pressespiegel (A)

Evening Gazette Evening Gazette, Newspaper (GB)RoundTown Round Town News, online Spanish news (GB)

Evening Standard Evening Standard, Newspaper (GB) RP Res Publica, Newspaper (D)

EveningTimes Evening Times, Newspaper Scotland (GB) RTE Radio One World – RTE Multi-Cultural Radio Service, Media (IRL)

EveryOne Group Group for International Cooperation on Human Rights Culture Rue89 Rue89, online news (F)

Exodus Exodus Network , NGO (S) Sachsisches Staatm Justiz Sachsisches Staatministerium für Justiz, Government (D)

EXP Expatica, International Web Information Service (NL) SAGA Südbadisches Aktionsbündnis gegen Abschiebungen, NGO (D)

Fabel van de Illegaal De Fabel van de Illegaal, NGO (NL)Salam Association Salam

FaiNoti Fai Notizia, online news source (I)Salzburger Nachrichten Salzburger Nachrichten, Newspaper (A)

Falter Falter, weekly magazine, Wien (A) Samora Samora, Magazine (N)

Faro El Faro, online news (E) SAP Sindacato Autonomo di Polizia, independent police trade union website (I)

FARR Flyktinggruppernas och Asylkommittéernas Riksråd, NGO (S) SBS Six Billion Stories, Newspaper (AU)

FE Fortress Europe, NGO (I) SC The Scotsman, Newspaper (GB)

FECL NE SCOT Scotland Today, Broadcasting (GB)

FFM Forschungsgesellschaft Flucht und Migration, NGO (D) SD SüdDeutsche Zeitung, Newspaper (D)

FIDH Fédération Internat des Ligues des Droits de l’Homme, INGO (B) Searchlight Searchlight – Education Trust/Publishing Services, Magazine (GB)

FIEI Federazione Italiana Emigrazione Immigrazione, Federation (I) Seneweb Seneweb News, online news (Senegal)

FMLN Fmlnminnesota, Blog (USA) Servir Servir, Magazine (I)

Focus Focus, Magazine (NL)SetDirecta Setmanari Directa, Newspaper (E)

FocusNews Focus, News agency (BG)SFH Schweizerische Fluchtlingshilfe, NGO (CH)

FORBES Forbes, Magazine (USA) SH Sociedad Hispavista, Media (E)

FR Frankfurter Rundschau, Newspaper (D) ShieldsG Shields Gazette, Newspaper (GB)

FR-B Flüchtlingsrat Bayern – Refugee Council, NGO (D) Skai Skai, Newspaper (GR)

FR-BB Flüchtlingsrat Brandenburg – Refugee Council, NGO (D) slovensko.com Slovensko, Guide to Slovakia (SK)

FR-Ber Flüchtlingsrat Berlin – Refugee Council, NGO (D) SM SundayMail, Media (GB)

FR-H Flüchtlingsrat Hamburg – Refugee Council, NGO (D) SmartG Smart Groups, Service For Group Comunication, dissolved

FR-NieSa Flüchtlingsrat Niedersachsen, Refugee Council, NGO (D) Socialist Worker Socialists Worker, Newspaper (GB)

FR-NRW Flüchtlingsrat Nordrhein Westfalen, Refugee Council, NGO (D) SoirInfo Soir Info, online news (Ivory Coast) FR-Th Flüchtlingsrat Thüringen, Refugee Council, NGO (D) Solidaire Solidaire, Media (B)

France24 France 24 International News, News Online Son Dakika Son Dakika, online news (TR)

Freie Press Freie Press, Media (D) SOS SOS Racismo – Madrid, NGO (E)

Freies Wort Freies Wort, Media (D) SOS-Menschenrechte SOS Menschenrechte, NGO (A)

FRO Radio FRO, Radio 105,0 MHZ, Linz (A) SP Der Spiegel, Newspaper (D)

Frontexplode Frontexplode, blog and campaign (GR) Spanish Authorities Spanish Authorities, Government (E) FTRC Federation des Tunisiens pour une Citoyenneté des deus Rives. NGO (F) Sparta Spartacist League/U.S. GARA Glasgow Anti Racist Alliance, Multi Agency (GB) Spits Spits, Newspaper (NL)

gara.net GARA, News Online (E) SSF Solidarite Sans Frontieres Gatti Fabrizio Gatti, Journalist (IT) ST Statewatch

Gaymengc Gay Men Gran Canaria, Media (E)STAMPA La Stampa, Newspaper (I)

GazzettaSud Gazzetta del Sud, Newspaper (I) Stern Stern, Magazine (D)

Gazzettino Il Gazzettino, Newspaper (I) StGallerTagblatt St. Galler Tagblatt, Newspaper (CH)

GDS Giornale di Sicilia, Newspaper (I) STR Stranieri in Italia, Magazine (I)

GdV Girodivite, News Online (I)Streatham StreathamGuardian, Newspaper (GB) German Government German Government, (D) StreetJ Street Journalist, online news (Iran)

GFP German foreign Policy, Web site (D) Stuff Stuff, Newspaper (NEW Zeland)

GHM Greek Helsinki Monitor / Minority Rights Group, NGO (GR) SudQ Sud Quotidien

GiovaniE Giovani Emissione / Youth Issues, Community group website (I) SunaT Sunatimes,

GiulianoNewsChronicle Giuliano Chronicle (I) SUR Diario Sur, Media (E)

GloDP Global Detention Project, research project (CH) Svenska Dagbladet Svenska Dagbladet, Newspaper (S) GLOPRO Global Project, Media (I) Sveriges Sveriges Radio, Radio (S)

01/11/12

Deaths are listed if they can be put down to «Fortress Europe»

(border militarisation, asylum laws, accommodation, detention policy, deportations, carrier sanctions…) page 4

List of 17306 documented refugee deaths through Fortress Europe

Documentation on 01-11-2012 by UNITED

UNITED for Intercultural Action, European network against nationalism, racism, fascism and in support of migrants and refugees

Postbus 413 NL-1000 AK Amsterdam phone +31-20-6834778, fax 31-20-6834582, [email protected], www.unitedagainstracism.org

Grand Paris Grand Paris, Newspaper (F) Swiss.ch Swiss Info, News Online (CH)

GRAPPE Groupe de Reflexion el d’Action pour une Politique Ecologique, NGO (B) SZ Süddeutsche Zeitung, Newspaper (D)

Grön Ungdom Green Youth – Grön Ungdom, NGYO (S) TA (CH)

GRP Grupo Payn, Travel Agency (Argentina) Ta Nea Ta NeaThe News, Media (GR)

GRR Rai Giornale Radio, radio station (I) Tagesanzeiger Tagesanzeiger, Newspaper (CH)

GuardianUn. The Observer Guardian Unlimited, Newspaper (GB) Tagesschau Aktuelle Nachrichten, Media (D)

GuidaS Guida Sicilia, News Online (I)Tagesspiegel Der Tagesspiegel, Newspaper (D)

Haaba Haaba, News Online (Africa) Tampere Digest Nettime-Tampere Digest, International Mailing List

Haarlems Dagblad Haarlems Dagblad, Newspaper (NL) taz Die Tageszeitung, Newspaper (D)

HaberT Haber Turk, Online news (TR) TDN Turkish Daily News, Newspaper (TR)

Hamburger Abendblatt Hamburger Abendblatt, Newspaper (D) Telegraaf De Telegraaf, Newspaper (NL)

HessenR Hessen Radio online, online news (D) Telegraph Telegraph, Newspaper (GB)

HEXAM The Huddersfield daily examiner Tempo Il tempo, Online News (I)

HHC Hungarian Helsinki Committee, NGO (H) Terra Terra, Newspaper (E)

Hiergeb Hiergeblieben, On line Database (G) Tgcom Tgcom, Multimedia (I)

Hilfe MenschenAB Hilfe für Menschen in Abschiebehaft Büren, NGO (D) The News International The News, Media ( Pakistan)

HimalayanTimes The Himalayan Times, Newspaper ( Nepal) The Standard The Standard, Newspaper (GB)

HNA Hessen Nachrichten A, online news (D) TheEntertainerOnline The Entertainer Online, Media (E)

HNS Hactivist News Service, News Online (F) TheGlobe The Globe and Mail, Newspaper (Canada)

HRA European Human Rights Centre,GO (GB) TheHerald The Herald, Newspaper (GB)

HRFT Human Rights Foundation of Turkey, NGO (TR) TheHuff The Huffington Post (GB)

HRS The Human Rights Server (D) TheNews The News

HRW Human Rights Watch, NGO (International) Thestar The Star, Newspaper (South Africa) Humano Periodismo Humano, Online News (E) ThisIsNott This Is Nottingham (GB)

HURINet Human Rights Information Network, NGO (GB) TI The Indipendent , Newspaper (GB)

HURRIYET Hurriyet Daily News (TR) Times The Times, Newspaper (GB)

I OuryJalloh Initiative Oury Jalloh, blog (D) TimesM The Times of Malta, Newspaper (M)

IAADH Iniciativa Angolana Antimilitarista para os Direitos Humanos, NGO (D) Tiroler Tageszeitung Tiroler Tageszeitung, Newspaper (A)

IANS Inmigration Advocates Network, NGO Tisc Tiscali Notizie (I)

ICARE Internet Centre Anti Racism Europe, Media (NL) TK Thrakinea, Newspaper (GR)

icB icBerkshire, Media (GB)TL Terrelibere, Media (I) icC icConventry, Media (GB)TN TeleNoticies, Media (E) icliverpool icLiverpool, Media (GB)TNE The Northern Echo (UK) icS icScotland, Media (GB)TodZam Today’s Zaman, Newspaper (TR) Ideal Online News Granada (E) Top News Top News, News Online (India)

IET Istituto Euromediterrane di Trieste, Foundation (I) TownCrier The Town-Crier, Newspaper (GB)

IFIR International Federation of Iranian Refugees, INGO (NL) TP Turkish Press, Media (TR)

IHFHR International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, INGO (FIN) Tribuna Nueva Tribuna, News Online (E) IHRC Islamic Human Rights Commission, NGO (GB) TribuneGeneve Tribune de Geneve, Newspaper (CH) ilClandestino Il Clandestino, Newspaper (I) Trierer Volksfreund Volksfreund, Newspaper (D)

ILD Il Domani, Newspaper (I)TS Think Spain, Newspaper (E)

ILM Il Manifesto,Newspaper (I)TunisieSoir Tunisia Soir, online news (TN)

IlMess Il Messaggero, Newspaper (I) TVXS TVXS, Newsonline (GR)

ILN Il Nuovo, Newspaper (I)TW Turkish Weekly, Newspaper (TR)

ILP Il Piccolo, Newspaper (I) TweeVandaag Twee Vandaag, Opinionpanel, Television Program (NL)

IM Il Mattino, Newspaper (I) TySp Typically Spanish, News Online (E)

IMA International Migrants Alliance, NGO (Hong Kong) U4IB United 4 Iran – Bayern, NGO (D)

IMEDANA Institut für Medien und Projektarbeit , NGO (D) Ua Uaedigest

IMK IMK Menschenrechtsinformationsdienst, Magazine (D) Uckermark-Kurier Uckermark Kurier, Newspaper (D)

INDbe Independent Media Center – Belgium, International Info Network (B) UE Universal Embassy, Forum Ambassade Universelle, NGO (B)

INDd Independent Media Center-Germany, International Info Network (D) UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, GO

Independent The Independent, Newspaper (GB) Unità Unità, Newspaper (I)

INDgb Independent Media Center-Great Britain, International Info Network (GB) Universo El Universo, newspaper €

INDi Independent Media Center – Italia, International Info Network (I) UNMIK UNMIK Division of Public Information, News Online (XZ)

INDie Independent, Newspaper (IRL) UnSarda L’Unione Sarda, Newspaper (I)

INDm Independent Media Center-Marseille, International Info Network (F) UPP Uppmana, Anti Racism Magazine Online

Indymedia Independent Media Center, International Info Network (D) USAToday USA Today, Newspaper (USA)

INexile Inexile, Magazine of the British Refugee Council (GB) UxbGaz Uxbridge Gazette, Newspaper (GB)

INF Infinito Edizioni Vatan Vatan Gazetesi, Newspaper (TR) info L’Info, online news (F) VDG La Voz de Galicia, Newspaper (E)

Infomob Infomobile – Information with, about and for refugees, website (GR) Verdad La Verdad, News Online (E) Informe Raxen Bulletin of Movimiento contra la Intolerancia, NGO (E) Vers l’Avenir Vers l’Avenir, Editorial (B)

inq7 Inquirer 7, Media (USA) Vielfaltletter Vielfalt Newsletter, Magazine (A) Inquest INQUEST – United Campaigns for Justice, NGO (GB) Vita Vita, Magazine (I)

Interior Ministry Germany Interior Ministry Germany Government (D) Vivre Vivre Ensemble, NGO (CH)

IntHeraldTribune International Herald Tribune, Newspaper (F) VK De Volkskrant, Newspaper (NL)

IP The Islandpacket – Southern Beaufort Counly’s News & Information Source (USA) Vluchteling Vluchtelingenwerk Vlaanderen, NGO (B)

IPL Italy Peace Link – Telematica per la Pace, Association (I) VOA VOA News, News Online (USA)

IPS International Youth Press Service (DK) Voorvlucht Voor Vluchtelingen, Yahoo Group List (NL)

IPSNA Inter Press Service News Agency VRF The Voice Refugee Forum / Africa Forum, NGO (D)

IRAINC Iranian Refugees Alliance, NGO (USA) VSF Voix Sans Frontieres International Broadcast Campaign

Irish Times The Irish Times, Newspaper (IRL) Was geht ab? Was geht ab?, NGO (D)

IRN International Refugee News, International Federation of Iranian Refugees, INGO (NL)waz Wolfsburger Allgemeine, Newspaper (D)

IRR Institute of Race Relations, NGO (GB) WB Westfalenblatt, Newspaper (D)

ISAGC Immigrant Support Action Group Cyprus, NGO (CY) Welt Die Welt online, newspaper (D) ISMD Initiative Schwarze Menschen in Deutschland, NGO (D) WIB AK

IstitutoInnocenti Istituto degli Innocenti, Institute (I) WIK Internet Enciclopedia

ItalyMAG ItalyMaga, Media (I)WIKO Wiener Integrationskonferenz, network and helpdesk for NGOs (migration)

Javno Javno, Media (HR) WOL Web of lstafford, Blog JCWI Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants WP Waging Peace, NGO (GB)

Italian Authorities Italian Authorities, Government WSWS World Socialist Web Site, Internet Center of International Committee of the Fourth International Jelpke PDS-Bundestagsabgeordnete, Member of the Bundestag (D) Xinhua Xinhua News Agency (PRC)

JT Jungle World, Newspaper (D) Ya Basta! Associazione Ya Basta!, NGO (I) jW junge Welt, Media (D) Ya.I Yahoo Italia, Notizie (I)

Kaosenlared Kaos En La Red, Media/contra-informacion (E) Ya.N Yahoo News, Media (USA)

Karawane Karawane, NGO (D) YABI Yabiladi, Media (Morocco)

Kein Mensch Kein Mensch ist Illegal, NGO (D) YatchingWorld Yatching & Boating World, Magazine (GB)

Khaleej Khaleej Times Online, Newspaper (United Arab Emirates) YT YorkshireToday, Newspaper (GB)

KI Kathimerini – Greece International English Language Newspaper (GR) ZAG Zeitschrift Antirassistischer Gruppen – Antirassistische Initiative Berlin (D)

Kinisi Kinisi – NGO (GR) ZDF Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen, Media (D)

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